As Hayy reached his 35th year, he was

Hayy reached his 35th year, he was completely entangled in resolving the
mystery of the Eternal One:

 “Now he
knew that every, thing that was produced anew must needs have some Producer.
And from this contemplation, there arose in his mind a sort of impression of
the maker of that form, though his Notion of him as yet was general and

was sure about the facts that He was his Creator and definitely exist, it was
not some wild feeling of his self, but a reality indeed. Now being sure of His
existence, he wanted to find know how did he came to know of His existence. He
reasoned that it cannot be through His senses or any such physical thing that
brought him to the idea of existence of the One. As all this was divisible and
transient, and thus could not enlighten him about some perpetual, indivisible
being. He believed that as the nature of the Necessarily Existent, i.e
indivisible and everlasting, what edified him about this Being must also have
the same nature, and be the essence of his own being. He resolved that it was
his soul, which informed him about Him. He thus came to know that the Necessary
Being was exempt of all kinds of faults and corruption, and was perfect in His
existence; there was none like unto Him. He saw by this that the perfection of
one’s soul can be attained only by constant reasoning, & one who died
without reasoning in his life, wasted his soul. He also realized that once he
has realized the existence of God & turned away from Him chasing the
temporary, he will lose the intuitive vision and put himself in suffering,
while if he wholly turns towards his God, he will enjoy eternal bliss. These
considerations led Hayy to search for divine trance by contemplating and
concentrating his thoughts only on the Necessary Being.

 Having apprehended the manner by which the
being like the Heavenly Bodies was peculiar to him above all other kinds of
Animals whatever, he perceived that it was a Duty necessarily incumbent upon
him to resemble them, and imitate their Actions, and endeavour to the utmost to
become like them. He perceived also that in respect of his nobler Part, by
which he had attained the Knowledge of that necessarily self-existent Being he
did in some measure resemble it, because he was separated from the Attributes
of Bodies, as the necessarily self- existent Being is separated from them. He
saw also that it was his Duty to endeavour to make himself Master of the
Properties of that Being by all possible means, and put on his Qualities, and
imitate his Actions, and labour in the doing his Will, and resign himself wholly
to him, and submit to his Dispensations heartily and un- feignedly, so as to
rejoice in him, though ‘he should lay Afflictions upon his Body, and hurt, or
even totally destroy it’. Hayy realised that he resembles on one hand the
Necessary Existent through the noble part of himself-his soul, on the other
hand he resembled the animals through his body. From this he came to the
conclusion that his actions should be carried out on three levels:

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Actions emulating those of animals

 2. Actions emulating the celestial bodies

Actions emulating the Necessary Being.

            It eventually became clear to him that his ultimate end
lie in the third emulation which is not obtained without long concentration and
practice in the second one, and that the continuation of the second depends on
the first one. He also realized that the first one although is necessary but is
also a hinderance and will help only accidently, thus he forced himself to
reduce the first emulation to bare necessity i.e strictly consume the required amount
below which animal spirit would not survive.



            What is worth mentioning here is how was Hayy able to
think without being acquainted with any language. Though he acquired linguistic
knowledge from Absal, but before becoming abreast with it he was only familiar
with sounds uttered by wild animals and mimicked them. It’s beyond
apprehension, at least for me, as to how Hayy managed to decrypt and organise
his thoughts in the absence of any sophisticated communication channel to
represent them. This is because when we think of anything and have thoughts going
around in our minds, we perceive them in the form of the language we know and interact

            In conclusion, I would like to contend that this philosophical
tale has been aptly titled ‘Hayy ibn Yaqzaan’ or ‘Alive, Son of the Awake’.
This, unprecedented and seemingly convoluted, title bears the connotation of vigilance
and encapsulates the mindset and approach of Hayy, who was able to decipher the
greater realities of life through physical observation, reason and mystical
experience. It clearly is a tale to gain inspiration from, perpetuating the
notion that God gives guidance to everyone, at least once, throughout their
lives. What we need to do is to remain ‘vigilant’, cash-on the opportunity, and
make an effort to gain unison with the Almighty.