Aim: To compare the differences in housing and theenvironmental quality of the inner city area -the Gorbals and the suburban area–Newton Mearns Greenlaw development.
The Gorbals is an inner city land use zone, which is locatedat the South of the River Clyde. The inner city land use zone is a mixed landuse. It is made up of old tenements style housing, a few remaining high riseflats, old industrial areas, derelict areas and brownfield sites which arecleared sites awaiting new developments. It is a zone which is undergoingredevelopment and change to try and improve its reputation and appearance. It is therefore called the ‘zone of transition’. The Burgess Concentric Ring Model of land uses in citiesshows that cities grow outwards in a series of concentric rings of land use. TheCBD in the middle is the historical centre around which the city expanded.
Thenthe next ring is the inner city, a low class housing (inner suburbs) andindustrial area, then the middleclass housing (outer suburbs) and the commuter suburbanzone is at the outer ring. This zone is also called the rural urban fringe, becauseit continues to grow into the rural countryside. The burgess model was based upon the city ofChicago and was created by Ernest Burgess, a sociologist in 1925. The model is based upon the geographical economic theoryknown as the bid-rent theory. The theorydiscuss to the idea on how the price, the demand for land changes with distancefrom the CBD and the quality of the housing and environment as well. In The CBD, the land is most expensive and in high demand.Shops and offices can only afford the high prices of the land. Businesses wantthe most accessible location, the high people flows and the most profitablesites.
The buildings are often high storey buildings. The inner city areas havea mix if industry, terrace/tenement housing and flats. Nonetheless the furtheryou move away from the CBD, the less willing commercial business become the morewilling industry because on the edge of towns (the suburbs) there is more landavailable for expansion if needed, therefore residential land use is found. In Greenlaw Development, the houses are variedin a mix of housing styles. They are bigger detached family houses in quiet,curved streets with cul-de-sacs and separated from the main roads, making itsafer for families.
Other developers like to build out of town shopping centresto compete with the shops in the CBD. Out of town locations attracts morepeople than the congested and out of date shop units in the CBD, boosting itsbusiness. Yet again the further you move from the CBD, the price, demandand quality of housing changes because the land is cheaper developers can buildlarger homes, with gardens and garages. These areas are at the rural urbanfringe so there is also access to parks, golf courses and leisure areas.