1. unitary systems of government have the same


 One weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that the Confederation Congress could not enforce its laws.   a.  True   b.  False   2.

 International trade can be used as a tool to persuade a nation to change its policies.   a.  True   b.  False   3. John Locke’s ideas about the separation of powers inspired the Framers when they crafted the three-branch structure of the federal government under the Constitution.   a.  True   b.  False   4.

 Federal systems of government and unitary systems of government have the same power structure.   a.  True   b.  False   5. The number of justices on the Supreme Court may be changed by Congress.   a.

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  True   b.  False   6. The Virginia Plan gave equal representation to all states in Congress, which favored small states. The New Jersey Plan based representation on population, favoring large states.   a.  True   b.  False   7. Congress does not have to appoint committee chairs according to seniority.

  a.  True   b.  False   8. The Twenty-fifth Amendment states that if the vice president assumes the office of president, the office of vice president is filled by the leader of the House of Representatives.   a.  True   b.

  False   9. In Thomas Hobbes’s idea of a social contract, people agree to give up all freedoms in exchange for the order provided by government rule.   a.  True   b.  False   10. The government body that has the last word on the meaning of the U.

S. Constitution is the U.S. Supreme Court.   a.  True   b.  False   11. Once elected, the president may not help his or her political party to raise money.

  a.  True   b.  False   12. Most colonists did not mind the king’s new taxes on goods because they knew the money raised by the taxes would serve their common interests.

  a.  True   b.  False   13.

 The United States limits the number of immigrants to about one million a year.   a.  True   b.  False   14. The ancient Greek city-state of Athens created the world’s first republic.

  a.  True   b.  False   15. Immigrants who are naturalized must swear to obey the United States Constitution.   a.  True   b.

  False   16. At the Constitutional Convention, delegates from Southern states wanted enslaved persons counted in a state’s population to increase their power in the new House of Representatives.   a.  True   b.  False   17. The nonlegislative powers of Congress include the power to check other government branches.

  a.  True   b.  False   18. Congress may not pass laws that restrict freedom of speech.   a.  True   b.

  False   19. In a direct democracy, people vote on issues themselves, rather than electing representatives to decide for them.   a.  True   b.

  False   20. Article III of the U.S. Constitution established the judicial branch of government.   a.  True   b.  False   Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.   21.

 One of the benefits of being a member of Congress is   a.  free postage for personal mail.   b.  legal protection in certain situations.

  c.  not having to pay income taxes.   d.  the permission to ignore traffic laws.   22. An amendment proposed by Congress becomes part of the Constitution when it is ratified by   a.

  a simple majority of the state legislatures.   b.  a supermajority of three-fourths of the state legislatures.   c.  the president.

  d.  the Supreme Court.   23. Which part of the U.S. Constitution established the judicial branch?   a.  Article I   b.  Article II   c.

  Article III   d.  Article V   24. Which of the following is an example of contributing to the common good?   a.  advertising a physical therapy practice in the local newspaper   b.  donating food to a food pantry for the poor   c.

  spending an afternoon working in your garden   d.  writing a letter to a newspaper about a spelling mistake printed in a job ad   25. Which case clarified that the Constitution overrides all other laws?   a.  Dred Scott v. Sandford   b.  Marbury v. Madison   c.  Plessy v.

Ferguson   d.  Worcester v. Georgia   26. Between 1830 and 1890, the number of immigrants to North America   a.  decreased sharply.   b.  increased marginally.

  c.  increased sharply.   d.  decreased marginally.

  27. Which federal courts usually have original jurisdiction?   a.  appellate courts   b.  circuit courts   c.

  district courts   d.  supreme courts   28. In a criminal case, if an accused person is judged innocent,   a.  either side may appeal.

  b.  neither side may appeal.   c.  only the accused person may appeal.   d.  only the prosecution may appeal.   29.

 Which part of the Constitution gives Congress a flexible way of interpreting its powers to act?   a.  the confirming nominees clause   b.  the implied powers clause   c.  the “necessary and proper” clause   d.  the power to tax clause          30.  Which question does Clark advise voters to ask before reelecting a member of Congress?   a.

  Can he or she still think clearly?   b.  Does he or she hold high positions?   c.  Has he or she been in office for too long?   d.  Is he or she young enough to learn?   31. In which order are the following actions taken on congressional bills?   a.  committee action ? floor action ? conference action   b.

  conference action ? floor action ? committee action   c.  floor action ? committee action ? conference action   d.  floor action ? conference action ? committee action   32. Which of these features is a major difference between the government created by the U.S.

Constitution and the government created by the Articles of Confederation?   a.  listing of the national government’s powers   b.  presence of a legislature   c.

  separate executive branch   d.  shared power between states and the national government