Abstract—Withchanging demands for Digital World, we are day in and out oriented towardsDigital India, a great initiative by Indian Government to promote and help toreduce dark mark of corruption and to help every citizen to be as a part ofdigital society to turn whole nation’s country digitally feasible. With that,there are various needs where today we use paper currency as business exchangeeither it is for producer or consumer or small-scale business orientedcitizens. Plus, this need raises a new change in how we had used currency tillnow. Including Digital Payment, Digital Governmental Services, Digital Walletsetc. This each application need a greater request of stable and secure modelsof hardware as well as software (Online Server). Moreover,travelling is also one of the factor which changes with change of time.Transportation since deal with exchange of paper currency and also ticketingand all can be done online but for government vehicles like DTC, Roadways BusService comes to one end of manual paper work.
So, to overcome the manual paperwork and to reduce corruption or falsity in currency exchange during paymentwhile we travel from Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC Buses), various states’roadways like Haryana Roadways, Punjab Roadways, Himachal Roadways etc. one canopt for one stable as well as secure solution called as “Aadhaar Transport”. So here wetogether introduce a new concept of Digital Payment using just one small module(Smart Card Reader Module) one can practically pay the travel charges freelydirectly from his/her Bank Account by using just one government provided smartcard namely as Aadhaar Transport Card (ATC). Keywords: Database; Smart Transport; Aadhaar Database; Cloud;Gateway.I. IntroductionAadhaar Transport is a new Digital way by which government service of Transportation canbe completely changed to Digital Work likewise we use online wallets and onlineportals for communicating with government which deserves to be a base of aDemocratic Country. In this way why not, we opt for complete digital way andcan give future generation a new way of communicating between each other in allmeans of fields whether it is Transportation, Shopping, Booking Services, etc.
This current research points to the solution of implementation this digitalway. This change will gradually and slowly touch the requirements andfeasibility of transportation. The problem statement only describes the change of manual currencyexchange to digital way of exchanging currency likewise using smart card andmanipulating various transactions involved using linked Aadhaar database, whichindirectly linked to Bank Server. The whole research work and related work canbe summarized under coming sections.
II. LITERATURESURVEYThis research paper is completely based upon the workof Indian Government that will be going to be launched in public as promised byonline sources from government sites. The complete work that was implementedbefore days are as elaborated below. This includes complete description of AadhaarConnectivity, Aadhaar Introduction and applications over various governmentfacilities.Firstly,Aadhaar service was founded by Nandan Nilekani and with the collaboration withDr. Ajay Bhushan Pandey (CEO of UIDAI) on 28th January 2009.
Thefoundation of this unique 12-Digit number identification was only to give everycitizen of nation a unique identification like what a PAN Card or Passport Carddoes.Interestedly,this system arose those days and nowadays to be the world’s largest biometricID system, which successfully helped to enroll over 1.2 billion citizens as of15th August 2017. On the other hand, overall following tabledexpenditure was spent over by government over this project: TABLE I. EXPENDITURE BY UIDAI (BY YEAR) Year of Project Expenditure 2009- 10 ? 262 million 2010- 11 ? 2.
684 billion 2011- 12 ? 11.875 billion 2012- 13 ? 13.387 billion 2013- 14 ? 15.
444 billion 2014- 15 ? 16.153 billion 2015- 16 ? 16.791 billion 2016-17 ? 11.328 billion Total ? 87.
939 billion a. UIDAI Finance and BudgeSection. UIDAI. Retrieved 6 June 2017. Coming days after launch of Aadhaar, many parties ofpolitics get against the concept of this like arising issues that this aadhaarwas also illegally allotted to immigrants which made this project little bitunpopular among various states. And, with coming year of 2014, new governmentsdiscontinued many ministers under Aadhaar Control Unit and thus, discouragedthe project in deep contrast 1.Then, the big revolution in Aadhaar Project came whenNandan Nilekani put forward the merits of this project in front of newlyelected Prime Minister Narender Modi and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on 1stJuly 2014, which changed the view of Aadhaar in each and every citizen ofnation. On 5th July 2014, Prime Minister announced to take over thewhole project under legal supervision and put a proposal of linking Aadhaarwith passports.
With coming days, increase in the enrollments of Aadhaar in regionslike Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand started and with theview to merits of Aadhaar, a high-level review was made on 18th June2015 which accelerated the means and delivery of further benefits andapplications of this platform over nation day by day.Within increase of positive response by nation, on 5thJuly 2015, Arun Jaitley proposed the idea of Aadhaar Mobile, Jan Dhan whichreally move steps towards Digital India Policy. This vast step encourageddevelopers of UID Platform to introduce applications like BHIM App, Aadhaar Payand many more which helps one to send directly money from one account to otheraccount with only authentication of simple Thumb Print over sending of One TimePassword for confirmation.And, Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and otherSubsidies, benefits and services) Act, 2016 was introduced in Parliament overnew Budget Presentation by Jaitley which helped Aadhaar to turnover to be moneybill.On the other hand, many applications were linked andare to link in future by government for various benefits from which some are asfollows:- Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT): In the beginning of August 2011, the launch of linkingof Aadhaar platform with public subsidy and unemployment benefit schemes likeDomestic LPG and National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 was successfullyinitiated. The introduction of linked Aadhaar with LPG and NREGA returned withnew concept Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT),which helps to transfer subsidy money direct to bank account which isAadhaar-linked.
