Abstract: AIDS Control Organisation estimates that there are

Abstract: The vast majority
of Indian parents, society, and even, The Government give a lot of importance
to Academic Education. However, it’s quite shocking that the sentiments echoed
when it comes to Sex Education is in stark contrast to Academic Education. In
2005-06, the Union Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) in
collaboration with the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), introduced
the Adolescence Education Programme (AEP), whose aim was to provide Sex
Education for secondary and senior secondary students in all state and central
government run schools across the country. This research analysis paper will
make use of existing literature to critically analyse why the AEP failed, the
consequences of not educating teenagers about sex and safe sex practises, and
finally, try and reach a conclusion about whether or not India is finally ready
to incorporate Sex education in Academic Curriculum.

Keywords: Adolescence,

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INTRODUCTION:

In 2010, as per
the UN population fund review, India had the highest number (12 million) of
women who gave birth by the age of 18. According to NFHS 4 data (2015-16), a
little less than 8% of women aged 15-19 are pregnant or mothers, and the use of
contraceptives in married women aged 15-49 dropped from 56.3% to 53.5%. In more
recent statistics, the National AIDS Control Organisation estimates that there
are around 2.5 million adults (15 years and above), and nearly 200,000 kids
(<15 years) who are living with HIV. In a study conducted in Bihar in 2016, 15% of unmarried boys between 15-19 years have engaged in premarital sex. The number stood at 6% for both married and unmarried women in the same age group. And amongst those who had premarital sex, 30% of boys, 5% married girls and 28% unmarried girls had sex with multiple partners within premarital relationships. However, it's shocking to find out that only 20% of unmarried boys, 8% of married girls and less than 1% of unmarried women used condoms. These statistics are not just limited to an isolated instance like the case of Bihar. The story is the same throughout India As a consequence of such unsafe sex practises, the chances of contracting HIV, other STDs and unwanted pregnancies are higher. The abortion rates among teenage girls have increased drastically. Most of these are illegal abortions, and this endangers their life, as most of such abortions are performed in unhygienic conditions. In the Global Context, Sex education has been an integral part of Academic Curricula in many countries. In Germany, it has been integrated since 1970 and the purpose of it was to develop and inculcate health education and sex education and safe sex practices in children. Most developed and even some developing countries like Australia, Ireland, Korea, Singapore, France, Finland, New Zealand, Sweden and others have Sex Education as a compulsory part of their Curriculum. In the United Kingdom, Sex and relationship education was made compulsory in all school across England by the government.