A term for artwork that is based off ofstraight lines and individual shapes as if drawn out with a ruler, without anyindication of the artist’s hand.
While lines demonstrating a precision of exceptionalscale as though calculated and the edges can be found in figurative works. Edgesthat are emphasizing linear perspective as well as classical architecture, suchforms are generally found in abstract art, design, and architecture. And StringArt having a foundation laid upon stretched pieces of fabric has found itsplace in this discipline of architecture. Vertical linear elements such as towers and what not have been usedthroughout the history to commemorate events of significance and establish particulardates in time.
Vertical linear elements can also define a particular volume ofspace. Linear elements that possess the necessary tensile strength can performstructural functions. The linear elements can:· Expressa certain freedom of movement across space.· Providea sort of support for a plane above.· Form athree dimensional sort of architecturalframe.
One such application of linear formsthat has had an odd and unique impression during modern times is tensegrity. “It is a structural principle based on the use of isolatedcomponents in compression inside a net of continuous tension, insuch a way that the compressed members (usually bars or struts) do not toucheach other and the pre-stressed tensioned members (usually cables ortendons) delineate the system spatially” (Fuller, R. Buckminster (1982)). The term was coined by Buckminster Fuller in the 1960s asa portmanteau of “tensional integrity”.
Structures based off on the idea of Tensegrityhave a few things in common in their design patterns:· Themain structure on which all of the load is placed undergo either purecompression or sheer tension, in other words the whole structure will onlycollapse if the main support gives in. · Thereis a form of preload, which enables cables to be taut throughout.· A continuouspresence of mechanical stability, this allows for the main supporting structureto remain in a state tension/compression.Theidea was introduced into architecture during the 1960s when MaciejGintowt and Maciej Krasi?ski, architects of Spodek, a venuein Katowice, Poland, designed and made it one of the first structuresto utilize the idea of tensegrity.