AP Rhetorical Questions

Alliteration
The repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines in a poem

Allusion
A reference to a person, place, or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of that idea

Ambiguity
A vagueness of meaning; A conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings or interpretations

Anachronism
A person, scene, event or other element that fails to correspond with the appropriate time or era.

Analogy
A comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things

Anecdote
A brief narrative often used to illustrate an idea or make a point

Aphorism
A short, pithy statement of a generally accepted truth or sentiment. Gives a lot of information in a few words.

Apostrophe
A locution that addresses a person or personified thing not present

Assonance
The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose or poetry.

Clause
A structural element of a sentence, consisting of a grammatical subject and a predicate.

Connotation
Suggest or implied meaning of a word or phrase

Consonance
The repetition of two or more consonant sounds in a group of words or a unit of speech or writing.

Deductive Reasoning
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusions, and theorems are drawn from general principles.

Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word

Diction
The choice of words in oral and written discourse

Didactic
Having an instructive purpose; Intending to convey information or teach a lesson, usually in a dry, pompous manner.

Euphenism
A mild or less negative usage for a harsh or blunt term

Explication
The interpretation or analysis of a text

Fallacy, Fallacious reasoning
An incorrect belief or supposition based on faulty data, defective evidence, or false information.

Figure of speech, figurative Language
Implies meanings. Includes figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, and personification.

Genre
A term used to describe literary forms, such as novel, play, or essay

Hyperbole
Overstatement; gross exaggeration for rhetorical effect

Image
A word or phrase representing that which can be seen, touched, smelled, or felt

Inductive Reasoning
A method of reasoning in which a number of specific facts or examples are used to make a generalization

Irony
A mode of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is stated, often implying ridicule or light sarcasm; A state of affairs of events that is the reverse of what might have been expected.

Loose sentence
A sentence that followers the customary word order of English sentences. I.E subject-verb object. Main idea of a loose sentence is presented first and then is followed by one more subordinate clauses

Malapropism
A confused use of words in which the appropriate meaning is replaced by one with a similar sound but inappropriate meaning

Metaphor
A figure of speech that compares unlike objects.

Metonymy
A figure of speech that uses the name of one thing to represent something else with which it is associated.

Mood
The emotional tone or prevailing atmosphere in a work of literature or other discourse.

Non Sequitur
A statement or idea that fails to follow logically from the one before.

Objective
Of or relating to facts and reality as opposed to private and personal feelings and attitudes

Onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning.

Oxymoron
A term consisting of contradictory elements juxtaposed to created a paradoxical effect.

Paradox
A statement that seems self-contradictory but is nevertheless true

Parody
An imitation of a work meant to ridicule its style and subject

Pathetic Fallacy
Faulty reasoning that inappropriately ascribes human feelings to nature or non-human objects.

Periodic Sentence
A sentence that departs from the usual word order of English sentences by expressing its main thought only at the end.

Persona
The role or facade that a character assumes or depicts to a reader or other audience.

Personification
A figure of speech in which objects and animals are given human characteristics

Pun
A humorous play on words, using similar-sounding or identical words to suggest different meanings.

Retraction
The withdrawal of a previously stated idea or opinion.

Rhetoric
The language of a work and its style; words, often highly emotional, used to convince or sway an audience.

Rhetorical mode
A general term that identifies discourse according to its chief purpose. Different modes include exposition, argumentation, description, and narration

Rhetorical Question
A question to which the audience already knows the answer; a question asked merely for effect with no answer expected

Sarcasm
A sharp, caustic attitude conveyed in words through jibes, taunts or other remarks; sarcasm differs from irony, which is more subtle

Satire
A literary style used to poke fun at, attack, or ridicule an idea, vice, or foible, often for the purpose of inducing change.

Sentence structure
The arrangement of the part of a sentence. A sentence may be simple, compound, or complex.

Simile
A figurative comparison using like or as

Subjective
Of or relating to private and personal feelings and attitudes as opposed to facts and reality

Syllogism
A form of deductive reasoning in which given certain ideas or facts, other ideas or facts must follow.

Symbolism
The use of one object to evoke ideas and associations not literally part of the original object.

Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part signifies the whole, or the whole signifies the part.

Syntax
The organization of language into meaningful structure. Pattern of words

Tone
The author’s attitude toward the subject being written about. The characteristic emotion that pervades a work, or part of a work

Trope
The generic name of a figure of speech such as image, symbol, simile, and metaphor.

Verisimilitude
Similar to the truth; the quality of realism in a work that persuades readers that they are getting a vision of life as it is.

Voice
The real or assumed personality used by a writer or speaker. In grammar active voice and passive voice refer to the use verbs.