Current treatments for Insomnia and their pros and cons

 

 
Treatment

 
Advantages

 
Disadvantages

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 
Cognitive and behavioral
treatments

 
a) Cognitive behavioral therapy
for insomnia (CBT-I)
 
A talking therapy specially designed for people with
insomnia
 
 

 
Doesn’t involve with
pharmaceutical drugs so that the risk of side effects is eliminated.
 
Simple techniques, such as
relaxation training to improve sleep
 

 
Several weeks of treatments are required
 
Availability is fairly limited
 
Recommended only for those who are having sleep issues for
less than 3 weeks

 
Pharmaceutical Medications
 

 
b) OTC sleeping tablets
 
Over the counter sleeping tablets which are available at
pharmacies

 
Available without prescription
 
May be useful if used very occasionally

 
Not recommended as a long term solution
 
Effectiveness is limited
 
Underlying cause is not tackled but only masked the
problem
 
Side effects such as drowsiness can be occurred and
continued to the following day

 
c) Benzodiazepines

 
A short-term based treatment for insomnia
 
Symptoms of severe or persistent
of insomnia can be eased

 
Not recommended as a long term solution
 
Can become less effective overtime
 
Can lead to dependency
 
Wide range of side effects such as drowsiness, difficulty
concentrating and feeling emotionally numb

 
d) Z- drugs

 
A short-term based treatment
 
Helpful for time-limited problems (i.e. sudden shocks or
bereavement)
 

 
Clumsiness, drowsiness that continues to the following
day, confusion in the night and diarrhoea can occur
 
Can lead to dependency and increased risk of falls in the
elderly
 
 

 
e) Melatonin (Circadin)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Effective for elderly people
 
Can be used for up to 13 weeks at
a time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Available only on prescription
 
Only licensed for those who are
more than 55 years old
 
Side effects such as headaches,
cold like symptoms, back and joint pain can occur