Everyone who is arrogant in heart is an abomination to the Lord; be assured, he will not go unpunished.
A man of wrath stirs up strife, and one given to anger causes much transgression.
A tranquil heart gives life to the flesh, envy makes the bones rot.
Robert Lowth is credited with identifying three main types of parallelism in Hebrew poetry.
James Kugel disagreed with James Lowth, because Kugel did not think that parallelism was important for understanding Hebrew poetry.
According to Lowth, the three primary types of Hebrew parallelism are: lexical, grammatical and semantic.
Adele Berlin believes that there are two marks of Hebrew poetry: parallelism and terseness.
James Kugel’s theory that it is not possible to distinguish Hebrew prose from Hebrew poetry is widely accepted by biblical scholars.
A primary difference between biblical and Ugaritic poetry is that biblical poetry alludes to stories already known rather than tell them through narrative verse and dialogue, while Ugaritic poetry told long stories in narrative verse.
The fourth-century Christian leader Athanasius said that while most Scripture speaks to us, the Psalms speak for us
Herrmann Gunkel was an influential scholar who emphasized studying individual psalms according to their literary types
Gunkel saw two major categories of Psalms: Hymns and Laments
Hymns are most common type of Psalms
All scholars accept Mowinckel’s proposal that the Hebrew phrase “Yahweh malak” refers to an enthronement.
The heading of the Psalms were probably fixed (finalized) as part of the text of Psalms prior to the second century BCE.
The psalms having the heading “of David” were all composed by King David.
The book of Psalms is divided up into five books by four doxologies.
Canonical criticism encouraged reading the Psalms holistically, rather than as a collection of independent, diverse poems.
In the ancient Near East, both gods and kings were spoken of as shepherds of their people.
The term selah only appears at the beginning of a verse.
Few current scholars accept S. Mowinckel’s theory of an annual ritual festival or act of enthronement related to certain Psalms that celebrate Yahweh’s kingship.
Phonological parallelism refers to the occurrence of sound pairs in two “lines” of Hebrew poetry.
The three books of the Hebrew Bible most commonly called Wisdom Literature are Job, Proverbs and Ecclesiastes.
The Hebrew root hkm means “wisdom.”
Wisdom literature in the Hebrew Bible is humanistic and experiential and missing much of what is normally considered distinctively Israelite.
Wisdom refers to physical skills and intellectual skills.
Wisdom traditions in Ancient Israel were both imported from surrounding cultures and “home-grown.
The Words of Ahiqar is an Egyptian Wisdom text.
The Song of the Harper is a type of Mesopotamian protest literature
For much of the twentieth century there was a general scholarly consensus that wisdom literature in Israel was closely connected with the royal court.
The Hebrew term translated as proverb mashal designates a definite literary form.
All of the proverbs in Proverbs are attributed to Solomon.
The proverbs in Proverbs sometimes contradict each other
How many sections are generally thought to comprise Proverbs 1-9
Personification and Hypostasis both have the same meaning
“Fearing Yahweh” includes loyalty to and love for Yahweh, shown through obedience to his commands
In the prose sections of Job, there are three sections of speeches.
Job’s three friends are Bildad, Zophar and Eliphaz.
The prologue and epilogue of Job are written in prose.
The word “Satan” is a name for the devil in the book of Job.
The last speeches in the book of Job are made by Elihu.
Elihu’s speeches are the most elegantly written Hebrew poetry in the book.
When God speaks to Job, Job finally repents and and acknowledges that his friends are right.
The epilogue of Job presupposes both the speeches and the prologue.
Ezekiel 14:12-20 mentions the Jewish prophet and wise man Daniel, along with Noah and Job.
Most scholars believe that the speeches of Elihu were not an original part of the book of Job.
