Any single line of poetry or any composition written in separate lines of more or less regular rhythm, in contrast to prose.
The restatement in one’s own words of what one understands a poem to say or suggest.
A brief condensation of the main idea or plot of a work.
The main topic of a work, whatever the work is about.
A generally recurring subject or idea noticeably evident in a literary work.
A short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often written in first person.
A poem that tells a story, Ballads and Epics
A poem written as a speech made by a character at some decisive moment.
A poem intended to teach a moral lesson or impart a body of knowledge.
The mood or manner of expression in a literary work, which conveys an attitude toward the work’s subject.
Poetry that blends criticism with humor to convey a message, usually through the use of irony.
A fictitious character created by an author to be the speaker of a literary work. Latin for mask.
In language, a discrepancy between what is said and what is meant.
A mode of expression in which the speaker or writer says the opposite of what is really meant.
A style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target.
A situation in which the larger implications of character’s words, actions, or situation are unrealized by that character but seen by the author and the reader of the audience.
The contrast between a character’s position or aspiration and the treatment he or she receives at the hands of seemingly hostile fate, also called irony of fate.
Word choice or vocabulary.
Words that specifically name or describe things or persons.
Words that express general ideas or concepts.
Any language deemed suitable for verse or elevated language intended for poetry rather than common use.
A brief reference in a text to a person.
The lowest level of diction, the language of the common people.
The casual or informal but correct language of ordinary native speakers.
The ordinary speech of educated native speakers.
The heightened, impersonal language of educated persons, usually only written.
A particularly variety of language spoken by an identifiable regional group or social class of persons.
The literal, dictionary meaning of a word.
An association or additional meaning that a word, image, or phrase may carry, apart from its literal denotation.
A word or series of words that refers to any sensory experience.
The collective set of images in a poem or other literary work.
A Japanese verse form that has three unrhymed lines of five, seven and five syllables.
A comparison of two things, indicated by some connective, usually like, as, or than.
A statement that one thing is something else, which, in a literal sense, it is not.
A metaphor that uses neither connectives nor the verb to be.
The combining of two or more incompatible metaphors, resulting in ridiculousness.
The endowing of a thing, an animal, or an abstract term with human characteristics.
A direct address to someone or something.
Also called a hyperbole.
An ironic figure of speech that deliberately describes something in a way that is less than the case.