Asthmais a chronic disease that affects the airways in the lungs. It is common inchildhood and globally accounts for approximately 7 % of disability life-yearsamong those 5 to 14 years old. (Favarato, G., Anderson, H.
, Atkinson, R.,Fuller, G., Mills, I., & Walton, H., 2014). According to the Center forDisease and Control, asthma costs the United States $56 billion each year.
Theaverage yearly cost of care for a child with asthma was $1,039 in 2009. (CDC.) Approximately9 people die from asthma each day, and in 2009, 3,388 people died from asthma.(CDC.) In the last decade, theproportion of people with asthma in the United States grew by nearly 15%. (CDC.)Because of the severity of this respiratory disease, a lot of research has beenconducted in order to analyze the factors in which increases the risk of anasthma attack. Some of these factors include allergens (like pollen, mold,animal dander, and dust mites), exercise, occupational hazards, tobacco smoke,air pollution, and airway infections.
(CDC.) IntroductionOneof the most common respiratory diseases, asthma affects the lives of approximately18.4 million adults in the United States. (CDC.
) The Healthy People 2020objective is to reduce asthma deaths, hospitalizations, emergency departmentvisits, activity limitations and the proportion of people with asthma who missdays of work or school. (Healthy People.) In turn, they aim to increase theproportion of those suffering from asthma who receive formal patient education andappropriate asthma care, and increase the number of states, territories, andthe District of Columbia with a comprehensive asthma surveillance system. (HealthyPeople.)Accordingto the data from Healthy People 2020, in 2007, there were 3.4, 11, and 43.
3 asthmadeaths per million adults and children under age 35, adults aged 35 to 64, and adultsaged 65 and over respectively. There were also 41.4, 11.
1, and 25.3 hospitalizationsin 2007 for asthma per 10,000 children under 5, children and adults aged 5 to 64,and adults aged 65 and over respectively. (Healthy People.)Thetarget is to slightly reduce and increase these numbers by the year 2020.
Withextensive research done on the topic of asthma, a common source of data comesfrom areas most affected by air pollution. According to the World HealthOrganization, the risk of diseases such as stroke, heart disease, lung cancer,and chronic and acute respiratory diseases such as asthma, increases when urbanair quality declines. (WHO.) This could mean that those most at risk for these diseasesare those who live in urban areas. The research in this paper aims to analyze thecauses and symptoms of asthma, and the paper aims to use this research to analyzeasthma in the inner cities and test whether or not the quality of living in theinner cities contribute to more or less controlled asthma.