AP Literature and Composition Poetry Literary Movements

Metaphysical Poets
John Donne, George Herbert, and Andrew Marvell

Metaphysical Poetry Definition
-17th century english poetry-Exhibits introspective meditations on love, death, God, and human frailty-It holds a lot of wit, irony, and paradoxes-Elaborate stylistic maneuvers while contrasting giant scales-Formal tendencies to talk about: time, difficulty of ever being sure, uneasy relationship with one another and with God, fear, and death

Augustans Poets
John Dryden, Alexander Pope, etc

Augustan Poetry Definition
-Known for rhymed, heroic-couplet satire in iambic pentameter- Wit, irony, and paradox are very important to them along with brevity-Ongoing subject is human frailty-Comic effects

Romantic Poets
William Wordsworth, Percy Shelley, John Keats, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Walt Whitman, etc

Romantic Poetry Definition
-Mostly written in 19th Century English/USA poetic mode-Emotional and very descriptive-F.I.

R.E: Freedom, Imagination, Revolution, and Emotion(Key things to look for)-Natural Imagery redeems the imagination of the individual stuck in the crowded city-Human Imagination embodies the escape from society’s structures-Transcendence is their ultimate goal

Symbolists Poets
Oscar Wilde, W.B Yeats, Arthur Symons, and T.S Eliot- English

Symbolists Poetry Definition
-Considered a link between romanticism and modernism as they yearn for transcendence-Decadent/sensual directions which foreshadows sexual frankness-Deal with Dusk/Dawn and also the time between waking/sleeping-Synaesthesia: using one sense to describe another-Drawn to music- Use symbols(DUH)

Modernism Poets
Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams, Hilda Doolittle(H.

D), Marianne Moore, T.S Eliot, and e.e. cummings

Modernism Poetry Definition
-(1912-50s) (WW1-WW2)-Characterized as a revolutionary force-Full of allusions while reducing human experiences to fragments-Influenced by cubism-Try to see many POVs at one time-Individualism, Freedom, Focus on machines-emerging fields of Psych and Sociology

Harlem Renaissance Poets
Paul Laurence Dunbar, Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, and Countee Cullen

Harlem Renaissance Poetry Definition
-1st half of 20th century after WW1 during Great Migration-NYC was most famous african american neighborhoods-Content directly related to African American concerns-Rely on repetitive structure similar to blues lyrics

The Beats Poets
Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, and Gary Snyder

The Beats Poetry Definition
-Post WW2 phenomenon- Full of hallucinogenic, visionary, and anti-government concepts-Mythologizing themselves-Buddhism was super important-Moved by jazz, impermanence, etc

Confessional Poets
John berryman, Robert Lowell, Anne Secton, and Slyvia Plath

Confessional Poetry Definition
-Love of personal pronouns-Intimate content including love affairs, suicide, fear of failure, etc in their autobiographies

NY School of Poets
Barbara guest, Kenneth Koch, Frank O’Hara, and John Ashbery

NY School Poetry Definition
-Saw themselves as travelers of the abstract expressionist school of painters-Wrote art criticism-Aesthetic mode overlapped with the Beat spontaneity and confession poet frankness but more ironic-Combo of surreal high art and art allusions

Black Arts Poets
Gwendolyn Brooks, Amiri Baraka, Sonia Sanchez, and Ntozake Shange

Black Arts Poetry Definition
-Associated with Black Power-Aggressive, challenged the white establishment, and politically charged

Emily Dickinson
-Compressed wit and irony – Doesn’t fit entirely in the transcendence category as well as the metaphysical

Robert Frost
-Active during modernism-Locally colored content that cloaked philosophical ideas

W.H.Auden
-Wrote before and after WW2-Modernists but has transcendence qualities

Elizabeth Bishop
-Confessional poet

Adrienne rich
-Feminist/political poet-Shares background with Confessional poet

Seamus Heaney
-uses rural imagery to take on issues of identity from the post-colonial confusion of what it meant to be irish