3rd Grade FSA Reading

character
a person or animal who takes part in the story

contrast
to show the differences between things

antonym
a word that means the opposite of another word

compare
to notice similarities between things

synonym
a word that has the same meaning or nearly the same meaning as another word

graphics
diagrams, charts, maps, graphs

traits
physical, emotional, or personality characteristics that describe a character

sequence
the order of events in a piece of writing

main idea
tells what the story or passage is mostly about

details
pieces of information that support the main idea

prefix
one or more syllables added to the beginning of a word

suffix
a syllable that is added at the end of the word

context clues
using the words or sentences that surround an unfamiliar word to help you understand the meaning

different
not the same

alike
something that is the same

prediction
a good guess of what will happen

passage
a section of text; particularly a section of medium length

ordering events
what comes first, second, last

read between the lines
understand more than what is written

setting
where and when the story take place

illustration
drawing

author
who wrote the story

title
name of the story

simile
comparing two things using the words like or as ( fast as a rocket)

metaphor
comparing two things by saying one is the other ( the piece of broccoli was a tree lying on my plate)

repetition
when words or phrases are repeated

refrain
a line that is repeated throughout a poem

fantasy
a story about invented characters who could not exist in real life

nonfiction article
gives the reader information about real people, places, or things

text features
illustrations, photographs, captions, titles, headings, graphics, boldface type

realistic fiction
a made up story that could have happened in real life

figurative language
uses words in unusual or unexpected ways

editorials
newspaper articles tht present the opinions of the publisher or editor

historical fiction
a story in which fictional characters take part in actual historical events

encyclopedia article
provides detailed information about a specific topic

rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes in the last words of lines

fable
a short story that teaches a moral

rhyming poems
use elements such as rhyme and rhythm to express feelings and ideas

free verse poems
do not have any regular pattern of line length, rhyme, meter, or stanzas

word families
groups of words that have the same base word ( schoolhouse, schoolgirl, preschool)

compound words
words that are made up of two smaller words

fact
is something that can be proved

opinion
tells what the writer thinks, feels, or believes

idiom
a phrase with a meaning that is different from the meaning of each word in it ( raining cats and dogs)

homographs
words that are spelled the same but have different meanings

imagery
the use of words to create a picture in the reader’s mind

multiple-meaning words
words that have two or more meanings

play
a story that is performed before an audience

internet articles
provide information online

autobiography
the story of a person’s life written by that person

biography
the story of a person’s life written by another person

plot
what the story is about (what happens at the beginning, in the middle, and at the end of the story)

folk tale
a story based on the customs and traditions of a people handed down from one generation to the next

haiku
a poem with three lines that is about nature ( the first and third lines have 5 syllables, and the second line have 7 syllables)

consonance
the repetition of the same consonant sound at the end of two or more words

homophones
words that sound the same but have different meanings and spellings

dialogue
what characters in a story say

mood
words that can make a story serious, funny, full of suspense, or exciting

time line
shows the time order in which events happened

stanza
a paragraph or section of a poem

alliteration
the repetition of the same sound at the beginning of words in a line of poetry

author’s purpose
why the author wrote a story or passage ( inform, entertain, persuade)

interviews
questions and answers to gather information

problem
stories have problems that need to be solved

conclusion
how a story ends

inference
a fact or idea that you can conclude based on the given information in the story