AP Rhetorical Questions

The repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines in a poem

A reference to a person, place, or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of that idea

A vagueness of meaning; A conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings or interpretations

A person, scene, event or other element that fails to correspond with the appropriate time or era.

A comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things

A brief narrative often used to illustrate an idea or make a point

A short, pithy statement of a generally accepted truth or sentiment. Gives a lot of information in a few words.

A locution that addresses a person or personified thing not present

The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose or poetry.

A structural element of a sentence, consisting of a grammatical subject and a predicate.

Suggest or implied meaning of a word or phrase

The repetition of two or more consonant sounds in a group of words or a unit of speech or writing.

Deductive Reasoning
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusions, and theorems are drawn from general principles.

The dictionary definition of a word

The choice of words in oral and written discourse

Having an instructive purpose; Intending to convey information or teach a lesson, usually in a dry, pompous manner.

A mild or less negative usage for a harsh or blunt term

The interpretation or analysis of a text

Fallacy, Fallacious reasoning
An incorrect belief or supposition based on faulty data, defective evidence, or false information.

Figure of speech, figurative Language
Implies meanings. Includes figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, and personification.

A term used to describe literary forms, such as novel, play, or essay

Overstatement; gross exaggeration for rhetorical effect

A word or phrase representing that which can be seen, touched, smelled, or felt

Inductive Reasoning
A method of reasoning in which a number of specific facts or examples are used to make a generalization

A mode of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is stated, often implying ridicule or light sarcasm; A state of affairs of events that is the reverse of what might have been expected.

Loose sentence
A sentence that followers the customary word order of English sentences. I.E subject-verb object. Main idea of a loose sentence is presented first and then is followed by one more subordinate clauses

A confused use of words in which the appropriate meaning is replaced by one with a similar sound but inappropriate meaning

A figure of speech that compares unlike objects.

A figure of speech that uses the name of one thing to represent something else with which it is associated.

The emotional tone or prevailing atmosphere in a work of literature or other discourse.

Non Sequitur
A statement or idea that fails to follow logically from the one before.

Of or relating to facts and reality as opposed to private and personal feelings and attitudes

The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning.

A term consisting of contradictory elements juxtaposed to created a paradoxical effect.

A statement that seems self-contradictory but is nevertheless true

An imitation of a work meant to ridicule its style and subject

Pathetic Fallacy
Faulty reasoning that inappropriately ascribes human feelings to nature or non-human objects.

Periodic Sentence
A sentence that departs from the usual word order of English sentences by expressing its main thought only at the end.

The role or facade that a character assumes or depicts to a reader or other audience.

A figure of speech in which objects and animals are given human characteristics

A humorous play on words, using similar-sounding or identical words to suggest different meanings.

The withdrawal of a previously stated idea or opinion.

The language of a work and its style; words, often highly emotional, used to convince or sway an audience.

Rhetorical mode
A general term that identifies discourse according to its chief purpose. Different modes include exposition, argumentation, description, and narration

Rhetorical Question
A question to which the audience already knows the answer; a question asked merely for effect with no answer expected

A sharp, caustic attitude conveyed in words through jibes, taunts or other remarks; sarcasm differs from irony, which is more subtle

A literary style used to poke fun at, attack, or ridicule an idea, vice, or foible, often for the purpose of inducing change.

Sentence structure
The arrangement of the part of a sentence. A sentence may be simple, compound, or complex.

A figurative comparison using like or as

Of or relating to private and personal feelings and attitudes as opposed to facts and reality

A form of deductive reasoning in which given certain ideas or facts, other ideas or facts must follow.

The use of one object to evoke ideas and associations not literally part of the original object.

A figure of speech in which a part signifies the whole, or the whole signifies the part.

The organization of language into meaningful structure. Pattern of words

The author’s attitude toward the subject being written about. The characteristic emotion that pervades a work, or part of a work

The generic name of a figure of speech such as image, symbol, simile, and metaphor.

Similar to the truth; the quality of realism in a work that persuades readers that they are getting a vision of life as it is.

The real or assumed personality used by a writer or speaker. In grammar active voice and passive voice refer to the use verbs.