Additionally, the Corporation and Verification Mechanism was introduced by European Commission since Romania joined EU in 2007, due to Romania still had progress to make in the fields of judicial reform and corruption. EU wanted to shows the EU’s commitment to see the Romania develop the effective administrative and judicial systems needed to deliver on the obligations of EU membership and ensure correct application of EU laws, policies and programs. The Progress on judicial reform and corruption will also allow Romanians to enjoy their full rights as EU citizens. The benchmarks for Romania is to deal with the effectiveness and transparency of the judicial system, key institutions in areas like integrity and the fight against corruption at all levels, and corruption prevention (European Commission, 2017). In 2015, European Commission have concerned over Romania government’s reforms that still weak and slow due to the lack of implementation of law transparency of information and decision making process, to monitor corruption and conflicts interests, which lead to the suspend of EU funds of 1.1 billion dollar (OCCRP, 2015).
The mechanism on promoting democracy in Romania is not very effective, due to the fact that Romania still remain as one of the most corrupt country within the European Union (Transparency, 2016). Furthermore, corruption was cited among many issues that provoke the social unrest between 2012 and 2015. This unrest escalate into a public uproar and protest throughout the country in 2017 when the Romanian government propose a bill to pardon certain committed crimes and the modification of criminal code provision regarding the abuse of power (Post, 2017). The result of the protest sees the resignation of minister of justice and a dismissal of the newly elected government, which lead to an early election (Byrne, 2017).
To conclude, there is still failed commitment especially from some of the Eastern Europe countries, to combat their corruption that considers being the obstacle to promote democracy in region.