2.7BLACK PLUM AS FOOD:Black plum also knownas jamun and widely used as a fruit. But it’s all parts has the medicinaleffect and all are used as food. Black plum seed, fruit, leaves and bark al areused due to its magical properties. 2.7.1BLACK PLUM BARK:It containscarbohydrates and tannins.
It has astringent in nature so due to its functionalcompounds Friedelin, betulinic acid, gallic acid, gallotannin and so on, so itit used in the case of dysentery.2.7.2BLACK PLUM SEED:Seed contain glycosideswhich have been shown as the anti diabetic properties. it delays thecomplication of diabetes and lowers the blood glucose level in body. Seed has anti inflammatory properties.
Blackplum seed has the compound galloy glucose, gallic acid, ellagic acid,corilaginwhich has been shown that it lower serum triglyceride, blood urea, serumcholesterol.2.7.3 BLACK PLUM FRUIT:It is widely used allover the world. It has good aroma and may be used for the cough, diabetes,dysentery, ring worm and inflammation. fruit gives the nutrients but also helpin disease e.g cancer, piles, diarrhea, blister in mouth, pimples, stomachacheand dysentery. So many people eat fruit of black plum for the treatment of thisdisease.
Plum fruit also treat against the osteoarthritis, asthma, rheumatoidarthritis and colon cancer due to high content of Vitamin C. it also containthose compounds which cleaning the heart and blood and delay the complicationsof coronary heart disease. 2.7.4 BLACK PLUM LEAF:Its leaves also usedfor lower down the glycemic index in body. Blood Insulin production alsoincreased due to its leaf extract.2.
8 BLACK PLUM PRODUCTS:Black plum cannot bepreserve for the long period of time because it has high water content and itis permissible fruit. And due to harvesting many plum detoriate due toinsuffient handling and processing in the year. So to avoid this destructionplum convert into many process food .So it is used for the long period of timeas the form of process food. The process plum products are following: · Jam· Jellies· fruit nectar· Squashes· Vinegar· wine· and process drink2.8.1BLACK PLUM SQUASHES:Plum squashes is madewhen the good quality of plum is meshed up to 5 to 10 minutes at the 140 F andthe it is stored in the glass bottles because glass is non reactive.
After thatjuice is pressed from the mesh particles and it is mixed with water, sodium andpreservative (sodium benzoate and citric acid). 2.8.
2BLACK PLUM JAM:Plum as the slightastringency and sweet and sour acid taste if it is good quality of black plum. If the plum hashigh astringency so it is soak in the salt water or soak in salt upto 1hour so its astringency will beimproved. So for the manufacturing of jam it is process with the tart saucessugar in the manufacturing of jam.2.
8.3BLACK PLUM JELLY:Black plum also usedfor making in jelly. Due to its bright purple color attractive jelly is made.Jelly is made when the plum is cooked and then draining its juice but don’tsqueeze it.
When which is extracted then which part remaining which is goodsource of pectin. But when white part does not appear so different gellingagent and pectin also used in the jelly production.2.8.4FERMENTED PRODUCTS:Vinegar also producedfrom the black plum.
The fruit is meshed and then distilled liquor is made anddoes fermentation. The vinegar and cider is made which is very attractive dueto its bright purple color and consumer like its color due to its mild aromaand flavor.Black plum is theexcellent source of magnesium, zinc, potassium, calcium, sodium, manganese,chromium and iron. But due to processing for the jam, jellies, squashes andnectar its nutrients loss so sometimes enrichment also done after processing. 2.9BREAD STICK PRODUTION:Ø Firthweight all the dry ingredients flour, Moringa and black plum powder, yeast,salt, garlic powder, cumin powder and brown sugar.
Ø Thenadd butter, milk and make a doughØ Nowleft for the fermentation up to 2 hours.Ø Afterfermentation make a bread stick properly with proper length and diameterØ Nowbake it at 110C for 10 minutes.