Before I took the courseof Introduction to Psychology, my main view in the world of psychology was thatthe client sits or lays down on a chair or couch and starts telling someoneabout their problems and about what bothers them most to the point where thepsychologist knows everything about them. I also thought that mental hospitalswere something out of a horror or thriller movie where all the patients areinsane and strapped down with body cuffs or straitjackets to stop the patientfrom harming themselves or others in the hospitals and are sedated and put inisolation rooms with horrid conditions. After learning the field of psychology,I learned that there are humane ways that others can help people with theirproblems and make their lives better with the help of psychology. When a clientseeks help form a psychologist, the psychologist can see the patient indifferent perspectives that can be affecting the client: behavioral,psychoanalytic, humanistic, cognitive, evolutionary, biological, andsociocultural perspectives. The seven perspectives of psychology vary in definition interms of how many psychologists in the past viewed psychology.
In thebehavioral perspective, it is a school or perspective of psychology thatstudies behavior because it can be observed and measured due to the environmentbeing the main factor in it. In the psychoanalytic perspective, the unconsciousmind, or fantasies and desires deep within the mind, is said to be the mainfactor in behavior. In the humanistic behavior, the primary focus is thathumans can make choices for personal growth and health. In the cognitiveperspective, is a school of psychology that focuses on problem solving,perception, reason, and other forms of cognition in human beings. In theevolutionary perspective, the focus of the school is the study of how humansbehave to adapt to the many environmental pressures that are present, meaningthe survival instinct is present in an individual member to survive.
In thebiological perspective, the study focuses on how certain traits and behaviorsare linked to explain how individuals are different from one another. It isalso the study of how the brain, nervous system, neurons and other biologicalfactors affect the behavior of an individual and how they differ from others.It is different from the evolutionary perspective because the evolutionaryperspective focuses on the universal factors like language. In thesociocultural perspective, the study focuses on how social and cultural factorsaffect a human’s behavior and how these factors must be understood when havingto interpret another person’s behavior. Thus, with the many perspectives ofpsychology, many psychologists can choose a certain perspective and committheir work in psychology to be able to add their thoughts and opinions into itto make the field of psychology a more precise and effective practice foreveryone. In my opinion, the perspective that appeals to me themost is the biological perspective.
I enjoy how the view in this certainperspective can help explain how not one individual is the same. It appeals tome that the perspective uses biological processes to further explain howbiology factors can help make an individual different from many others.Moreover, the perspective that least appeals to me is the behavioralperspective. It doesn’t appeal to me that the environment can help explain acertain behavior that we exert. I believe it only explains the many skills thatwe obtain to be able to respond to a certain stimulus but doesn’t explain ouroverall behavior. I believe the skills obtained from the environment furtheradd to our behavior so that we, in turn, use them to our advantage. We can usethe same skill depending on behavior.