As observed throughout theresearch, while there are different types of ways a child can witness IPV,whether it being direct or indirect there are still negative effects that comefrom it.
The research mentioned above all discussed what can happened to childrenwho witnesses IPV. For example, children can develop physical and mentalproblems in adulthood, also alcohol and drug abuse finally it can also leadfrom becoming a victim of IPV or becoming the abuser once in adulthood. The first five years of a child’slife are the most important when it comes to shaping future health, happiness,growth, development and learnings in a family, community and life in general(Facts of Life).
Children pick up things more quickly during there early yearswhich is why these are the time children need to feel love and nurturing in ahome for them to have a sense of trust and security. So, if a child is raisedin a home and witnesses IPV they are going to grow up thinking that it is”okay” because they were raised on watching it and do not know that it is notright. Children being exposed to IPV is aform of maltreatment, so being exposed to it in a home whether it beingdirectly or indirectly it is still considered violent and threatening behaviorto the parents of the children. Even though every child is affected differentlywhen being exposed to IPV. There are still immediate effects that can happenwhen being exposed to IPV whether it being minor issues during childhood toadolescence or even long-term effect into adulthood. The on-going effects that canhappen during childhood to adolescence and later adulthood can be shaped bywitnessing domestic violence. In multiple studies, PTSD is a concern forchildren who witness IPV, which could later lead to anxiety and depression(Summers, A.
2006). Some researchers have talked thelittle effects that come from children witnessing domestic violence, these aresome of the different responses. Not all of the children exposed to violencehave any long-term impact.
Many children who were witnesses to IPV have no typeof effect. According to a meta-analysis in 2003, about 30% showed outcomes ofthe same or better than people who did not witness IPV. While there can beeffects to being exposed to IPV it can be diminished with support andinterventions to prevent long-term damage. There are ways that we can decreasethe risk factors of witnessing IPV and reduce and/or stop the violence. Themost important thing is safety for a child. Having an intervention with theabuser and not putting the family at risk can work depending on the nature ofthe violence. This type of strategy may vary depending on the resourcesavailable, or financial situation of the family.
Another way to end theviolence is to remove the child completely from the situation by identifyingthe risk factors of leaving the child in a house of domestic violence. It isimportant to consider if the child is suffering from child maltreatment, poorhousing, substance abuse and even mental illness. Finally, increasing protectivefactors, research consistently suggests that the most important thing in achild life is a connection with caring adults in the family and also in thecommunity.
The key characteristics include, cognitive and self-regulationskills, positive views of self, and motivation to be effective in theenvironment. Being exposed to violence lessons the quality of the parents aswell as effects children’s relationship in the schools and in the community(Masten, 2001). Therefore, in order for a child to fully develop they need tohave a secure attachment with the people raising them. It is also important forpeople to have a connection with the environment outside of their home like inschool and community programs. By being involved can provide the child withpositive relationships with the people around them and they are able to learnskills that they may not learn in their homes.
One study found, that a teenagerhaving acceptance by both parents and in peers leveled out the effects of IPVexposure and the likelihood of running away from home, and/or depression. As wecan see from the evidence provided, witnessing IPV as a child can lead tonegative effect on children while they are growing, but there are ways to stopthe violence by removing the child from the situation so future problems can belessened.