Aquaculture the Raigad district of Maharashtra.Total fisher population

Aquaculture
is currently the fastest growing food producing sector in the world.World
aquaculture produce was 73.8 million metric tonnes. China was the first
aquaculture producing country in the world with the value of 58.795 million
metric tonnes, followed by Indonesia with the production of 14.330 million
metric tonnes and India with the production 4.884 million metric tonnes .Though
India stood third, the gap between aquaculture production of China and India is
53.911 million metric tonne, while the gap between aquaculture production of Indonesia
and India is 9.446 million metric tonnes. It clearly signifies that the India
contributes only 6.62% in aquaculture produce of world.

The total
brackishwater area suitable for aquaculture development in India is 12,40,000
ha of which only 43,876 ha have been developed, mainly for shrimp farming,
while in Maharashtra 10,400 ha is suitable for farming and only 1,539 ha i.e.
15.39% of the total suitable area is developed for farming.The main species
cultured was Black tiger shrimp, which is being replaced in current decade by
the White legged shrimp. Fin fishes such as Asian Sea Bassis cultured on
smaller scalein the Raigad district of Maharashtra.Total fisher population of Maharashtra
is 3,86,259. Thus, the Maharashtra is endowed with adequate brackish water
resources on one hand and on the other hand human resourcesand successful
technology of shrimp farming is available.The available natural resources,
human resources and available technology can utilise judiciously to make
revolution in aquaculture production. The present paper comprehends scenario of
brackish water finfish and shellfish farming of Maharashtra. SWOT analysis of
brackish water fin and shell fish culture in Maharashtra is performed.  The long term and short-term goals have been
suggested to bridge up the gap between present production and actual potential
production. The development process will create employment
opportunities to rural youth of Konkan region as a source of livelihood.