090692 MALINDICONSTITUENCY Malindi District is a former administrative district in the coastalprovince of Kenya .Its capital was the coastal town of Malindi.It merged intoKilifi county in 2010,the district had a population of 544,303.Malindi town ispopularly being refered to as “Little Italy”.Italians have been present there and their numbers aregrowing vastly and they own more than 2500 properties in terms of real estateamd number of estimated Italian residents is about 3000 which is the largerstEuropean population compared to European populations anywhere in Kenya. heItalian embassy is the only foreign mission with a resident consul in Malindi toaid its population.
In the preelections held in November 2007 for the Kenyangeneral election, 2007 Mr. Amason Jeffah Kingi, an Advocate of the High Court, was elected as a Member ofParliament for the Magarini Parliamentary constituency and Mr. Gideon Mung’aro, the former Mayorof Malindi, was elected as a member of Parliament for the Malindi constituency.
Mr. Amason Kingi was consequently appointed to the cabinet where he currently serves as the Minister for East AfricanCommunity. Tourism is a major industrywhile inland areas are rural.
BRIEFHISTORY;It washuman friendly ancient coastal town.Its original site might have been Mambrui, north of the Sabaki river. Portuguese knew its asMalinde, It is now the second largest city of the Coastal province afterMombasa. Some say that the name is Swahili for Malindi, means large amounts ofwealth. Other claim Malindi means holes refers to the caves found along thecoast .The town was fondly called Malindi Mtama after the sorghum that wasproduced in very large quantities. Malindi was an liberated Islamic town, it became an influence to the Portuguese inthe 16th century before being ruled by the Sultan of Oman andZanzibar and later in the 19th century,the british visitors came tothe town the Chinese explorer Cheng and Vasco Da Gama in 1400’s.
The Vasco da GamaPilar and the Portuguese chapel are adequate evidence of the existence of thePortuguese period.The town has gone through enough ups and downs in terms ofpopulation from a small settlement to a modern city where Kiswahili and adiversity of different languages are understood by the locals. Malindi’s a town consisting of different cultures the Asians, Europeans andAfricans culturally diversepopulation ,this has led to various economic activitiesfrom the Indian oceantrade,fishing agriculture to the present day commerce and tourism.
Malindi townlies to the south of the equator.Her population comprisesArabs,Giriama,Bajuni,Indians,Swahili and Europeans especially the Italians. educationMalindi does not perform well in terms of education but ithas better performance as compared to earlier days.
Learners in malindi dropout of school inspite of effort to stem the phenomenon and this affects the overall developmentof the district. Due to thelure of money in the booming tourism industry, many children drop out of schoolbefore the age of 12, to become, if lucky, hoteliers, tour guides, drivers orcasual laborers in the industry. But the majority of the uneducated youths endup in the illegal sex and human trafficking business, many of them in the falsepromise that one day they will strike it rich.
Nationally, Malindi ranksamongst the poorest performing regions academically. MEDA(MALINDI EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION) has since 1997,worked to promote education in Malindi. They do this by providing scholarshipsto students who wish to go to school but lack school fees, and also byimproving the standards of education and providing support for the training ofteachers.
MEDA realized that for Malindi to succeed in the education front,they needed to focus on education from the elementary level. MEDA has since1997, worked to promote education in Malindi. They do this by providingscholarships to students who wish to go to school but lack school fees, andalso by improving the standards of education and providing support for thetraining of teachers. MEDA realized that for Malindi to succeed in theeducation front, they needed to focus on education from the elementary level.MEDAthus saw the need to find a solution for this issue. When the Pamoja4Changecall for proposals was advertised , MEDA realized that this was the opportunitythey had been waiting for. A local resident had donated a prime beach frontplot to the public earlier to ensure that the locals accessed the beach giventhat most of the beach land had been privatized.
MEDA being the most respectedcommunity organization, was given part of the land, and it is here that theydecided to set up the very first public playground for children.Inaddition to the land donation, MEDA was able to raise money for the playgroungthrough the Pamoja4Change match fund while embarking on h local philanthropydrive to raise money to establish the play ground.OneStrategy that MEDA has used successfully to raise resources locally, is totarget the holy month of Ramadhan.