– Aadhaar Biometric Systems: In July 2014, introduction of Aadhaar Enabledbiometric attendance systems (AEBAS) was done in government offices. Thisintroduction of application of Aadhaar really changed the meaning of takingattendance. Since, it helped many offices to have online official attendancedata to be stored at links like attendance.gov.in.Further, in November 2014, External Affairs Ministry announced the mandatoryrequirement of Aadhaar Card for passport holders. Then, in coming months,Electronics and IT Ministry stated to link sim cards with Aadhaar as compulsoryidentification proof so that linking of further projects like Bank Database,Criminal Records and much more can be tracked and checked easily and quickly.
Coming with other uses of Aadhaar platform, Hyderabadregion used Aadhaar linking to ration cards which prompts the duplicate rationcards if occur. With the result of that, 63,932 ration cards were in whitecategory and over 2,29,757 names were removed between July 2012 and September2014 2.Moreover, these days government is trying to link eachand every facility with Aadhaar Platform so that full authentication of whitecategory in every field can be counted and full corruption can be eliminatedwith these little and impacted steps. These includes linking with ElectricityBill, Water Bill, DigiLocker, Passport, Pensions, Insurance, Income Tax, MobileNetwork SIM Cards.
These changes will really take place an enormous flight tonew Digital India which will be going to setup all things over online and hugecloud servers. As explained by 3, the use of Aadhaar with BiometricAuthentication is really a quick way for Indian Railways Ticket Booking.However, one application which will really easy thelife of every citizen is the linking of Aadhaar system with Transport Facilitylike Roadways, Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC), Delhi Metro Rail Corporation(DMRC). This type of facility has been taken in contrast in many ministries toraise this project but yet under progress and review process.III. METHODOLOGYBefore digging in the actual methodology let’s have a look onthe basic architecture of AT System (Aadhaar Transport System) which can beused to manipulate the required Ticket charges.A. Hardware Description of AadhaarTransport This Smart Transport consists of BusOperator Authentication with Traveler Card Authentication which combinedlyresults into a stable and quick ticket cutter.
As Fig 1 points to the basicdepiction which describes the basic functioning and let’s explore with thebasic use case diagram how one will interact as shown in Fig 2. Fig 1. Symbolic Block Diagram of Smart Transport System Here, in Fig 1: the basic parts of ATCSystem are as follows:The Use case can be gone through asbelow:- Signing in Bus: Firstly, In themorning when bus operators are allotted a Bus, with that only they can Enterthe bus by scanning and their smart card attached on entrance gate and thatsmart card can also automatically be configured what is source place and whatare the various stops with destination place assigned pre-operating the bus.
– Bus Server: Secondly, the bus machine would beconnected to a Bus Server which is indirectly connected to various bank serverthat stores various citizen’s accounts to which Aadhaar Database is linked.Now, the Bus Server will contain the Bus_Id , Bus_Number, Bus_Cooperation,Bus_Source, Bus_Destination, Bus_Operator_Id, Bus_No_Of_Stops.With that, when the Bus operator while signing in will connecthis account to his aadhaar database and proper logs will be taken of variouscustomers who have travelled through given Bus_Id which will be unique as perscanned Bus_operator_Id through Operator’s smart card.- Traveler Enrollment: With as simpleenrollment as Delhi Metro Cooperation does to enroll travelers in Metro stationusing Metro Smart Card, similarly this ATC will contain respective Traveler_Id,Traveler_Name, Traveler_Mobile, Traveler_Address, Traveler_Account.
Here theTraveler_Account will be as a reference to Aadhaar_Id related with AadhaarDatabase and simultaneously Aadhaar_Id will be linked to bank Server’sDatabase. Fig2. Block Diagram of Allocation andRegistration of Driver Secondly,let us take a scenario where this methodology stands itself worthy working asdescribed below:Scenario 1: A person “Ram” is going from New Delhito Nearby city let’s say, Sonipat, Haryana (around 80 KM). And, he planned toboard on Haryana Roadways from Inter State Bus Terminal, New Delhi (BusCorporation of New Delhi) and which costs him Rs. 40.
