AP Literary Terms (lyric – persona)

lyric
a type of poetry that explores the poet’s personal interpretation of and feelings about the world

masculine rhyme
a rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable

melodrama
a form of cheesy theater in which the hero is very, very goo, the villian mean and rotten, and the heroin oh-so-pure

metaphor
a comparison, or analogy that states on thing is another

metaphysical conceit
reserved for metaphysical poems only

metonym
a word that is used to stand for something else that it has attributes of or is associated with.

mood
the atmosphere of the story

nemesis
the protagonist’s arch enemy or supreme and persistent difficulty.

neologism
new word, usually one invented on the spot

non-sequitur
“it does not follow”

objectivity
an impersonal or outside view of events.

Onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean

opposition
a pair of elements that contrast sharply

oxymoron
a phrase composed of opposites; a contradiction

parable
a story that instructs

paradox
a situation or statement that seems to contradict itself, but on closer inspection, does not

parallelism
a rhetorical device used in written and oral compositions since ancient times to accentuate or emphasize ideas or images by using grammatically similar constructions

paraphrase
to restate phrases and sentences in your own words, to re-phrase

parenthetical phrase
a phrase set off by commas that interrupts the flow of a sentence with some commentary or added detail.

parody
the works that results when a specific work is exaggerated to ridiculousness

pastoral
a poem set in tranquil nature or even more specifically, one about shepherds

pathetic fallacy
the description of inanimate natural objects in a manner that endows them with human emotions, thoughts, sensations and feelings.

pathos
when the writing of a scene evokes feelings of dignified pity and sympathy

periodic sentences
not grammatically complete until it has reached its final phrase

persona
the narrator in a non first-person novel.