Introduction”We are disturbed not by what happens to us, but by our thoughts aboutwhat happens”(Epictetus). It is normal for anyone suffering with anxiety alongside other mentalhealth problems suchas depression or even suicidal feelings. For instance, you may feel nervous when confront a difficult situationin life, before taking an examination or before making a significant decision.
However, what happen if people who have worry and fear are continuous and overwhelming,and can be incapacitated especially about every social affairs. It may be the indicationof Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also called Social Phobia, one of threetypical types of mental health problem with complicated patterns. In addition,Social anxiety disorder happens when we feel exceedingly worried about being embarrassed and judged by others (NIH,2014).
According to a survey conductedby ADAA, Social anxiety disorder made a tremendous impact on nearly 15 millionAmerican adults and millons of people all over the world suffered from thispsychological disorder. Therefore, scientists and psychologists have made greatefforts to discover the effective treatments to help patients overcome thisserious illness. This paper is for the purpose of raising awareness about SAD, aswell as discussing its symptoms, causes, effects and treatments. 2.Discussion offindings2.1.
The symptoms ofSADAs reported by Richards (cited in Social Anxiety Association, n.d.),those who undergo social anxiety disorder get into a powerful panic of beingnegatively judged and scrutinized by other people or even fear interacting withstrange individuals in a social setting. Critically, most of the peoplesuffering from social phobia realize that they should not be as anxious as theyare, but ther panic is actually out of control. As a matter of fact, they areafraid of talking, presenting in meetings or in groups, having dialogues withpeople, while others are concerned about and avoid a variety of social states. Entering into details, social anxiety disorder is recognized by twomain types of symptoms: emotional symptoms and physiological symptoms. Asreviewed by Goldberg (cited in WebMD, 2017), all socially anxious people havediverse explanations for nervous feelings in definite situations.
But ingeneral, people usually encounter substantial emotional distress in thefollowing social affairs: being introduced to strange people or when confrontedwith new people, being witnessed or stalked while doing something, being thecentre of concentration, having to perform in a formal, public situation,annoying somebody by chance. Along with emotional symptoms, the physiologicalexpressions which are associated with social anxiety disorder may consist of strongapprehension, rapid heartbeat, self-consciousness, dry throat and mouth,extreme sweating, shake, hard swallow, unsettled stomach or other intestinalpain, breathlessness, faintness, convulsion and eye contact issues. Constant,severe fear that does not go away is the most typical symptom. (Richards, citedin SAA. n.
2. The causes ofSADThere are no obvious reasons why social anxiety disorder happens.However, there are some pieces of information that are ascertained to havecaused this type of disorder (Goldberg, cited in Webmb. n.d). First of all, geneticsmay be the first reason leading to this mental problem. Individuals who have afamily member suffering with social phobia will be easily influenced orhypnotized than others. Secondly, it can also be related to having anoveractive amygdala, one of the structures in the brain controlling the fearreaction.
According to Mayo Clinic Staff (2017), the main cause of SAD seems tobe severe, extended, negative experience in early childhood. Victims have totolerate frequent occurrences of horrendous physical or sexual abuse inchildhood but primarily early mid-childhood, a momentous course of development.Additionally, children who experience practical jokes, torment, denunciation,mockery or disgrace may be more susceptible to social phobia. A lot ofdiscouraging events in life, such as family dispute, fail or trauma are alsoaccompanied with social anxiety disorder.
In some people, beauty treatment orshudder because of Parkinson’s complaint can multiply the feelings ofembarrassment and may trigger social anxiety disorder attack. As Jefferson (2001) reported, behavioural inhibition can be a principalpredisposition to increasing the risk of having social anxiety as well as othermental problems. Many different features impact on individuals during theperiod of growth and are probable to interrelate in complicated ways to elevateor avoid the beginning of social anxiety disorder. In general, the derivations of social phobia are assorted and complicated.Childhood maltreatmentand harsh conditions are probably hazard elements for this serious disorder.Wang et al. (2016) also asserted that thereis an involvement among parenting styles, family functioning and social phobia.And assured genetic trains can lead to socially anxious condition.
However, itis vital not to dwell too powerfully on the fundamental causes of socialanxiety disorder. Moderately, the emphasis should be for the purpose of theawkward thoughtful patterns which are preserving it. 2.
