Abacais a vital crop in the Philippine economy wherein it is the country’s topexport commodity having an average of US $80 million (Abustan, 2015). Supplying about 87% of theworld’s requirement for its production of cordage, specialty papers, textiles,furniture and fixtures, handicrafts, novelty items, cosmetics and skin careproducts, grocery bags, composites for automotive and construction and otherindustrial applications (Department of Agriculture, n.d). With the abaca’s high demand in the worldmarket, Over-harvesting is a big threat for the said resource in CaragaRegion as one of the top suppliers of the said crop. People tend to harvesthuge amount of Abaca to sustain enough needs for the export that leads to thepoint of diminishing returns. This action can lead to depletion of the naturalresource which it can’t able to recover within a short time frame that canaffect the region to the country’s economic performance for this is a primarysource of income of the country.
Expanding markets, and increasing demand,combined with access and techniques for capture, are causing the exploitationof this resource to its beyond sustainable levels (NewCAPP, n.d). Furthermore,due to the region’s burgeoning human population, Land Conversion occurs which as well is a huge threat for the Abacaproduction in Caraga Region (NewCAPP, n.d).
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority (2015), the populationof the region as of August 2015 was 2,596,709, and this continues to increasecurrent times that became cause for conversion of agricultural lands intoresidential settlements. With this, it can affect the plantation and productionof the crop which results to low supply of high-quality fibers, lack of incomefor the farmers, and decreased export contribution that gives insignificantresults to the country and to the Filipinos (NewCAPP, n.d). Abustan, S.
(2015, July 14). Improved abaca varietiestowards better production. Retrieved from http://www.pcaarrd.dost.
gov.ph/home/portal/index.php/quick-information-dispatch/2572- improved-abaca-varieties-towards-better-productionDepartment of Agriculture. (n.
d). Philippine abacahelps in global environment conservation. Retrievedfrom http://www.
php/archived-articles/19-philippine- abaca-helps-in-global-environment-conservationNewCAPP. (n.d). Threats to Philippine Biodiversity.Retrieved from https://www.
google.com.ph/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&cad=rja&u act=8&ved=0ahUKEwjhotK7lv7XAhWDvbwKHYqNCKEQFgg8MAY&url=https%3A %2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Ffile.PostFileLoader.
html%3Fid%3D577fc624f7b67e 64c97d1e37%26assetKey%3DAS%253A381598529802245%25401467991587878&usg =AOvVaw3lFKxbrJWHew29vsTLXm1lPhilippine Statistics Authority. (2015). Population ofRegion XIII – Caraga (Based on the 2015 Censusof Population). Retrieved from https://psa.gov.ph/content/population-region-xiii- caraga-based-2015-census-population