and eradicating human trafficking are important goals for many countries. But
this is not possible due to lack of data on exploitation and the methodologies
currently used to gather data. There is lacking in current established programs
and methods established by NGO and other organization. Quoting ms. Blair, “Trafficking, like poverty, discrimination
and abuse of human rights, wears a woman’s face. We need to improve access to
education to increase (women’s) opportunities and limit their vulnerability to
the false promises of the traffickers” (UNDOC,2006). World banks should conduct impact evaluation of the projects
they are co-participating in. For example, there is use of awareness
campaigns as preventive work on human trafficking , but little evaluation has
been done to ascertain the effectiveness of such campaigns – and to codify good
practices for use elsewhere (clert et al).
In 2005 Clert et
al., have developed a framework for human trafficking. It tells a dynamic model
of pre-movement, movement, exploitation, and post-exploitation, and identification
of the key issues and policy responses at each stage. Some potential areas to
rectify the problems associated with human trafficking are:
There are existing projects and programs that directly
tackle issues relating to nonconsensual exploitation. We need to broaden the
scale and scope of these projects and programs.
Major improvement is required for data-gathering
methodologies, conducting critical research, and launching impact evaluations
with the objective of identifying best practices.
Partnerships of government with NGOs, other
international organizations, other civil society organizations.
The scale and scope
of this work can be expanded. But first we need to help develop a set of good
practices in each area by first launching pilot projects. Something closely
related to this, are social development projects to empower vulnerable groups
who are at risk of exploitation, particularly women and children. In this
regard, NGOs and other civil society organizations might have to be
strengthened to increase their effectiveness as monitors in the fight against
exploitation. Also, migrants should be informed about their rights by
conducting pre-departure orientation seminars. There should be tighter
recruitment regulations which could help to fight transnational trafficking. In
the end, lack of good governance and access to justice lead to business of
exploitation. Thus, strong implementation of law is needed.