Examples: happy, sad, pretty, ugly, slimy, rough, red, green, etc.
Examples: He quickly ran to the bus stop.
She happily opened her birthday presents.
Example: Angry armadillos arrive and attack apples.
Examples: Bird is to feathers, as dog is to _____ (fur).
Doctor is to hospital, as teacher is to _____ (school).
Example: My teacher told me to analyze the poem, then write a paragraph describing the main idea
Example: fat and skinny, young and old, happy and sad, etc.
Example: The Grand High Witch is the meanest witch of all. The reader could develop this argument because she has made a plan to get rid of all the children in the world.
Example: Susan could not find the words to describe what she was feeling; it was difficult for her to articulate her emotions to her family.
Example: Fudge is always upsetting Peter in Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing, but Peter still loves Fudge. The reader knows this because he says, “the little guy really looks up to me, he always wants to do just what I am doing.” The author’s intention is for the reader to know that even when your sibling really upsets you, you still love them.
Example: The author’s purpose for writing her personal narrative was to tell the story of her best friends.
Example: It was snowing outside so school was canceled.
The noisy class could not go outside for recess.
Example: One of the central ideas in Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing is that even though siblings can make you angry, we still love them. I know this is true because even when Peter gets angry with Fudge he says the little guy must really look up to me to want to do everything I do.
Example: The character Luke, in The Witches, showed he was brave when he risked his life to get the potion to change the witches into mice and save other children.
Example: The life cycle of a butterfly is: egg, caterpillar, chrysalis, butterfly.
Example: The Grand High Witch is the most evil witch of all. I know this because it states in the book that she created a magic potion to get rid of all children in the world.
Example: The dog is brown. The dog has shaggy fur.
COMBINED sentence: The dog has shaggy, brown fur.
Example: Moths and butterflies have wings, fly, have a similar life cycle, are insects, etc.
Example: Complete the math problem 4 + 4 =
Answer: The completed math problem 4 + 4 = 8.
Example: My composition on how to care for a dog was only five paragraphs long.
Example: I could not comprehend what the man was saying because he was speaking a language I did not know.
Example: After reading Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing, I could conclude that Fudge looked up to his older brother. I know this is true because he always tried to do everything like his brother Peter.
Example: She was able to draw a conclusion that dolphins are smart animals after reading the article because dolphins can use tools, communicate, and be trained by people.
Example: A text to self connection I can make is between Sheila from Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing and a girl that used to be in my fourth grade class. Both girls were always bossy and acted like know-it-alls which made it difficult for them to make friends.
Example: The contents of the article on horses talked about their size, diet, and how to care for a horse.
Example: One main difference of moths and butterflies is that moths fly at night while butterflies fly during the day.
Example: I created a text-to-self connection between Sheila from Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing and a girl I knew in fourth grade by comparing some similarities between the character in the book and the person I knew.
Example: The superhero was able to demonstrate her power of speed reading by finishing a 1,000 page book in less than a minute!
Example: The poet described the autumn leaves on the tree as flames in a fireplace, a mix of reds, yellows, oranges, and golds all swaying together.
Example: Without details the Harris Burdick pictures would not be as creepy or interesting.
Example: A grizzly bear can determine when it’s time to hibernate based on changes in the weather.
Example: He was able to develop a strong argument for getting a new bike when he showed his parents he was responsible by completing all of his chores, getting good grades in school, and being well-behaved.
Example: It is important to discuss problem with friends with your family so they can help you to find a solution.
Example: It is important to distinguish facts from fiction so you learn the truth and not lies.
Example: When you are writing it is important to make sure you elaborate your thoughts using details and examples.
Example: When you engage the reader, you have done your job as a writer. The person reading your work is now excited and wants to learn more!
Example: Even though the story was sad, the author was able to entertain me with his writing so much that I continued to read it even as I cried.
Example: I used my research to help me write my essay on Albert Einstein. While researching and writing my essay I discovered that Einstein was a C student, he even received Ds and Fs!