MEDA has continue to organiz communitydinners over the years, bringing together prominent leaders of the communityand other faithful to fundraise for local development projects. This year, MEDAidentified the playground project as the lead project for the local fundraisingwhich was able to attract a total of Ksh. 4.1 Million from the communitymembersThe playground was opened and children from the larger MalindiCounty continue to enjoy this facility.HEALTHCARE; Free maternalhealthcare service provision was perceived to boost skilled care utilisationduring pregnancy and delivery. However, challenges including; delays in thereimbursement of funds by the government to the facilities, stock outs ofessential commodities in the facilities to facilitate service provision,increased workload amidst staff shortage and lack of consultation andsensitisation of key stakeholders were perceived as barriers to effectiveimplementation of this policy. Malindi district, asub county within Kilifi County in the Coastal parts of Kenya. Malindi districtcovers an area of 7750 km2 and has an estimated populationof 424,081people with nearly half (47 %) of the population being below theage of fifteen years.
The district is served by 37 government owned healthfacilities. Thirty six (97 %) of these facilities are equipped to offerBasic Emergency Obstetric Care which includes; antenatal care with earlydetection and treatment of common problems of pregnancy, as well as first aidfor complications of pregnancy and labour. The other facility (Malindi districthospital) is the only government owned facility in the district which isequipped to offer Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (CEOC) to include theprovision of BEOC, blood transfusions and caesarean sections . The currentMaternal Mortality Ratio in Malindi district (MMR) is at 428 per 100,000 livebirths with an equally high fertility rate of 6.1 children per woman, higherthan the national fertility rate, of 4.
6 children per woman.Despite the positive outcomes of the policy significantchallenges and barriers in its implementation existed. These included;uncompensated loss in fee revenue while patient volumes simultaneouslyincreased”, “inadequate human resources shortages of commodities, anddemotivation of health care providers”. For example, failure of the nationalGovernment to reimburse the facilities promptly was reported to contribute toshortage of drugs and supplies, which negatively affected the quality of careprovided. One service provider stated that they were at times forced toimprovise or ask the relatives to buy the necessary supplies in order tofacilitate service provision in public health care facilities.The policy on free maternal health services in Kenya aims toimprove access to skilled care by all women, especially the disadvantaged ruralpopulations. Consistent with national and international literature, the currentstudy supports the notion that the elimination of user fee increases the uptakeof skilled care by the women and has the potential to improve maternal healthoutcomes in Malindi district 25 if thecurrently identified challenges are addressed. The findings from the currentstudy provide useful evidence for policy makers in gaining an understanding onwhat works and what does not work for the program hence enabling them toconcentrate efforts to increase the delivery of what we know can be effectivein reducing poor maternal healthcare.
Tourism;Being a beautiful and one of the oldest townsin Kenya, Malindi’s tourism industry thrives. The town is full of nice crispsandy beaches and perfect weather all year round.The small town of Malindi isat the centre of a strip of idyllic tropical beaches offering the visitor witha range of world class resorts and quiet relaxing hideaways.Futher south,thesleepy village of Watamu is fronted by wide white beaches.This tranquil is hometo several well established resorts and many private guest house scatteredthrough the forest along the deserted shore.
Their is also a marine park atWatamu,an ideal day trip for for divers.North West malindi is the spectacularMarafa Depression ,locally known as Nyari .An extensive series of sandstonegorges and sheer gullies,this unique landscape has become part of localfolklore.Arabuko sokoke thick jungles hide the world of wonders.The foresthabours rare endemic birds and mammalsand visiting herds of elephants.
The forest also holds the lost town ofGedi, a desserted town whose winding passages and crumbling wals tell of amysterious past. Malindi is famed for coral reefs that liejust 1,000 feet off its shore, best seen at Malindi National Marine Park ornearby Watamu. Game fishing, surfing and simply relaxing on the beach arepopular local pastimes. The narrow streets and market of Malindi’s old town areworth a visit. However Malindi has been vastly affected by theOctober election 2017.Tourism in Malindi has hit its lowest point due to politicalwrangles that characterised Kenya’s repeat presidential election.In Malindi,hotels have been hit by an international tourist drought.
The top seat wrangleshave adversely affected the industry..Although some chartered airlines fromItaly resumed flights to Mombasa some months ago, only a few tourists actuallyvisited MalindiJob lossesKenya Union ofDomestic, Hotels, Educational Institutions and Allied Workers (KUDHEIHA) warned that thousands of jobs might be lost ifthe sector does not improve. “At the moment, most hotels in Malindi are scalingdown operations. Our fears are that thousands of workers will be sent home ifthe situation will not improve,” he said.Sai Rock Hotel Group general manager,Robert Kiri, said the facility in Malindi had 10 per cent occupancy.
Hotels have less international guests as they havekept off due to the political uncertainty. AGRICULTURE; INFRASTRUCTURE; Advertisement