1 Kings was written to provide an theological explanation for the great tragedies of ancient Israel; the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah by Babylon in 586 BCE. The teleological influence is seen in the text in the way it seems to “judge” each king of Israel on the factors of whether the king recognises the great significance of the Temple in Jerusalem or not (none of the kings do this and are all therefore concluded as “evil”) and each king of Judah on the factor on whether he destroys and defeats all the rivals to the temple in Jerusalem.
The book tells us about the history of ancient Israel, from the death of King David to the release of Jehoiachin from Babylon, an period spanning of 400 years (c.?960 – c.?560 BCE). It expresses all the reasons behind what took place in history- a primary example being apostasy, the consequences of our actions leading to punishment. In the original Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings are combined to create one single book. The book was translated into Greek during the last few centuries of BCE and Kings 1 and 2 were joined with Samuel creating an four-part work called the Book of Kingdoms ( called the Septuagint) and is used to this day regularly by the Greek Orthodox branch of Christianity. As when the book was translated into Latin ( called the Vulgate) for the use of the Western church the books were divided into two separate books and were tilted to the Book of Kings. The credited author of the Kings is Jeremiah, who would have been alive during the fall of Jerusalem in 586 BCE.
Martin Noth, an German Scholar has stated an thesis that expresses that Kings 1 and Kings 2 both reflect the language and theology of the Book of Deuteronomy and is accepted and acknowledged by most biblical scholars. Martin Noth also included in his thesis that the book was only written by one single individual that approximately lived during the 6th century BCE but some scholar disagree to this statement and view the book as if it was made up of two layers, the first edition of the book being written during the time of Josiah, who lived during the late 7th century BCE which expresses Josiah´s betrayal to God by worshiping other Gods and the need for repentance. The second layer being the final edition which is believed to have been written during the mid 6th century BCE. It is also commonly acknowledged that Kings 1 and Kings 2 have been through further levels of editing: An example below proving this point stating how it is highly possible that the Kings have been modified and changed throughout the years as the differences in versions of the texts are shown:Source: https://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/Books_of_Kings#cite_note-18 ” a late 8th century BCE edition pointing to Hezekiah of Judah as the model for kingship; an earlier 8th century BCE version with a similar message but identifying Jehu of Israel as the ideal king; and an even earlier version promoting the House of David as the key to national well-being.18″If comparing Kings 1 and 2 to other biblical texts, Kings 1 and 2 are very “history-like” as it comprises of many legends, folktales, and miracle stories. Kings 1 and 2 gives us an primary explanation for all of God’s doings, interpreting how all of our actions are the basis and result of God’s doings.
The text also claims that everything that happens in our universe is God’s doing, no matter if it’s considered good or bad.