AP Rhetorical Terms allegory-metaphor

the device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning

the repetion of sounds, especially inital constant sounds in two or more neighboring words

a direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place or work of art

the multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence or passage

a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them

one of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses or sentences

a short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event

the word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun

a terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle

a figure of speech that directly addresses ab absent or imaginary person or personified abstraction, such as liberty or love

the emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author’s choice of objects that are described

a grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb

colloquial/ colloquialism
the use of slang or informalities in speech or writing

a principle demanding that the parts of any composition be arrangesd so that the meaning of the whole may be immediately clear and intelligible

a fanciful expression usually in the form of an extended metaphor or suprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects

the nonliteral, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning

the strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, deviod of any emotion, attitude, or color

related to style, refers to the writer’s word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, and effectiveness

literally means “teaching”; has the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles

Greek for “good speech”, a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept

one of the four chief types of composition; purpose is to explain something; in drama, it is the introductory material, which creates the tone and gives the setting and introduces the conflict and characters

extended metaphor
a metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work

figurative language
writing or speech that is not intended to carry a literal meaning and is usually mean to be imaginative and vivid

figure of speech
a device used to produce figurative language; includes apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonomy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatment

generic conventions
describes traditions for each genre

major category into which a literary work fits; includes prose, poetry, and drama

literally means “sermon”, but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice

a figre of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatment

the sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions

inference/ infer
to draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented

an emotionally violent, verbal dununciation or attack using strong, abusive language

irony/ ironic
the contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant; the difference between what appears to be and what is actually true

loose sentence
a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by a dependent gramatical units such as phrases or clauses

a figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity