ap lit types of poem quiz

lyric
subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter that reveals a poet’s thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression

narrative
nondramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter that relates a story

sonnet
a rigid 14-line verse form, with variable structure and rhyme scheme according to type

ode
elaborate lyric verse that deals seriously with a dignified theme

blank verse
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter

free verse
unrhymed lines without regular rhythm

epic
a long, dignified narrative poem that gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race

dramatic monologue
a lyric poem in which the speaker tells an audience about a dramatic moment in his life and reveals his character

elegy
a poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual

ballad
a simple, narrative verse that tells a story to be sung or recited: folk is anonymously handed down while literary has a single author

idyll
lyric poem describing the life of the shepherd in pastoral, bucolic, and idealistic terms

villanelle
a French vere form, strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; five tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1, 6, 12, 18 and 3, 9, 15, 19 are refrain

light verse
a general category of poetry written to entertain, such as lyric poetry, epigrams, and limericks. It can also have a serious side, as in parody or satire

haiku
Japanese verse in three lines of give, seven, and five syllables, often depicting a delicate image

limerick
humorous nonsense-verse in five anapestic lines rhyming aabba, a-lines being trimeter and b-lines dimeter

Emily Dickinson, “Because I Could Not Stop for Death”
lyric example

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Kubla Khan”
narrative example

Shakespearean sonnet
three quatrains and concluding couplet in iambic pentameter

Italian/Petrarchan sonnet
an octave and a sestet, between which a break in thought occurs

William Shakespeare, “Shall I Compare Thee?”
Shakespearean sonnet example

John Donne, “Death Be Not Proud”
Italian sonnet example

Percy Shelley, “Ode to the West Wind”; or John Keats “Ode on a Grecian Urn”
ode example

Robert Frost, “Birches”
blank verse example

William Carlos Williams, “The Dance”
free verse example

John Milton, “Paradise Lost;” or Homer, “The Odyssey”
epic example

Robert Browning, “My Last Duchess”
dramatic monologue example

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “In Memoriam A.H.H.”
elegy example

William Butler Yeats, “The Fiddler of Dooney”
ballad example

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “The Idylls of the King”
idyll example

Theodore Roethke, “The Waking”
villanelle example

Lewis Carroll, “Jabberwocky”
Light verse example