“A leader isone who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way “John C Maxwell.
As a partthe phase four electrical apprenticeship, all apprentices have been assignedportfolios to complete on the differences between leadership and management.Throughout this portfolio I will establish the main differences betweenleadership and management, and give advantages and disadvantages of each. Leadership versusmanagement:To manyleadership and management fall hand in hand and are relatively the same thing,but in fact they are very different qualities which can be found in people inall aspects of life.
A Leader is someone who sets out goals, inspires others tofollow the same goals, and leads the group towards achieving this common goal.Leadership can be described as winning combination of bought personal traitsand also the ability to bought think and act as a leader. The Dublinsenior football manager Jim Galvin is a great example of a leader, even thoughthe job title he falls under is technically management, Jim can be bestdescribed as one off the greatest leaders the GAA has ever produced. Jim joinedthe Dublin football team in 2012, and set out the goals of making the currentDublin senior team the best football team off this generation. He alignedhimself with followers who all had the same visions and aspirations ofachieving this goal. “Leadership can be described as an art of motivating andinspiring a group of people to act towards common goals”.”Managementis doing things right, leadership is doing the right thing” Peter Drucker.
Managementcan be described as the process that is used to accomplish laid out,predetermined goals. Managers are employees who are responsible for controllingand overseeing certain people within organizations to get tasks doneefficiently and on time. These tasks are generally are generally predeterminedtasks that come from a higher authority within an organisation, (i.e.
leaders).To have awell-balanced organization there is bought leaders and mangers required tosucceed, in fact what is really needed is a few great leaders and many firstclass managers ( Kotterman, 2006).A leader issomeone within an organization who sets out direction, who comes up with theideas and the visions, motivates and inspires others to all have the samegoals. Whereas managers are the people who are assigned tasks, and expected toachieve predetermined goals through planning, budgeting, organizing. ” managementis about persuading people to do things they do not want to do, whileleadership is about inspiring people to do things they never thought theycould” (Steve jobs).
Leadership and managementstyles There arethree main categories in which leadership falls into. These categories areknown as autocratic, paternalistic and democratic.Autocratic:Autocratic liketo make all off the important decisions, and closely monitor staff. In this typeof management there is a lack of trust towards employees, one waycommunication, these type of leaders expect to be obeyed. This type ofleadership will have its limitations, but can be effective in certainsituations such as when there is a need for decisions to be made quickly, andwhen controlling large numbers of under skilled staff. This type of leadershipis off benefit when quick decisions are needed to be made. Paternalistic:In this typeof management, managers will tend to give more attention to the social needsand views of their employees.
Managers in this type of management act if theyare father figures, interested in keeping the workforce happy. They will tendto converse with employees over ongoing issues, and will listen to their ideasand feedback and give opinions. Manager or leader will make the decisions butwill use the input from employees to help with their decisions. Democratic:In this typeof management the manager will place trust in employees and allow and encouragethem to make certain decisions. This type of management style is one in which encouragesemployees to better themselves and work harder, employees get a lot moresatisfaction from completing tasks if they fell there input is helping in someway towards the greater cause.
This type of management style would be very familiarto myself as my site supervisor uses this type of management style, he putstrust in us to get certain jobs done which in turn gives us the confidence tobe competent workers. Leadership versusmanagement The paradox:Leadership andmanagement can be a fairly complex due to the fact that many people fall intothe category of bought. Managers will tend to control aspects of a job such asthe planning, budgeting, organising, controlling, coordinating. Whereas onthe other hand leaders will focus on the bigger picture and bigger goals.
Leaderswill keep the team motivated, try get the best out of each individual and willbe always looking, and inventing new ways off bringing the company to the nextlevel. Leaders are not just happy with day to day tasks been completed theywant to achieve as much as they can. All good leaders will have qualities suchas great motivational skills, inspirational skills, great vision, always be onestep ahead and thinking of the future. They will coach, counsel, listen, teachand mentor to make sure all employees strive towards reach common goals. Project management:While the titleproject management may fall under management, the reality is that there is alsoleadership needed if projects are to be successful. In project management managerswill be very rigid and set towards doing tasks in certain ways, getting the jobdone in the manner they think is most efficient. Most project managers willprefer to manage by using check lists and process.
Where aleader will work directly with the stake holders and outweigh all possibilitiesand determine the impact certain decisions might have on a project. Leaders willcommunicate with the buisness side and work with them to make the best decisionsfor the project. Leaders will collaborate with the team to help achieve goals,and will make each member fell as if they had a stake in the project, which interngives the employee an interest in the overall success of the project. Leadership versus management Conclusion:Upon startingthis project I was of the belief that leadership and management where relativelythe same thing, I found it hard to distinguish directly between bought. With allthe information I gathered in undertaking this project I can see that there isa direct contrast between bought. According to kotterman (2006), a well-balancedorganisation should have a mix of managers and leaders to succeed.
From my ownexperience out working in the construction industry managers and supervisorsset up day to day tasks which have been assigned to them from a higherauthority. They keep the day to day ticking over, set deadlines, make plans. Whileleaders will be thinking of the bigger picture and thinking ahead, thinking ofthe next job and next contract, next set of goals. Leaders will motivateinspire coach and mentor to get the best possible from each employee.
References:Class handouts,lecture notes, class discussions./www.google.ie/search?q=leadership+versus+management&rlz=1C1GGRV_enIE779IE779&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiE1fS2tfXYAhWEA8AKHTBnA8MQ_AUICigB&biw=1920&bih=974#imgrc=An_kfPrXEcYMEM:leadership+versus+management&rlz=1C1GGRV_enIE779IE779&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiE1fS2tfXYAhWEA8AKHTBnA8MQ_AUICigB&biw=1920&bih=974#imgrc=FWpeRjFtwyW4ZM: