AP Poetry Terms By TheBrooklynBratt

Anaphora
repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.

Assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

Ballad
A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style, (song-like)

Blank Verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

Cacophony
a loud harsh or strident noise

Caesura
A strong pause within a line of verse.

Closed Form
A type of form or structure in poetry characterized by regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical pattern.

Consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.

Dramatic Monologue
A type of poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listner.

Elegy
A lyric poem that laments the dead.

Elision
The omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable or preserve the meter of a line of poetry.

End Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

End-Stopped Line
Definite pause at the end of a verse due to punctuation

Enjambment
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.

Epic
A long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero.

Epigram
A brief witty poem, often satirical/mocking

Falling Meter
Poetic meters such as trochaic and dactylic that move or fall from a stressed to an unstressed syllable.

Foot
A metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables.

Free Verse
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.

Iamb
An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.

Iambic Pentameter
A poetic line of five iambic feet: When in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes.

Internal Rhyme
A rhyme between words in the same line.

Lyric
A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling.

Meter
The measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems.

Narrative Poem
A poem that tells a story.

Octave
An eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza or a section of a poem, as in the octave of a sonnet.

Ode
A long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter, and form.

Open Form
A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure.

Quatrain
A stanza of four lines

Rhyme
The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words.

Rhyme Scheme
The pattern or sequence in which end rhyme occurs throughout a poem. The first end sound is represented with an “a,” the second end sound is represented with a “b,” and so on. When the first sound is repeated at the end of another line within the poem, it is also designated as “a.”

Rhythm
The recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse.

Rising Meter
Poetic meters such as iambic and anapestic that move or ascend from an unstressed to a stressed syllable.

Slant Rhyme
Rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words “stress” and “kiss”); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme

Sestet
A six-line unit of verse sonstituting a stanza or section of a poem; the last six lines of an Italian sonnet.

Sestina
A poem of thirty-nine lines written in iambic pentameter.

Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter.

Stanza
A division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form-either with similar or identical patterns or rhyme and meter, or with variations from one stanza to another.

Tercet
A three-line stanza.

Terza Rima
A three-line stanzaic pattern with interlocking tercet rhymes: aba, bcb, and so on.

Villanelle
A nineteen-line lyric poem that relies heavily on repetition.