An tricked into believing that we have more

An energy
drink is a beverage that contains ingredients to increase the drinker’s energy.
They may or may not be carbonated. Most of the popular energy drinks contain
ingredients such as caffeine, B vitamins, and various types of sugars while
some may contain certain ingredients like taurine, glucuronolactone, guarana,
ginseng, ginkgo biloba extract and L-carnitine. Caffeine stimulates neurons in
the brain to keep us alert, releasing adrenaline, which sends a signal to the
liver to pump more glucose into the bloodstream. With more glucose in the
bloodstream and body, our brain is tricked into believing that we have more
energy than we really do. Adrenaline makes heart beats faster and dilates the
eyes. Energy drinks can cause some people to miss sleep since caffeine blocks
the effects of adenosine, a brain chemical that helps us sleep and that can
lead to insomnia, interfering with the ability to perform concentration heavy
tasks. Consuming too much caffeine can produce a diuretic effect, which is also
a cause of dehydration, anxiety, and irritability from too much of the
stimulant. Also panic attacks and migraine headaches can occur from the
caffeine withdrawal. Taurine, an amino acid, regulates skeletal muscle
contraction and may reduce exercise-induced damage thus encouraging improved
athletic performance. Also normal people who drink many energy drinks will have
increased heart rates up to an hour later. People with certain heart problems
can undergo cardiac arrest after having too many energy drinks. There is a study
which shows the connection between energy drinks and cardiac problems. Another
component, glucuronolactone claims to favor the body’s natural defense
mechanism but little research has been done and so it is still unknown whether
this compound is harmful or beneficial .B vitamins are water-soluble vitamins
required as coenzymes for proper cell function. Because of the large amounts of
sugar in these energy drinks, B vitamins are needed to transform those sugars
into energy. Guarana is a tropical fruit rich in caffeine and it is used to
increase energy. However, since guarana contains caffeine adding it will
increase the overall amount of caffeine in the energy drinks. Ginseng, a
popular herb, is also included in some energy drinks. Like guarana, the amount
of ginseng in the energy drinks is not enough to cause a striking effect.
Ginkgo biloba extract has been reported to have antioxidant properties.
However, no well-conducted research has shown that it has important clinical
effects on healthy or ill persons. L-Carnitine, a compound made in the liver
and kidneys, increases metabolism. It also increases maximal oxygen consumption
and lower the respiratory quotient, increasing lipid metabolism and affects
recovery from exercise stress. Sugars are the basic currency of energy in the
body, with glucose being the main carbohydrate that can easily be oxidized by
the muscles for energy synthesis. However, long-term exposure of the body to
excesses of simple sugars is associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Over
time, cells become unable to secrete sufficient insulin to maintain normal
blood glucose levels eventually wearing out the insulin-producing cells of the
pancreas, which leads to type 2 diabetes. Heavily consuming these energy drinks
may result in liver or nerve injury, various cardiovascular problems, seizures
and ultimately death. While energy drinks may provide short and rapid effects,
they are not actually good for our body in the long run.