The idea that a poem, as a work of literature, is meant to be heard
The basic unit of Hebrew poetry consisting of a terse line typically containing a complete clause
A word that originally meant “reed” or “measure” and is used to describe documents (books) that are recognized as inspired and authoritative
This process involves an orientation to society or a specific discipline
The accent or pattern of speech in a poem, usually consisting of a repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
the attribution of human characteristics to something non human
A pun based on similar sounds between two different words
the use of extremes to express the whole (God loves you from the depths of the seas to the peaks of the mountains)
The first letter in each line is a successive letter in the Hebrew alphabet
a literary structure based on inverted symmetry (AB-BA ..or.. God is good, all the time- all the time, God is good
He who gathers in summer is a prudent son, but he who sleeps in harvest is a son who brings shame.
What is the close semantic and rhythmic relationship that exists between lines of Hebrew poetry
What is the Hebrew title for the book of Psalms?
What was the name of the mother of the gods of Ugarit?
What was the name of the father of the gods of Ugarit?
Which of the following was the Divine Warrior who defeated Sea and Death at Ugarit?
How many books does Psalms contain? (divisions)
Which 8th century king of Judah commanded that the songs of David and Asaph be sung?
According to your textbook, the German scholar who laid the foundation for the classification of the Psalms was Hermann Strauss.
The alphabet discovered at Ugarit was written in a cuneiform script.
A song of trust may stand as an independent psalm, or appear in a lament.
According to your textbook, psalms are attributed to all of the the following in the book Psalms: David, Asaph, the sons of Korah, Ethan, Moses, Solomon, Heman.
There are sound reasons to date the book of Job to time of the Patriarchs.
Job is set to the east of Israel, east of the Jordan river.
Several ancient non-Israelite texts have some similarity to Job.
Job is directly dependent on Babylonian and Sumerian works, but only indirectly related to Egyptian writings.
Many scholars believe that the theology of the epilogue of Job is in tension with the theology of the rest of the book.
The name of the devil in Job is Satan.
Scholars agree that it is obvious that the message of Job is about the dilemma of the suffering of the righteous.
Reader-response approaches place the locus of meaning in a text in the reader.
In your text book, Qoheleth refers to the person whose teaching is preserved in the book of Ecclesiastes.
The title of the book Ecclesiastes comes from the Greek translation of the Hebrew word qoheleth.
According to Lucas, the book of Ecclesiastes was written by a person exploring the search for life’s meaning through the persona of Solomon, king of Israel.
Most scholars believe that the book of Ecclesiastes was originally written in Aramaic.
Most scholars believe the date of the book Ecclesiastes was in the post-exilic period
The words of Qoheleth are sometimes contradictory.
The book of Ecclesiastes has a clear literary structure
In the Ancient Near East it was a sign of wisdom to know the proper times of things.
Qoheleth says that death comes to all but it is not the definitive end.
Ecclesiastes is similar in content to the Harper’s Songs of ancient Egypt.
The Hebrew word hevel (or hebel) has a wide range of meanings, but is often translated as “vanity.”
Ecclesiastes briefly mentions the traditional Hebrew teaching of the Exodus.
Qoheleth’s attitude toward death leads him to value life for as long as it lasts.
The title Song of Songs is an expression that means “the best song.”
Traditionally, the Song of Songs has been attributed to Solomon, with the understanding that Solomon was the song’s author.
In Jewish tradition, the song of Songs is read during the Feast of Passover in the fall.
Most modern scholars think that Solomon is not likely the author of the Song of Songs.
Song of Songs has both early and late linguistic features.
The closest extra-biblical links to Song of Songs are found in Tamil love poetry.
A wasf is a type of poetry in which a lover’s body is described in sensual language from head to toe (or vice versa).
Song of Songs contains poetic speeches by a woman about her beloved.
Song of Songs contains poetic speeches by a man about his beloved.
According to Lucas, Song of Songs contains poetic speech spoken by a chorus.
Allegorical interpretation of the Song of Songs understands the symbolic, allusive poetry in the book has a deeper, spiritual meaning and holds that the book is about God’s love for his people.
