AP Literature Sonnet/misc.

A poetic form composed of 14 lines in iambic pentameter that adheres to a particular rhyme scheme

Petrachan Sonnet (Italian)
14 lines divided into an octave and a sestet. The rhymes are abba, abba, the sestet can vary between cdcdcd, cdecde, cddcdd.

Shakespearean Sonnet (English)
14 lines, 3 quatrains and a couplet. Rhyme schemes are abab, cdcd, efef, gg

A voice and view point that an author adopts in order to deliver a story or poem.

Prose Poem
A blending of prose and poetry usually resembling prose in its use of sentences without line breaks and poetry in its use of quintessentially poetic devices such as figurative language. Makes traditional genre distinctions problematic.

A line, lines, or a stanza in a poem that repeats at intervals

The general pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

The quality of poetry, as created through techniques such as rhyme, enjambment caesura alliteration assonance onomatopoeia rythm and cadence

The character who is currently delivering lines, in poetry, the person who is expressing a point of view in the poem, either the author or persona created by the author

Sprung Rhythm
The number of stressed syllables in each line is the same, while the number of unstressed syllables vary. So the types of feet vary

Poetic Syntax
Includes the arrangement of words into lines where they break or do not break the use of enjambment or caesura and line/ length patterns

a broad term, refers to a piece of writing that is metered and rhythmic, can also refer to poetry in general

Free Verse
a piece of writing grouped with verse rather than prose, lacks a meter.

5 tercets (aba) followed by a quatrain(abaa) at the end of tercets 3 and 5 the last ling of tercet one is repeated. These refrain lines are repeated again to conclude the quatrain. There is a subtle shift in sense or meaning because of the power of this form in the repeated lines.

A technique in which one verb is used with multiple objects so that the definition of the verb is changed complicated or both literally and figuratively.