But, the problem arosehere, is that he has to use paper currency with no proper validity of seatnumber he received from bus ticket counter of Sonipat.Beforemany days, the bus service was not often regular due to harsh traffic betweenSonipat and New Delhi. So, to eliminate the problem Ram has to wait for verylong hours in the queue of ticket counter for the ticket in Bus.Now, ifthis type of scenario of waiting for long hours can be eliminated with thecurrent proposed methodology, so the scenario will be changed completely toautomate system.Likewise,there will be no human sitting over ticket counter and each ticket for everyperson will be done using ATC given to Ram (in this case) and the cost ofticket will be completely and exact deducted from Ram’s Bank Account linkedwith Aadhaar Card wirelessly. So, theneed of paper currency as well as waiting for long hours will be shorten sinceautomate system will establish fast and secure system of giving tickets totravelers and will give no place for harsh conditions while allotting a persona seat.In thisway, the proposed system gives a automated, secured and fast way to completethe ticket system, allocation of Bus to particular Bus Driver and Conductor.
All tickets of these types of transportation services will be paperless andwill be accommodated with wireless ticket generation which can be linked withandroid application which will be helping in validation of buying a ticket onparticular assigned seat.B.Software Description of Aadhaar Transport Now,coming to next condition, that when the ticket has been assigned to traveler byATC from the ticket counter, the ticket digitally get stored in portableconnected android application which we here named as “Travel Sathi” which will store the tickets being taken for theparticular trip.However,the need of this application arises when one has to validate the ticket withproper seat number allotted in paperless way. The working of this software partof Aadhaar Transport will be likewise as explained below: Fig3.
Working Block of Information Exchange. Asreferred by Fig 3., the working of scanning and allotting ticket to traveler issomewhat like this to be taken:Firstly, the traveler will go to ticket counterand then scans his thumb print to authenticate himself with Aadhaar Databasesituated over cloud database shown as above. After verifying the thumb print,the cloud database returns the traveler’s Name, Address and some details whichare automatically fetched by Database with wireless connection to BankDatabase, then required money will be deducted from bank account, with successfulcompletion of generation of Digital Ticket.Secondly, the Digital Ticket that is generatedvia the transaction above is stored as a value under the traveler’s Id indatabase, which wirelessly connected with Traveler’s Android Application,(named here “Travel Sathi”), whichover internet connection, will show up the digital ticket bought recently bytraveler. This step validates confirmation for the complete generation BusTicket.
Withthat, Conductor after completion of whole seats for his bus, conductor caneasily manipulate the result of number of ticket sold in his AndroidApplication and can verify with the number of seats are being allotted by theTicket Counter Scanner or not. Fig4. Functioning Block Diagram ofTransaction Management using Aadhaar Transport Card. As shownfrom Fig 4.
, the given block diagram describes the use of Aadhaar TransportCard, when the user is not applicable for having android device or scanning histhumb print over Ticket Counter.Thismethod gives working likewise as follows:Firstly, the very initial stage of bus transportbegins with allocation of particular bus to conductor and driver. This is donerespectively by assigning particular Aadhaar Transport Card (ATC) to conductorfrom the Transportation Service. This card is helpful while authenticating thebus with that particular conductor or Driver to whom the bus is beingallocated. So, with that initially the conductor authenticate himself with thatbus to give permission for selling the tickets for the route for what theconductor is supposed to follow. The Authentication here follows with theinsertion of Conductor’s Data likewise as taken from Fig 1.
And, with that bankaccount for the respected conductor takes open incoming of requests oftraveler’s digital money when he will buy one.Secondly, coming to scanning and buying oftickets by Travelers, gives us the usage of Traveler’s ATC. The process goeslike when Traveler reaches to Ticket Counter, he will scan his ATC with themachine/hardware allotted to that counter and which will deduct the respectiveamount from traveler’s bank account from linked Aadhaar Credentials stored overcloud database. Then, the generation of Ticket comes with the printing workfrom that ATC Scanner Hardware.However,this method is sometimes more resource consuming as compared to the previousmethod as contexed from Fig 3.
This method is optional for those only travelerswho can’t afford Smartphones or who are unable to scans their thumb print.Moreover,the process of today’s scenario is simply solved using these low power and fastsystem hardware and software.IV. CONCLUSIONS Thecomplete research over Aadhaar Platform and imparting an innovative way forsmart transport, overall results come out to be very worthy if proper utilizationof this research be implemented on some higher platform with proper databasemanagement and linking with various services as explained above in study canchange the way one travels through various government transport facilities.
This will help to establish below features:- Secureand Managed Transport System.- SecureLinked Services.- Establishmentof innovative Aadhaar Transport Card (ATC) System.- FastVerification of Tickets.- FastAllocation of Tickets to Travelers.V. FUTURE WORKThis research paper represents one of theapplication that is applied but as there is still a huge number of applicationsto study which can be further be taken in contrast of study and analysis.
Asthis paper includes only rough sketch of what can be done using AadhaarPlatform by linking to Transport Server. One can study and work upon morebeneficial ideas to explore and increase the usability & feasibility sothat each