Example: I needed to carefully evaluate which resources I would use for my report, because I found that some of them were filled with errors.
something or support a conclusion
Example: I used the evidence or clues in the text to determine how the main character. I could tell he was scared when he hid under his bed and tried to not make any sounds.
Example: I was able to expand my schema by reading more books about the Civil War.
Example: After reading the article, I was able to explain that even though blue whales can grow to be over 110 feet long and weigh up to 348,000 pounds, they only eat krill which are about the size of my thumb!
Example: Even without using words, the toddler was able to express his anger by stamping her feet and screaming.
Example: It is a well-known fact that during the winter temperatures are usually cold.
Example: I am so hungry I could eat a horse. This means I am very hungry, not that I am actually going to eat a horse!
Example: In the story Little Red Riding Hood, her mother warns her not to to stray from the path, talk to strangers, and be careful of the wolf. When Little Red talks to the wolf, the author is giving the reader a clue that something bad is going to happen next because she did not listen to her mother.
Example: After I read the story I had enough information to generate my answer to the test question.
Example: The ice cream sundae was so tall it reached a mile into the sky. The extreme exaggeration is that no matter how big of an ice cream sundae a person could make it would be impossible for it to reach a mile into the sky.
Example: I studied the size and color of the egg and could hypothesize that it was laid by a chicken.
Example: I was able to identify that the reason the water did not overflow from the cup was that it was being held in by surface tension.
Example: Race against the clock. (Means to be in a very big rush, not running a race with a clock.)
Get over it. (Means to move on from something, not climbing over the word it.)
Example: John hears a smoke alarm and smells burnt bacon. John can infer that something is burning in the kitchen.
Example: The author wrote the article on people driving a car while texting to try to inform people that this is a dangerous behavior.
Example: I can interpret the definition of the unknown word by using the context clues in the sentence.
Example: The key ideas of the paragraph tells me the most important information in the paragraph.
Example: She has butterflies in her stomach.
(Literal Meaning: She actually has butterflies flying around inside her stomach.)
(Figurative or Non-Literal Meaning: She is nervous.)
Example: I can locate the definition of an unknown word in a dictionary.
Example: I looked up the definition, or meaning, of the unknown word in the dictionary.
Example: She is the shining star of our school. (Meaning she does well in school and is very liked, not that she is actually a star shining.)
When he saw the bear in front of him, he froze with fear. (Meaning he was so scared he could not move, not that he actually turned to ice.)
Example: When I read the newspaper article about a little girl finding her family after the tornado I felt happy.
Example: I wrote a narrative about my trip to Alaska and finding a bear salmon fishing in a pond.
Example: The little boy drank the milk. (The nouns in the sentence are boy (person) and milk (thing).)
Example: It is my opinion that students should be able to have recess everyday to use up some energy and play with their friends.
Example: After writing my story, I went back to revise my writing so I could organize my thoughts in a chronological order.
Example: “Night or owl monkeys are strictly nocturnal.”
In my own words: Night or owl monkeys are only active during the nighttime.
Example: To find the answer to the test question, I needed to reread the passage of text.
Example: Lightning danced across the sky. (Lightning is not alive and therefore could not dance.)
Example: In my essay, Should Students Have Candy At School, I tried to persuade the reader that all students should be allowed to have candy at school.
Example: The story mountain I made for my fiction writing allowed me to have a detailed plot filled with exciting events.
Example: She went to her best friend’s house to study. They went outside and rode their bikes for 20 minutes then went back to the house to study. (third-person point of view)
2. “Do you love candy?” I asked my friend Roxis. (first-person point of view)
Example: disagree – “dis” is the prefix which means not, so disagree means to not agree
I disagree with you. Dogs are not able to fly!
Example: I could make connections to the book about whales because I had just returned from a trip to the aquarium where I learned some interesting facts about whales.
Example: On the NJASK, the prompt said to write about a time I had to keep a secret.
Example: Sally and Jane went to the movies.
WITH a pronoun: They went to the movies.
