Alexander Pope and His Writing

Pope the Poet
Alexander Pope was the most important poet of the early 18th century.

Neoclassic Poet
Because Pope translated classical works of literature and used them as the models for his own original works, he is sometimes called a neoclassic poet.

Presents classical subject matter in a NEW style derived from CLASSICAL Greek and Roman style

Pope’s Satire
Pope’s early successes inspired envy in lesser writers who ridiculed him. To defend himself he used satire.

A type of writing that ridicules human weakness, vice (bad habits), or folly (foolishness) in order to bring about social reform.

Pope as a Man
Pope was, and still is, both loved and hated.

Pope’s Reputation
In his lifetime and long after, Pope had a reputation for cruelty, malice, and being ill-natured.

Pope’s Writerly Friends
Pope’s writerly friends found him to be good-natured, generous, and brilliant in conversation.

Purpose of Poetry
For the writers of Pope’s time, the purpose of poetry was both TO PLEASE and TO INSTRUCT.

Widely Quoted
With the exception of Shakespeare, Pope is probably the most widely quoted writer in English literature.

Pope’s Writing Method
In addition to using SATIRE, Pope habitually expressed himself in ANTITHESIS.

Use of parallel structure to present a balanced contrast (difference).
Example: Give me liberty or give me death.

Heroic Couplet
Two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter

Closed Couplet
Two rhyming lines of poetry that express a thought in a complete sentence

Iambic Pentameter
Al line of poetry made up of five iambs. An iamb is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.