ADDITIVE JACKFRUIT LEAVES AS LIQUID HAND SOAP__________________________________________________________________ A Research Paper Presented to the Faculty of Science,Technology and Engineering (STE) ProgramBatasan Hills National High SchoolIBP Road, Batasan Hills, Quezon City__________________________________________________________________ Is Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of Research IV__________________________________________________________________ Researcher:Totañes, Ma. Teresa D.7STE CassiopeiaJanuary 2018Chapter I Background of the studyThe researcher came up of this study to use and to know the ability of the nutrients of the Jackfruit leaves. It can be mostly found dried everywhere these days. The researcher also found out that there are many nutrients that the Jackfruit leaves have that many people were not aware of. After they use its fruit the leaves were just being thrown away or set aside. These leaves contains nutrient such as: Potassium, Iron, Calcium and rich in vitamins and minerals which can be a good care and safe for the skin. This would be a good option because these acts like a moisturizer that can help to soften or moisturize the skin. The researcher wants to share the effectiveness of Jackfruit leaves as a moisturizer, and to lessen the dried leaves falling everywhere, that can man save and use it for a better purpose.Statement of the ProblemWhat are the active components does the Jackfruit Leaves haveCan Jackfruit leaves be utilize as an additive for liquid hand soapSignificance of the studyNowadays, moisturizers are most use by humans after they take a bath or before they go to sleep to nourished their skin soft, glowing and velvety smooth and to protect their skin away from getting dry. Many people can’t afford buying liquid hand soaps or moisturizer due to the expensive prices that you can found at the supermarkets or stores, without using liquid hand soap or any kind of moisturizer, roughness of hands or any kind of skin rashes or other skin diseases can affect your hands.Assumption of the StudyThe researcher expected that if the Jackfruit leaves are not withered the more it contains more vitamins and nutrients that can help for our skin. The researcher also added that if you put some coconut oil it is more helpful to make liquid hand soap, since the coconut oil is known for its natural antibacterial and antifungal, and to soothe dry hands and to shine objects or even a skin.Scope and LimitationThe Jackfruit leaves can only be used as an additive in this topic, with the help of melted bar soap , coconut oil and water can a single liquid hand soap be made. The finished product can only be used by those people who doesn’t have rashes, sunburn or any kind of skin diseases because of the possibility that it can make their skin more irritable or even worse. Also, only fresh and not dried or withered leaves cannot be used in making a liquid hand soap caused by their nutrients are already extinct. The researcher prohibits to use those people who have a sensitive skin especially to those who have allergies in skin.Definition of TermsThe researcher found that the Jackfruit leaves contains numerous nutrients such as: Potassium that keeping the cells hydrated and skin internally moisturized, Iron which known to retain the luster, shine and moisture, Calcium that generates new skin cells to replace old ones and how quickly it sheds old skin cells and more. The researcher also use half of a bar soap to make the liquid hand soap, while the coconut oil is used because it is more applicable and safe to apply and use for a hands or other external uses.Chapter IIReview of Related LiteratureShrikant Basalingappa Swami, N. J. Thakor, P. M. Haldankar, S. B. Kalse (2012) in their article ¨Jackfruit and Its Many Functional Components as Related to Human Health”: A Review¨ Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) trees belong to the family Moraceae. They grow abundantly in India, Bangladesh, and in many parts of Southeast Asia. It is one of the most significant evergreen trees in tropical areas and widely grown in Asia including India. Jackfruit is gluten-free and casein-free, thus offer systemic anti-inflammatory benefits to skin. Jackfruit also contains antioxidants and has vitamin C, flavonoids, potassium, magnesium and fiber. Vitamin C is vital to the production of collagen, a protein that provides skin with structure and gives it its firmness and strength (Babitha and others 2004). The researcher found out that Jackfruits (A. heterophyllus) are commonly known to be a nutritious fruit and so its seed and leaves. Many benefits of Jackfruit leaves (A.heterophyllus) can give to us such as: ¨Antioxidants prevent premature aging¨ Jackfruit leaves beneficial in preventing premature aging. Antioxidants contained in jackfruit leaves have benefits to counteract free radicals in our body so that it can prevent premature aging.¨Lifting the dead skin cells¨ Jackfruit leaves can also be used as a natural beauty care products. How to use that jackfruit leaves processed into a mask. Take a few pieces of jackfruit leaves that are not too young nor too old. Clean the first jackfruit with rinsed with water, then puree in a way jackfruit leaves pounded. After a smooth, use a mask as a mask jackfruit leaves the skin all over your face. Do it this way on a regular basis every single week for maximum results.- According to Thereligionofnothing.blogspot.com.According to Patrick Boshell (2013) 1 in 5 people don’t wash their hands and of those that do only 30% use soap. The result – fecal matter including bacteria such as E. coli can be found on just over a quarter of our hands according to a new study by hygiene experts from Queen Mary University of London. The researcher also found out that there are alot of people in the Philippines who don’t use any kind of soap or moisturizer after they touched things that are not clean enough.Related StudiesBathrooms are the places in our lives where bacteria really gather together to plot their next move — that’s why the average person has 200 million bacteria per square inch on their hands after using the bathroom.(Gabrielle Moss 2016)some also in the public comfort room have no faucet or soap, in which can a single person cannot washed their hands off after they using the toilet. The effect of these can affect your hands, and result a bacteria that can give you illnesses. In fact, there are illnesses can affect your body when you don’t washed your hands, Cholera is known disease due to the bacteria that is passed and passed by person, and once a person intake food or water that got too much bacteria it can result to them to have this kind of disease. Chapter IIIMethod of ResearchThe researcher will use a qualitative research on this study to know if Jackfruit leaves can be utilize as an additive for liquid hand soap by gathering data from the 5 days test using the liquid hand soap as a new alternate soap for the said days to observe and record the changes until the final outcome. The researcher will perform extraction of Jackfruit leaves (Artocarpus heterophyllus) through boiling process. The researcher chose extraction because it is more applicable to do in getting the extract of the Jackfruit leaves (A.heterophyllus).Subject of the StudyThe researcher will conduct a test on 5 chosen students of Batasan Hills National High School from Grade 7. Each one respondent will represent their section: TechVoc, SPA, Cassiopeia, Regular and Andromeda.Data Gathering ProcedureThe researcher have prepared all the materials that is needed for the study. Two cups is already filled with water and let it boil for a couple of minutes. Once the water starts getting warmer the researcher add the torn Jackfruit leaves (Artocarpus heterophyllus) into pieces in a pot. The researcher waited until the boiling water turns green. Through boiling the researcher can collect the extract of Jackfruit leaves (A. heterophyllus). After getting the extract of the Jackfruit leaves (A. heterophyllus) the researcher placed it in a container and let its temperature to cool down. Also, after chopping half of a bar soap the researcher bring 4 cups of water and let it boil on the stove for minutes, until there’s no solid part of the soap left in the pot. Still, place it a container and let it cool down for a while. Once the bar soap is already melted, the researcher add about 2 teaspoon of coconut oil and combined it with the melted bar soap and with the extract of Jackfruit Leaves (A.heterophyllus). The researcher combined all of the materials needed on the study and placed it in a dispenser.