· DemocracyIn the 20th century, democracy was the most successful form ofgovernance. This was the same period that the number of democracies around theworld increased tremendously as decolonisation created new democracies in Africaand Asia. The collapse of the Soviet Union in central Europe also led to theuprising of many fledgling democracies. By 2000, an estimated 63% of the worldwere democracies. Fundamentally, this is because the system allows greaterfreedom of speech and the people have more power to shape the nation’s futureand the type of environment they wish to see for future generations. It hasbecome an extremely popular and highly fought for.
However, as we progress towards a new age in the 21st century, itseems that this trend is regressing and democracy is beginning to see itsdownfall. On average, states that are run under the system of democracy seem tobe doing better in terms of their wealth and economy. These countries are alsorelatively more stable, on the basis that the likelihood of them going to waris much lower. The second half of the 20th century was when democracy began tobe challenged. This phenomenon was seen in Germany, after receiving trauma bythe Nazis and in South Africa, where the state had been under the apartheidsystem. In fact, 2013 marked the 8th consecutive year that global freedomdeclined. Outside the WestSince the downfall of democracy began,many government bodies have switched to ruling under an autocracy.
This changewas never explicitly said as they simulated a faux democracy via theircontinued elections, but the change was obvious in that the rights andinstitutions that are fundamental to a functioning democracy were taken away. Conversely, in areas where there was aswitch away from autocracy, a democracy still could not established. While theworld celebrated the collapse of autocracy after years of disagreement, itseems that pushing out an autocrat was a much easier that building a democracy.The Orange revolution in Ukraine proved how the setting up of a new regime wasan extremely rocky path, causing the economy to be unstable and the country tofall to a state more chaotic than before. In 2004 Mr Yanukovych who was previously dragged out of office aftervast street protests, ended up being re-elected for presidency in 2010, seeingas how opposition politicians that replaced him turned out to worse.
Within the WestSimilarly in the West, democracies were starting to be drowned indebt, being useless in their homeland yet an overreach in foreign countries. USAThe US is a democracy that has become a notable example forgridlock. Trivializing the process of decision making and underestimating theimportance of each vote, the US has landed in a state today whereby second-ratepresident such as George Bush junior or worse, Donald Trump, have been elected.
Because democracy is a system run by voting, the trick to succeeding is tosweet-talk the audience and delude them into thinking all their ideals arepossible. In the US, the tactic of gerrymandering has been used to drawboundaries to maintain the power of the existing party. Therefore, politiciansmerely have to seek approval and appeal to the voters that are faithful to thecurrent body. This causes a large number of opposing voters to be disregarded.
Lobbying is also a common practice during election period, using money andprivileges as an incentive to guarantee votes. Unfortunately, this has createda disfigured image for America that puts democracy for sale, giving by-standersthe impression that money means power. The EUDuring the lowest of the euro crisis, Italy and Greece were forcedto switch from their democracy to a technocracy. This was only met with failurewhen the European Parliament ended up receiving tremendous hate.
Since then, theevent has opened up opportunities exploited by populist parties which claim toprotect the average people and stand up against the conceited yet uselesselite.