Example: I always provide the reader enough information about what I am writing about because I always use details and examples to support my work.
Example: The purpose of school is to learn and grow as a person so children become successful adults.
Example: In my report about Barack Obama, I included a quote he said about learning from mistakes, “You can’t let your failures define you — you have to let your failures teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently the next time.”
Example: The directions told me to refer to the text to find the answer to the question. I did refer to the text, found the information I needed and got the question correct!
I included many details about orangutans because I used my reference books carefully and found the best facts to share.
Example: I was able to retell all of the events about the assembly because I paid close attention to what was presented while I was there.
Example: Every night I review my information about the branches of the government so I make sure I learn all the information before the test.
Example: If I take away the prefix “dis-” from the word disagree, I am left with the root word agree.
Example: The nonfiction book was written in different sections, each one had a subheading so I knew just where to look to find my information.
Example: I looked over the answer choices carefully, reread the text, and then I was able to select the best answer.
Example: The sequential order of the events for making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich are: 1. Get bread, peanut butter, jelly, a plate and a knife. 2. Spread peanut butter and jelly on the bread. 3. Put the two slices of bread together. 4. Eat and enjoy! YUM!
Example: The setting for many of the main events in the book Polar Express is aboard the train during the night before Christmas.
Example: Her eyes were shining like stars in the sky.
Example: I wanted to make sure my answer was clear, so I used specific details to make a movie in the reader’s mind.
(stanza 1) I’m happy to say that today is the day.
I’m super excited. I’m shouting, “Hooray!”
(stanza 2) I woke up delighted and ready to go.
My mind is abuzz and my eyes are aglow.
(“Today is the Day” by: Kenn Nesbitt)
Example: I will refer to an earlier statement that President Obama made, “You can’t let your failures define you — you have to let your failures teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently the next time.”
Example: preventable- “able” is the suffix which means able to be, so preventable means to be able to make something not happen.
The accident was preventable, all he had to do was look both ways before going into the street.
Example: I suggest that everyone try their best everyday and the reward will be success in whatever you try to do.
Example: “Life with his little brother, Fudge, makes Peter Hatcher feel like a fourth grade nothing. Whether Fudge is throwing a temper tantrum in a shoe store, smearing mashed potatoes on the walls at Hamburger Heaven, or trying to fly, he’s never far from trouble. He’s an almost three-year-old terror who gets away with everything, and Peter’s had it up to here! When Fudge walks off with Dribble, Peter’s pet turtle, it’s the last straw. Peter has put up with Fudge for too long. Way too long! How can he get his parents to pay attention to him for a change?”
Example: I can support my claim that students receive better grades when they study because I have seen this happen in my classroom hundreds of times over the years I have been teaching.
Example: Synthesizing is like baking a cake, you put all the different ingredients (parts) together to make a whole new thing (a cake).
Example: Themes are big ideas. The theme in “The Ugly Duckling” is to have patience (good things come to those who wait), have self-confidence (believe in yourself and don’t worry about what others think of you) and individuality (it’s awesome to be you, even if that means you are different than everyone else).
First Person Example: “I did that. I went there. I thought that.”
third person – you are observing the character as he or she experiences his or her adventures
Third Person Example: “He did that. She went there. He thought that.”
Example: “…the next minute, Winn Dixie looked like a furry bullet, shooting across the the building, chasing the mouse. They really went wild when Winn Dixie actually caught the mouse.”
(The author’s tone is excitement and enthusiasm, this helps the reader feel an excited mood when reading the story.)
Example: I had a great time at my friend’s birthday party! First we played some games, I won three prizes. We ate cake and ice cream and we watched my friend open presents. I can’t wait to go to another party!
(The topic sentence is “I had a great time at my friend’s birthday party!”)
Examples: I ran across the street. (action)
She has become so mean. (occurrence)
They will be excited at the surprise party. (state of being)
Example: I was able to visualize the witches changing into mice in the book The Witches because Roald Dahl wrote such a vivid and detailed passage.