As a child’s life are the most important

As observed throughout the
research, while there are different types of ways a child can witness IPV,
whether it being direct or indirect there are still negative effects that come
from it. The research mentioned above all discussed what can happened to children
who witnesses IPV. For example, children can develop physical and mental
problems in adulthood, also alcohol and drug abuse finally it can also lead
from becoming a victim of IPV or becoming the abuser once in adulthood.

The first five years of a child’s
life are the most important when it comes to shaping future health, happiness,
growth, development and learnings in a family, community and life in general
(Facts of Life). Children pick up things more quickly during there early years
which is why these are the time children need to feel love and nurturing in a
home for them to have a sense of trust and security. So, if a child is raised
in a home and witnesses IPV they are going to grow up thinking that it is
“okay” because they were raised on watching it and do not know that it is not

Children being exposed to IPV is a
form of maltreatment, so being exposed to it in a home whether it being
directly or indirectly it is still considered violent and threatening behavior
to the parents of the children. Even though every child is affected differently
when being exposed to IPV. There are still immediate effects that can happen
when being exposed to IPV whether it being minor issues during childhood to
adolescence or even long-term effect into adulthood.

The on-going effects that can
happen during childhood to adolescence and later adulthood can be shaped by
witnessing domestic violence. In multiple studies, PTSD is a concern for
children who witness IPV, which could later lead to anxiety and depression
(Summers, A. 2006).

Some researchers have talked the
little effects that come from children witnessing domestic violence, these are
some of the different responses. Not all of the children exposed to violence
have any long-term impact. Many children who were witnesses to IPV have no type
of effect. According to a meta-analysis in 2003, about 30% showed outcomes of
the same or better than people who did not witness IPV. While there can be
effects to being exposed to IPV it can be diminished with support and
interventions to prevent long-term damage.

There are ways that we can decrease
the risk factors of witnessing IPV and reduce and/or stop the violence. The
most important thing is safety for a child. Having an intervention with the
abuser and not putting the family at risk can work depending on the nature of
the violence. This type of strategy may vary depending on the resources
available, or financial situation of the family. Another way to end the
violence is to remove the child completely from the situation by identifying
the risk factors of leaving the child in a house of domestic violence. It is
important to consider if the child is suffering from child maltreatment, poor
housing, substance abuse and even mental illness.

Finally, increasing protective
factors, research consistently suggests that the most important thing in a
child life is a connection with caring adults in the family and also in the
community. The key characteristics include, cognitive and self-regulation
skills, positive views of self, and motivation to be effective in the
environment. Being exposed to violence lessons the quality of the parents as
well as effects children’s relationship in the schools and in the community
(Masten, 2001). Therefore, in order for a child to fully develop they need to
have a secure attachment with the people raising them. It is also important for
people to have a connection with the environment outside of their home like in
school and community programs. By being involved can provide the child with
positive relationships with the people around them and they are able to learn
skills that they may not learn in their homes. One study found, that a teenager
having acceptance by both parents and in peers leveled out the effects of IPV
exposure and the likelihood of running away from home, and/or depression. As we
can see from the evidence provided, witnessing IPV as a child can lead to
negative effect on children while they are growing, but there are ways to stop
the violence by removing the child from the situation so future problems can be