In the 20th century, democracy was the most successful form of
governance. This was the same period that the number of democracies around the
world increased tremendously as decolonisation created new democracies in Africa
and Asia. The collapse of the Soviet Union in central Europe also led to the
uprising of many fledgling democracies. By 2000, an estimated 63% of the world
were democracies. Fundamentally, this is because the system allows greater
freedom of speech and the people have more power to shape the nation’s future
and the type of environment they wish to see for future generations. It has
become an extremely popular and highly fought for.
However, as we progress towards a new age in the 21st century, it
seems that this trend is regressing and democracy is beginning to see its
downfall. On average, states that are run under the system of democracy seem to
be doing better in terms of their wealth and economy. These countries are also
relatively more stable, on the basis that the likelihood of them going to war
is much lower. The second half of the 20th century was when democracy began to
be challenged. This phenomenon was seen in Germany, after receiving trauma by
the Nazis and in South Africa, where the state had been under the apartheid
system. In fact, 2013 marked the 8th consecutive year that global freedom
Outside the West
Since the downfall of democracy began,
many government bodies have switched to ruling under an autocracy. This change
was never explicitly said as they simulated a faux democracy via their
continued elections, but the change was obvious in that the rights and
institutions that are fundamental to a functioning democracy were taken away.
Conversely, in areas where there was a
switch away from autocracy, a democracy still could not established. While the
world celebrated the collapse of autocracy after years of disagreement, it
seems that pushing out an autocrat was a much easier that building a democracy.
The Orange revolution in Ukraine proved how the setting up of a new regime was
an extremely rocky path, causing the economy to be unstable and the country to
fall to a state more chaotic than before. In 2004 Mr Yanukovych who was previously dragged out of office after
vast street protests, ended up being re-elected for presidency in 2010, seeing
as how opposition politicians that replaced him turned out to worse.
Within the West
Similarly in the West, democracies were starting to be drowned in
debt, being useless in their homeland yet an overreach in foreign countries.
The US is a democracy that has become a notable example for
gridlock. Trivializing the process of decision making and underestimating the
importance of each vote, the US has landed in a state today whereby second-rate
president such as George Bush junior or worse, Donald Trump, have been elected.
Because democracy is a system run by voting, the trick to succeeding is to
sweet-talk the audience and delude them into thinking all their ideals are
possible. In the US, the tactic of gerrymandering has been used to draw
boundaries to maintain the power of the existing party. Therefore, politicians
merely have to seek approval and appeal to the voters that are faithful to the
current body. This causes a large number of opposing voters to be disregarded.
Lobbying is also a common practice during election period, using money and
privileges as an incentive to guarantee votes. Unfortunately, this has created
a disfigured image for America that puts democracy for sale, giving by-standers
the impression that money means power.
During the lowest of the euro crisis, Italy and Greece were forced
to switch from their democracy to a technocracy. This was only met with failure
when the European Parliament ended up receiving tremendous hate. Since then, the
event has opened up opportunities exploited by populist parties which claim to
protect the average people and stand up against the conceited yet useless