Merit-based recruitment and promotion involves the specification of objective criteria related to qualifications, experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as the basis for decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil Service. Merit-based systems strive to ensure the recruitment and selection of the “best” and most capable candidates, thereby assisting efforts to attract, secure and retain professional, high-quality civil servant.
Employment equity is an important issue in civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident of southern Punjab Province every citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential and energy but they are certainly ignored in merit system of civil service. Madarassa school system getting strength in southern Punjab which flourishes the extreme religious values in mind of common people which leads towards act of terrorism.
Although a merit system does not fulfils the requirement of education system and the criteria used for selection and promotion decisions are not made known to the public and are open to scrutiny. The condition of contestability is established whenever mechanisms exist that permit perceived violations of merit-based hiring or promotion decisions to be reviewed and challenged. The Federal Public Service Commission is entrusted to institutionalize merit-based, transparent recruitment for the civil service.
Level of Research Already Carried Out on the Proposed Topic:
Following literature has been gleaned through for the purpose of initial thought consolidation:-
The CSP is one of the heirs of the famous Indian Civil Service (ICS) created by the British and considered to be the “steel frame” of Britain’s administration in India (Burki, 1969). British often used to describe the Indian Civil Service as the steel frame of the whole structure which constituted the Government of India (Chene, M. 2008).’ Today in the Government of Pakistan the civil servants often play an even more powerful role than that of their imperial predecessors (Abbasi, 2011). Their ascent to power has been both steady and dramatic (Sayeed, 1958)..
According to study, the administrators of the new state of Pakistan have done much to preserve what they thought was worthy and desirable of their proud heritage (Gorvine, 1965). They have been particularly successfully doing so though in passing they have inadvertently reserved any of the conditions associated with colonial rule. Colonial India had been governed by a minute number of Europeans (Gorvine, 1965).
Long after independence, the members of the CSP continue to hold key positions in all tiers of government, exercising an influence “far disproportionate to their numbers and changing environment characterized by one political revolution (October, 1958) and two economic revolutions (1963-65 and 1967-68), the CSP has not only displayed a remarkable ability to survive but has, to the consternation of many, grown enormously in both power and prestige (Burki, 1969).
Bureaucracy was discredited because of agitation and protest in the urban centers and breakup of the Pakistani state (Shafaqat, 2014). Bureaucracy is pivotal to modern government. This is recognized both by the proponents and the opponents of bureaucracy.
Civil service refers to the body of government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neither political nor judicial (Husnain, 2010). A well-functioning civil service helps to foster good policymaking, effective service delivery, accountability and responsibility in utilizing public resources which are the characteristics of good governance (Cyan, 2006). The importance of the civil service to governance stems from the service
presence throughout the country and its strong binding character, administrative and managerial capacity of the services, effective policy-making and regulation, effective coordination between institutions of governance, leadership at different levels of administration, service delivery at the cutting edge level and provide ‘continuity and change’ to the administration (Imtiaz, 2013). Moreover, intra-service rivalries isolated the dominant bureaucrats from the larger administrative system (Ziring & LaPorte, 1974).
Abbasi, A. (2011). Public sector governance in Pakistan: Board of Investment (BOI).
International Journal of Politics and Good Governance, 2(2.1), 1-28.
Burki, S. J. (1969). Teventy yaers of the civil service of Pakistan. Asian survey, 239-254. Cyan, M. R. (2006). Main issues for setting the civil service reform agenda in Pakistan. The
Pakistan Development Review, 1241-1254.
Gorvine, A. (1965). The Civil Service under the Revolutionary Government in Pakistan.
Middle East Journal, 321-336.
Husnain, Z. (2010). Devolution, Accountability, and Servis delevery in Pakistan. The Pakistan development review, 129-152.
Imtiaz, S. A. (2013). A Study on the Civil Service Structure, Civil Servants Training and an Overview of National Commission of. German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Kalia, S. (2006). Bureaucratic Policy Making in Pakistan. Department of Public Administration,University of Karachi.
Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte, J. (1974). The Pakistan Bureaucracy: Two Views.
Asian Survey, 1086-1103.
Sayeed, K. B. (1958). The Political Role of Pakistan’s Civil Service. Pacific Affairs 131-146.
Shafaqat, S. (1999). Pakistani Bureaucracy: Crisis of Governance and Prospects of Reform.
The Pakistan Development Review, 995-1017.
Shafaqat, S. (2014). Civil Service Reform and 18th Amendment. Centre for Civic Education Pakistan, 19-34.
Ziring, L., & LaPorte, R. (1974). The Pakistan Bureaucracy: Two Views. Asian Survey, 14(12), 1086-1103.
Reason/Justification for the Selection of the Topic:
Long after autonomy, the individuals from the CSP keep on holding key positions in all levels of government, practicing an impact “far lopsided to their numbers and changing condition described by one political upset (October, 1958) and two monetary insurgencies (1963-65 and 1967-68), the CSP has shown an exceptional capacity to make due as well as has, to the horror of many, developed tremendously in both power and renown (Burki, 1969).
these difficulties adequately (Shafaqat, 1999). The PPP and its initiative had accepted power through well known vote; accordingly the ruler’s basic was to build up super ordinate-subordinate connection between the chose open authorities and the organization (Shafaqat, 2014).
The higher or world class organization in Pakistan held huge power and delighted in outstanding benefit (Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte, 1974). Administration frames life blood of any legislature and it fills in as a black box where general society requests and backings are changed into activities and strategies. The part of Pakistan’s administration in approach issues and the different components that have molded its character in the nation’s administration (Sayeed, 1958). Elements of approach making have been examined, trailed by the arrangement and nature of Pakistan’s organization under various administrations. Through verifiable investigation, evidential examination and perception; current part of organization in arrangement matters has been contended (Kalia, 2006).
Purpose of study:
Employment equity is an important issue in civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident of southern Punjab Province every citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential and energy in merit system of civil service.
Pakistan deteriorating civil service is in urgent need of repair.
Education system does not fulfils the requirement of CSS passing criteria in employment equity used for selection and promotion decisions for southern Punjab students, the flaws are ratification..
Framework of study:
Which is the major factor that affects southern Punjab Students in CSS recruitment?
Relation btw Independent and Dependent Variable and Moderator.
· Education system has positive role with employment equity.
· CSS has a positive role with employment equity.
· Ratification has moderator role between education system and employment equity.
· Ratification has a moderator role between employment equity and education system
1. To find out the major factor which affect southern Punjab Students in selection of CSS.
To find out Federal Public Service Commission based Selection criteria is entrusted to institutionalize merit-based, transparent recruitment for the civil service.
The research design is qualitative in nature. Qualitative methods typically produce a wealth of detailed data about a much smaller number of people and cases”. The literature for this study included civil service laws, rules at the federal and provincial Levels International reports and journals, Government of Pakistan notifications.
Relevance to National Needs:
Merit-based recruitment and promotion involves the specification of objective criteria related to qualifications, experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as the basis for decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil Service. Following advantages are visualized in terms of; the study recommends adopting the effective designing and implementation of policies and programs of civil servants. New role that the Federal Public Service Commission should be assigned is not to serve merely as an examining agency. Instead, it should be given the role of formulating personnel policies, planning and projecting man power needs of the governmental organization, setting standards and enforcing these standards.
Federal public service commission is to be ensured against subjective activity, individual bias, or intimidation for divided political purposes; restricted from utilizing their official specialist or impact to interfere with or influencing the consequence of any law, manage, or direction. Education system and employment equity are to be secured against discretionary activity, individual preference, or intimidation for fanatic political purposes; precluded from utilizing their official expert or impact to interfere with or influencing the aftereffect of a race.