Aquacultureis currently the fastest growing food producing sector in the world.Worldaquaculture produce was 73.
8 million metric tonnes. China was the firstaquaculture producing country in the world with the value of 58.795 millionmetric tonnes, followed by Indonesia with the production of 14.330 millionmetric tonnes and India with the production 4.884 million metric tonnes .ThoughIndia stood third, the gap between aquaculture production of China and India is53.911 million metric tonne, while the gap between aquaculture production of Indonesiaand India is 9.
446 million metric tonnes. It clearly signifies that the Indiacontributes only 6.62% in aquaculture produce of world.
The totalbrackishwater area suitable for aquaculture development in India is 12,40,000ha of which only 43,876 ha have been developed, mainly for shrimp farming,while in Maharashtra 10,400 ha is suitable for farming and only 1,539 ha i.e.15.
39% of the total suitable area is developed for farming.The main speciescultured was Black tiger shrimp, which is being replaced in current decade bythe White legged shrimp. Fin fishes such as Asian Sea Bassis cultured onsmaller scalein the Raigad district of Maharashtra.Total fisher population of Maharashtrais 3,86,259. Thus, the Maharashtra is endowed with adequate brackish waterresources on one hand and on the other hand human resourcesand successfultechnology of shrimp farming is available.The available natural resources,human resources and available technology can utilise judiciously to makerevolution in aquaculture production. The present paper comprehends scenario ofbrackish water finfish and shellfish farming of Maharashtra.
SWOT analysis ofbrackish water fin and shell fish culture in Maharashtra is performed. The long term and short-term goals have beensuggested to bridge up the gap between present production and actual potentialproduction. The development process will create employmentopportunities to rural youth of Konkan region as a source of livelihood.