Basedon Shahanum. M. S.
(2013) research, traditional music is a tradition from thepast. By learning traditional music which is a compulsory education inuniversities, students can apply their skills and knowledge while playing theinstruments around the community of musicians. So, with the present of formal traditionalmusic education in universities, the music curricular includes this traditionalmusic focused at preserving local music traditions. However, some of theelements in music had from the actual context. For instance, traditional musicwas being used notation in learning process but then it becoming as an issuebecause traditional music orally was not emphasized.
According to Gena R. Greher, lecturers need to make music easy toevaluate. Teachers do not have to emphasize on tests or examinations only, butguide students to be more creative and innovative in composing and creatingsongs and exploring music with more profound music. Music is a unique art andas a music teacher should educate students about what music is actually using traditionaland non-traditional music approaches.Lack of reading materials for music education in schools or universitiescan be said to be quite limited especially if it located in the interior. Thisis because they do not have enough funds to provide music-related facilitiesbecause music is seen as an unimportant subject. The available funds arechanneled to the core subjects and are considered important. The fact thatmusic is so important in balancing the students’ emotions to be a spiritual,intellectual, physical, and emotional person (Rosalind Hayes, 2015).
Next, in various music program in thecountry, there have always problems about lack of money to repair theinstruments and that’s became a new problem to universities which is lack ofinstruments because they can’t afford money to repair the faulty instruments.So that the music faculty require students to rent or buy the traditional musicinstruments because the price is more affordable (Jason Cato, 2011). Moreover, lack ofinterest is one of the problems faced by students in learning traditional musicbecause sometimes they are too over confident. Hence, it making them felt thatthey know everything and have to stop practicing their instruments. Confidenceis very important for students’ growth, but over confidence is really harmful.During holidays students are busy with other activities so they do not findsufficient time to practice their instruments. Music students must try topractice their instruments on a regular basis, otherwise, they won’t be ableto enhance their musical skills, which will eventually kill their interest.
That means, in order to keep their interest alive, it’s important for studentsto stay connected with their instruments. Whether students play what kind oftraditional music instruments, they should keep on practicing them regularly(Ali Sibtain Farooq Sheikh; Saman Ali Sheikh; Ahmad Kaleem; and Ahmad Waqas,2013).In addition, studentshave the spirit of self-efficacy in subject areas, activities, or academictasks and the lack of confidence can reduce student motivation to produce thebest possible effort. Self-efficacy is the perception of the student on his orher own ability for a particular academic field and should not be confused withthe value of self-esteem. Students who believe that they have the ability to accomplishcertain academic tasks, they can do the task better and have higher motivation(Jacobs et al., 2002). However, students often dismiss their academicperformance by engaging in negative self-talk about their abilities and makeimproper behavior to explain weak academic performance (Linnenbrink &Pintrich, 2002).”The learning process is a complexactivity that places the motivation and the physical condition of the studentas a study” (Lyons, 2002).
It has become the notion that the curriculumand teaching have an impact on learning. However, the physical and facilitationconditions of the school or university can affect the student’s achievement.Colgan (2003) stated that older buildings are more vulnerable to molding and haveindoor air quality problems, but does not mean that newer buildings have nosuch adverse effects. Based on the studies conducted in Virginia by Crampton etal., (2001), it shows a different link between effective school facilities andstudent achievement when factors such as socioeconomic status are controlled.
Similarly with teachers, they need a space to interact professionally toprovide meaningful services to their students and colleagues. And schoolfacilities also play an important role in welcoming parents and members of thecommunity in the educational process.Most graduates adopt and continue to useinformation taken online for their academic and research work regardless of theimportance and quality of the traditional information center as observed byprevious researchers. However, using the Internet alone does not guaranteequality and effective information. Although the Internet has a lot ofinformation, its relevance, quality, and validity cannot be ignored.
Based on thestudy conducted by Arbib and Schor (2002), students prefer to use resources fromthe Internet as opposed to library resources. As a result, the information theyget is limited and they feel that information from books in libraries is notimportant and can be found on the website only.