is a vital crop in the Philippine economy wherein it is the country’s top
export commodity having an average of US $80 million (Abustan, 2015). Supplying about 87% of the
world’s requirement for its production of cordage, specialty papers, textiles,
furniture and fixtures, handicrafts, novelty items, cosmetics and skin care
products, grocery bags, composites for automotive and construction and other
industrial applications (Department of Agriculture, n.d).
With the abaca’s high demand in the world
market, Over-harvesting is a big threat for the said resource in Caraga
Region as one of the top suppliers of the said crop. People tend to harvest
huge amount of Abaca to sustain enough needs for the export that leads to the
point of diminishing returns. This action can lead to depletion of the natural
resource which it can’t able to recover within a short time frame that can
affect the region to the country’s economic performance for this is a primary
source of income of the country. Expanding markets, and increasing demand,
combined with access and techniques for capture, are causing the exploitation
of this resource to its beyond sustainable levels (NewCAPP, n.d).
due to the region’s burgeoning human population, Land Conversion occurs which as well is a huge threat for the Abaca
production in Caraga Region (NewCAPP, n.d).
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority (2015), the population
of the region as of August 2015 was 2,596,709, and this continues to increase
current times that became cause for conversion of agricultural lands into
residential settlements. With this, it can affect the plantation and production
of the crop which results to low supply of high-quality fibers, lack of income
for the farmers, and decreased export contribution that gives insignificant
results to the country and to the Filipinos (NewCAPP, n.d).
Abustan, S. (2015, July 14). Improved abaca varieties
towards better production. Retrieved from http://www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph/home/portal/index.php/quick-information-dispatch/2572- improved-abaca-varieties-towards-better-production
Department of Agriculture. (n.d). Philippine abaca
helps in global environment conservation. Retrieved
from http://www.philfida.da.gov.ph/index.php/archived-articles/19-philippine- abaca-helps-in-global-environment-conservation
NewCAPP. (n.d). Threats to Philippine Biodiversity.
Retrieved from https://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&cad=rja&u act=8&ved=0ahUKEwjhotK7lv7XAhWDvbwKHYqNCKEQFgg8MAY&url=https%3A %2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Ffile.PostFileLoader.html%3Fid%3D577fc624f7b67e 64c97d1e37%26assetKey%3DAS%253A381598529802245%25401467991587878&usg =AOvVaw3lFKxbrJWHew29vsTLXm1l
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2015). Population of
Region XIII – Caraga (Based on the 2015 Census
of Population). Retrieved from https://psa.gov.ph/content/population-region-xiii- caraga-based-2015-census-population