3. The impacts of SAD on peopleJefferson (2001) noted the massive influence of social anxiety disorder on standard of living. For a individual withsocial anxiety disorder, daily social affairs bring about so much depression,anxiety and suicidal tendency that separation seems like a liberation. Socialanxiety disorder prevents victims from living their own lives. They will avoidthe circumtances which are considered “usual” by other people. They even face adifficult moment being aware of how other people can manage them without remarkableefforts.
Angélico et al. (2013)hypothesized that SAD patients do nothave enough necessary verbal and non-verbal abilities to tacklesocial contact or performance situations. As a result, they show a varietyof educational, professional and social incapacity. This is a confusion ofmisplaced chances because individuals must spend most of their time on fightingagainst their disease.
For instance, learners having social anxiety disordertend to drop out of school in the early stages due to their nervousness ofpoorly performing in their study more than their colleagues who do not sufferfrom this illness. Besides, suffers of social phobia aslo have disturbed andunreliable employment history podcast such that they are likely to transfer fromone office to another. Because they are worried about being unsuccessful or notcompleting work when they carry out a assignment which does not bring forth thegood results as they expect. In some other situations, the fear of fullfilling leading anobligation usually makes them be away from work until they feel identicallygratified that they will not be accquainted with the similar duty. According to Stein & Walker (n.d.), theabsence of confidence and motivation affected by social anxiety disorder makes victims become lonely and separete as they are not able to make friendsor interact with people.
For example, children who have to put up with theillness will have few friends and count upon them for all social situations.But families change place, children move to a new school, and it may be neededfor them to start new relationships. This is actually hard for socially anxiouschildren to adapt to a different living condition and they may be more fearful(Wells, 1998). In other words, the frightened feeling of failing to be admitedin the new location will strengthen social anxiety disorder. There is an alarm fact that most victimsexperiencing SAD try to commit suicide. The cause behind foolish actions isbecause of the fear and desperate feelings when living in the periods ofprivacy too persistent (Nepon,Belik, Bolton and Sareen, 2010). After a shameful state among people, those whohaving social phobia feel extremely hopeless about themselves such that theycan find no reasonable solution to their problem except trying to killthemselves. With these serious consequences above,it cannot be negated that social anxiety disorder brings about a large numberof difficulties, which force victims to put more effort into quite recoveredprocess.
2.4. Treatments for SADIn any forms of mental healthproblems, the treatments can give sufferers as well as SAD people a greatchance of getting back to their normal lives. According to SANE Australia, treatmentsinclude all the diverse ways in which people having mental illness can reducethe impacts of disease and raise the ability of recovery. And also, there aremany treatments for people suffering from social phobia such as psychologicaltherapy, medication and most importanly the supports from others.
First of all, the method consideredto be an effective cure for social anxiety disorder is psychotherapy or cognitive-behavior therapy. As Stein (2001) mentioned that Cognitive-behavior treatment helps patients createand maintain a positive attitude on contact among people as well as modifytheir opinions about themselves. This kind of therapy is also suggested toconsult psychologists and advisors to help patients deal with their problems.With the help of cognitive-behavior therapy, people suffering from thisdisorder may not be fearful and anxious in interacting with other people. Additionally, social anxiety disorder istreated by medications.
However, this method does not have a prolonged effectto enhance patients’ recovery without the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy.Medications bring patients many positive signals, but not all, sufferers fromsocial anxiety disorder because sometimes this treatment may not “suitable” for human brain structureand their functions (Richards, n.d.). Nevertheless, patients can use some typesof medications to impermanently diminish the warning signs of the illness suchas headache, shake, breathing difficulty.
Last but not at least, theappropriate supports from family and friends play an important role in completingrecovery process in patients having social phobia. Albano (cited in CFYM, 2014)mentioned that family members and especially parents need to get a accurate andcryptical understanding of this mental issue as well as help patients developfriendships. Friendships are the fundamental factors to preserve the socialinteraction and social support, which are extremely necessary for sufferers notto stand the isolated feelings. 3. ConclusionThis research aims to prove socialanxiety disorder is not just introversion or shyness.
People with this seriousillness not only lose the ability to speak in public and interact with peoplebut also became victims from dishonest behaviors of human such as bullying,rape joke or discrimination, it is most urgent that we operate to protect themfrom emotional and physical mistreatment. Undoubtedly, social phobia isexceedingly subjective but the innovations in the treatment of this mentalhealth problem have brought hope and faith in a bright future.