Literal interpretation of Song of Songs sees it as love poems shared by (human) lovers.
The nature imagery in Song of Songs may be an allusion to the Garden of Eden story in Genesis 2-3.
Write the five books of the Bible often called the “books of poetry” or Wisdom Literature.
Song of Songs
What are the speeches of Lady Wisdom in Proverbs ch.s 1-9 sometimes called?
What is the name of the collection of Egyptian Instructions that seem to have direct parallel to Proverbs 22:17-24:22?
Instruction of Amenemope
What king of Judah employed his men to copy some of the proverbs of Solomon?
According to 1 Kings, how many proverbs did Solomon speak?
“The Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, King of Israel”
The Proverbs of Solomon
“Words of the Sages”
These are also by the Sages
“These too are proverbs of Solomon , which men of King Hezekiah of Judah copied”
“the words of Agur”
“The words of Lemuel”
The Woman of Strength
What form of Proverb is typically a single proverb?
What are the speeches of Lady Wisdom in Proverbs ch.s 1-9 sometimes called?
What form of Proverb expands upon a continuous theme?
Proverbs is a collection of wise-sayings from the royal court. What word is used to describe the idea that Proverbs sayings were collected over a long period of time by many people?
Where is the book of Job set?
What biblical time period best describes the setting of the book Job?
The plot of the prologue of Job begins at a meeting of the Divine Council. Which answer below best describes the Divine Council in Job 1-2?
The LORD and the sons of God
What is the title for the accuser who takes part in the Divine Council meetings of Job 1-2?
What is the term used to describe the principle by which Job’s friends accuse him or wrongdoing?
Which speaker (other than Job) does God mention by name at the end of the book?
Job’s Dialogues with friends
Eliphaz was what gentilic?
Which of the following ancient texts is NOT compared to Job in your textbook?
The Egyptian Theodicy
There are no firm grounds on which to date the book of Job with any certainty.
A wasf is a type of poetry includes a sensual description of the lover’s body from head to toe.
In part, Qohelet responds to the book of Proverbs and traditional wisdom. What tenet of Proverbs does Qohelet observe to be inconsistent, thus prompting qoheleth’s to observe that “all is meaningless”?
The voice of what speaker is heard in Eccliesiastes 12:9-14
How does one live in the world!?!??
What is Good for Humans?
Postscript: Enjoy the Futility!
What is the branch of philosophy concerning itself with developing a theory of knowledge, as in “How one knows something” or “What one may know”?
In part, Qohelet responds to the book of Proverbs and traditional wisdom. What tenet of Proverbs does Qohelet observe to be inconsistent, thus rendering the meaningfulness of an ordered universe “meaningless”?
What Greek philosopher mentioned in class taught the principle of hedonism, “eat, drink, and be merry”?
What music act made the song “Turn and Turn and Turn,” based on Ecclesiastes 3, a hit single with their recording of it in 1965?
What time period is typically suggested for the writing of Ecclesiastes?
According to Ecclesiastes 1:1, whose words are recorded in Ecclesiastes?
What Hebrew term means “profit” or “remain”?
lo’ leho ‘iyl
r ut ruah
striving after wind
Which of the following ancient Near Eastern texts is likely referred to in the book of Ecclesiastes?
Match the scholar(s) with the understanding of hebel in Ecclesiastes that the scholar(s) holds.
Bartholomew and O’Dowd
Oden (following Sneed
What ancient Northwest Semitic inscription is a type of calendar that listed the agricultural seasons of the year?
Match the imagery in the Song of Songs with its associated referent or the idea which it evokes.
What book of the Torah provides that a young man who has taken a wife is exempt from military or forced public duty for a year?
What type of poetry includes a sensual description of the lover’s body from head to toe?
Match the early Christian interpreter with the method of interpretation each employed for reading Song of Songs
Theodore of Mopsuestia
Origen of Alexandria
How many “sensual descriptions of the male’s body from head to toe” appear in Song of Songs?