Angela’s Poetry 9 terminology

Poem
Words organized in such a way with a pattern of rhythm, rhyme and/or meaning

Speaker
The person who “talks”in the poem. The speaker is often a created identity.

Narrative
A poem that tells a story May or may not thyme, but they almost always follow the plot structure of a short story.

Ballad
A long poem that tells a story, usually a folk tale or legend, in rhyme. Often set to music.

Concrete
Experiments with the very materials of the poem itself: words, letters, format. Rely heavily on the visual or phonetic to get across their meaning.

Free Verse
Poetry that has no regular pattern of rhythm, thyme o r line length. Experiments with words to create images for the reader.

Lyric
Shorter poems of intense feeling and emotion. Composed in almost any meter and on almost any subject.

Alliteration
Repeats a speech sound in a sequence of words that are close to each other

Onomatopeia
The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named

Metaphor
The comparison of one thing to another without the use of like or as: “A man is but a weak reed”

Personification
Shows how inanimate objects taking on human characteristics

Simile
Figure of speech comparing two unlike things. Often has the words “like”, “as”, or “than.

Figurative Language
Language that contains or uses figures of speech, especially metaphors.

Hyperbole
Poetry that includes the use of over-exaggeration for the purpose of creating emphasis or being humorous, but it is not intended to be taken literally.

Image
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

Imagery
Name given to the elements in a poem that spark off the senses. Images need not be only visual; any of the five senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell) can respond to what a poet writes.

Literal language
Means exactly what it says.

Mood
May be created by a combination of such elements as SETTING, VOICE, TONE and THEME

Oxymoron
Is a combination of two contradictory or opposite words: ex. open secret

Understatement
Figure of speech employed by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is.

Couplet
Is a pair of lines of metre. May be formal (closed) or run-on (open).

Quatrain
A stanza is like a paragraph. Stanza of exactly four lines, often with an alternating rhyme pattern.

Stanza
Grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or different indentation.

Verse/verse paragraph
Formally a single metrical line in a poetic composition. Represent any division or grouping of words in a poetic composition, with groupings traditionally having been referred to as stanzas.

Rhyme
Repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, most often in the final syllables of lines in poems

Rhyme Scheme
Pattern of rhymes at the end of each line of a poem

Rhythm
Expressed through stressed and unstressed syllables.