Artificialintelligence is all around us in the modern world today.
we are surrounded byinstances where we interact with AI even when we ourselves are unaware of it.In fact, AI is used today in aspects of engineering, medicine, as well as inyour own home. Overall, the term artificial intelligence is very broad and canbe associated with many different things in the modern world that are useful tosociety. The actions that are performed by AI are currently limited torecognizing patterns that have been programmed in to them and being able togive some form of output that appropriately satisfies the input. This is a veryuseful tool for both corporations and the average consumer because it has theability to simplify many tedious tasks that could be completed simply by AI ina more effective and efficient way. It can be utilized in your home; forexample, Amazon’s Alexa is an AI that can control aspects of your home from thelights and the door. AI can also be used in workplaces, like ATM’s and thatannoying automated voice you might speak to when calling your service company.
All these things are great, however, in my essay, I will argue that ArtificialIntelligence is a potential danger to mankind. Although I don’t mean it in asci-fi movie kind of way, AI has the potential to be a very useful tool and avery damaging one to society. It is apparent that while it has its uses, it canpotentially remove the number of human workers from workplaces, cause a societaloverreliance of AI, and well Artificial Intelligence can bebroken down in two main categories. The first that I will cover is conventionalAI(AI). AI is a system of artificial intelligence in which a machine isdeveloped through a set of algorithms that simulates learning. In conventionalsystems, the machine generates patterns and outputs actions based on the giveninformation in the algorithm and has the ability to adapt and give differentoutputs based on the set of algorithms that it received.
This is the form of AIthat most individuals have already been exposed to in the world. The reasonthat people have the ability to go and speak to their phones to get informationabout the weather or stocks is because it is a system of AI that has been givenan algorithm that recognizes the command and react accordingly by giving youinformation about that. When the information changes on the other end, such thatthe weather or stocks shift, the AI is not giving you the same response withthe initial input because it has adapted accordingly based on the change ininformation. AI is limited to what the algorithms that were given initially canproduce. The second form of ArtificialIntelligence, known as Computational Intelligence (CI), is more complex thanconventional AI.
CI is a system that works in much the opposite way thatconventional AI works. Instead of being given a set of algorithms for themachine to work with, CI works by having a system with a simplified initialstate that begins forming outputs or algorithms that conventional AI would haveto be given. It acts with limited information, unlike AI, to produceinformation.
CI is much more adaptive bythe nature of the way that it is programmed, it has the ability to createoutputs with limited and unknown knowledge and fill in the gaps by constantlyiterating new information to the given limitation. This form of AI is used more AI has the potential and is in theprocess of removing jobs from actual humans. When AI becomes more widespreadand used more often, it is apparent that an artificial system that can produceappropriate outputs based on a given set of inputs can easily be favored bycorporations and businesses. In the world we live in today, the amount of usesfor AI are endless and we are constantly using AI even though we might notrecognize it. You can now ask your phone for the weather or get any kind ofrecent news just by asking your personal assistant on your phone. There is nolonger a need for anyone to turn on the TV, read the paper, or even searchthrough the internet to get any kind of information. Although it is clear thatthe purpose of this is for the convenience and ability to save time by nothaving to find the information by yourself, I believe it is appropriate andresponsible to look at the effects of this convenience.
It is entirely possibleand apparent that by having easier access to information, there is no longer aneed for actual persons to be on a TV set to report that information. Althoughto a certain degree, many companies will adapt and choose to perform the rolethat is more convenient and overall more for them, the amount of peoplerequired in that field of work would significantly drop and therefore wouldcause an overall loss of jobs and work for actual humans to perform. According to Kai-Fu Lee, founder of venture capital firmSinovation Ventures, 50 percent of jobs will become occupied bysome form of robot or artificial intelligence in the next decade or so. Theresult of this would essentially be the obsoleting of humans in the work fieldand a potential economic decline that would make it more difficult for themiddle and lower class of society.
One particular form of AI that Iwanted to touch upon in this essay was Amazon’s Alexa. Home AI is currently oneof the most targeted areas of the consumer AI market. It’s kind of a sci-fithing to own, it provokes a futuristic feeling in consumers that appeals wellsocially.
However, the effect is the constant overreliance of technology andthe need for instantaneous gratification. You might think that Alexa is one ofthe best things to happen to AI. It is one of the first instances where AI isthe sole reason for buying the product. The interest comes in the ability for amachine that you can speak to and simplify much of your life at home. If youneed to turn on or off the light, call someone, or open the door, then simplyask Alexa. There are downsides to this convenience. For example, there is noneed to go out and get anything or do anything by yourself. You do not need togreet the door as you can open it or speak to someone in another room throughAlexa.
Although this a very nice convenience, it limits the amount face to facehuman exposure and makes technology an in-between for social interaction.Another example, there is no need for someone to speak to Alexa politely. Theway that Alexa is programmed is to take in a command and appropriately respond.Sociologically, this poses a risk to growing and developing children who canlearn from this.
Although there are large assumptions made with this statement,I do feel that it is something worth recognizing as a potential sociologicalrisk. Although there are potentialdownsides to having artificial intelligence systems being the primary medianfor humans and the rest of the world. There are a lot of things that make artificialintelligence very useful. A simple example would be having to go to the bankand deposit money. That is something that a lot of people would find tedious bothfor the actual bank and the consumer.
ATM’s are very useful because they allowyou to deposit money as well as checks without the need to go to an actualperson and it can be done in a much faster amount of time. Banks these days arenow allowing checks to be deposited through taking a picture on your phone,completely removing the need to go to the physical bank. This form ofartificial intelligence does not impact the amount of people needed to operatea bank and makes traffic flow more easily for both for the consumer and thebank.
In contrast, ComputationalIntelligence, to my knowledge, is filled with benefits and lacks what I wouldcall any valid cause for concern. CI is being used at the forefront of medicineand engineering research. It allows for researches to be able to constructcomplex models of very abstract and specific items of interest to be able tofurther research on a particular topic. When researchers give CI the limitedknowledge that they do know about any particular subject, it can then fill inthe gaps by constantly iterating new information and learning new things toincrease the speed and development of different research projects. There is anendless frontier for computational intelligence that could very well be thereason that we solve many of the worlds current problems. Although people look at ArtificialIntelligence as something that may take over the world.
I think it the damagemay come from the conventional side of AI rather than computationalintelligence. As opposed who what science fiction may have you believe, AIposes a threat as a system that can replace humans and be enslaved to it. It isentirely possible that the CI we know from science-fiction becomes a reality;but as it stands, I believe it is much more plausible that AI has much moreadverse effects. While not destructive, I believe that the current state andcourse of AI is a much more dangerous force.
In conclusion, ArtificialIntelligence is here to stay in the modern world. You can weigh both the prosand the cons but regardless of whether or not artificial systems are beneficialor hazardous – they are here to stay for the long term. There are clearbenefits in both Conventional AI and Computational Intelligence, however, Ibelieve that it is necessary to look at the effects of any form of artificialintelligence on society and recognize it before delving too deep. There are clearbenefits to society but it is irresponsible not to recognize and be aware ofthem. The current threat is not a constantly developing super machine thatseeks to take over and enslave the human race, but rather an overreliance ofthe artificial intelligence that humans continually develop and in turn destroythemselves.