A figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than the literal. Teaches a lesson through symbolism
consists in repeating the same consonant sound at the beginning of two or more words in close succession
repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, thereby lending them emphasis.
stopping short of a complete thought, leaving the unseaid portion to the reader’s imagination.
address to an imaginary or absent person
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in successive words.
A literary device in which conjunctions are committed from a series of related clauses
audible pause that breaks up a line of verse
A poetic foot consisting of one long and two short vowels.
“to shape like the letter ?”; arrangement of words in an ABBA word order, most common with pairs of nouns and adjectives.
The separation of a vowel, often a diphthong, into two distinct syllables.
The lengthening of short syllables.
A long and drawn out description of a piece of artwork.
The blending of a word that ends in a vowel with a following word that begins with a vowel or a vowel preceded by m
Omission from speech or writing of a word or words that are superfluous or able to be understood from contextual clues
A line that consists of two nouns, two adjectives, and one noun in N1 N2 V A1 A2 form
the enclosure of a line or verse by placing two closely related words, such as a noun or a modifying adjective, at the beginning or end of a word
the continuation of a unit of thought beyond the end of one verse and into the first few feet of the next.
use of two words connected by a conjunction, instead of subordinating one to the other, to express a single complex idea
The avoidance in meter of elision between one word ending in a vowel and another beginning in a vowel
An exaggeration for rhetorical effect
Having one or more syllables than necessary in a line of verse, when a hexameter ends with a syllable that can elide with the first syllable of the next line.
The reversal of the natural or logical order of ideas
The down beat when the poetry is set to music
the use of words with meanings contrary to the situation
a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite (describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, “It was not a pretty picture.”)
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in ‘they counted heads’)
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
using words that imitate the sound they denote
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
repetition of a word in a different case or inflection in the same sentence
the use, for rhetorical effect, of more conjunctions than is necessary or natural
The anticipation of possible objections in order to answer them in advance
the inclusion of something by pretending to omit it (not to mention your salary, but I don’t think you can afford this)
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)
A poetic foot consisting of two long vowels.
interlocking word order (ABAB)
The contraction of a word by omitting one or more sounds from the middle, as in the reduction of never to ne’er
using a part of something to represent the whole thing
The contraction of two words originally belonging to two seperate syllables into one syllable without forming a dipthong
Shortening of a long syllable
A figure of speech in which a word of set phrase is separated into two parts, with other words between them
An adjective modifying one noun although it should modify another (to shake an angry finger)
a series of three words or phrases, building in intensity
use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one