Agovernmental health agency can be an international, national, state, orlocal agency that gets its funding through the tax dollars paid by citizens.
This funding is monitored by people appointed to do so by the government. Anexample of a government health agency would be the Department of Health andHuman Services (HHS). A quasi-governmental health agency is a mix between agovernmental health agency and a non-governmental agency.
They can be fundedseveral ways. Some of this funding includes (but is not limited to) communityfundraising effort, special allocations from government bodies, fees forservices rendered, and donations. An example of a quasi-governmental healthagency is the American Red Cross. Typically, a non-governmental health agency receives itsfunding privately. This private funding is often times given through donations.Non-governmental health agencies all have the common goal of providing anagency for needs that required more attention.
The typology of non-governmentalpublic health organizations includes voluntary organization (ex: AmericanCancer Society), nongovernmental organizations (ex: Partners for Health),social and faith-based organizations (ex: Rotary Club – Campaign againstPolio), professional organization (ex: American Public Health Association),philanthropic foundations (ex: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation), andintergovernmental organizations (ex: World Health Organization). A 501c3 status is typically gained when you have nonprofitorganization. This status allows for the exemption of certain taxes. There are plethora of roles and responsibilities the localhealth department must accomplish. Some roles of a local heath departmentinclude making sure to educate and engage the community about public healthissues. Another role local health departments have are to make sure theyunderstand the health issues affects a particular community and what that meansfor the community as a whole. One of the main responsibilities include demonstratingstrong leadership in that the LHD takes initiate in improving quality andstandards of community member’s health.
There are state laws that required the local heathdepartment to have inspections and provide statistics of findings. Three governance relationships that exists betweenstate and local health departments would include policy development, resourcestewardship, and legal compliance. Policy development would be a governancerelationship that ensures public health is actually improving and being able toconfirm that the agency is following all legal laws. Resource stewardship ismaking sure there are enough available resources to carry out public healthtasks and services. Legal compliance is making sure that all roles andresponsibilities are understood by staff and are being carried outappropriatelyAssessment, Policy Development, Assurance 1. Monitor health status to identifycommunity health problems.2. Diagnose and investigate healthproblems and health hazards in the community.
3. Inform, educate, and empowerpeople about health issues.4.
Mobilize community partnershipsto identify and solve health problems.5. Develop policies and plans thatsupport individual and community health efforts.6. Enforce laws and regulations thatprotect health and ensure safety.7.
Link people to needed personalhealth services and assure the provision of health care when otherwiseunavailable.8. Assure a competent public healthand personal health care workforce.9. Evaluate effectiveness,accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
10. Research for new insights andinnovative solutions to health problems.S.W.O.T stands for strengths, weaknesses,opportunities and threats. A S.
W.O.T allows an individual or organization toanalyze themselves in order to ameliorate their business. There are two maindomains of a S.
W.O.T: internal and external. Internal factors consist ofstrengths and weaknesses and external factors includes threats and opportunities.
A S.W.O.T analysis is useful for organizations because it allows for people tothink critically about their business and learn from each aspect. The NPHPSP is The National Public HealthPerformance Standards Program. It is comprised of 7 partners within the US toameliorate the United States public health systems.
The goal of the NPHPSP is toimprove the quality of public health practice and the performance of publichealth. Organizations use it to better understand health care and to improvehealth care delivery.