By: of the country, which causes many roads

 By: William
Tandridinata – 10A Introduction
world right now is facing a crisis where more animal species are becoming
endangered. These animals have a population at a very critical level and if not
treated may be extinct. The population of human being doesn’t stop increasing
and is currently almost reaching
7.6 billion (Current World Population, n.d.). The increasing population
leads to an increase in demand for daily life requirements, which causes more
land needed for agricultural, industrial and construction purposes. Humans
destroy natural resources massively for these needs and it leaves other living
creatures in miserable conditions. There are several issues to do with this
problem, including habitat destruction for human’s daily needs through
deforestation, and collecting animal parts through overhunting. These issues
contribute a lot to the extinction and endangerment of many living creatures.   Deforestation Deforestation
shares a huge contribution towards habitat loss. Agricultural activities like
farming need land for planting crops and grazing livestock, therefore causing
more lands to be cleared out. People’s demand for wood and paper products are
also rising, which also clears out more trees. Another cause is the demand of
land for constructions of buildings. As population increases, more shelter is
needed. 70% of the land animals and plants living on earth lives in the forest,
while deforestation damages their home. Trees also help block direct sun rays
from the moist soil in the forest. Without it, the land quickly dries and may
result in deserts. Trees also help to control the temperature in the forest, as
they block sun’s rays during the day and kept the heat at night. The lost of
trees can lead to severe temperature changes that may harm the animals and
plants (Top Five Causes of
Species Extinction, n.d.). Deforestation
occurs all around the world and it has caused many living creatures to be
threatened. An example would be the threat to the Giant Pandas in China. Giant
Panda’s main habitat is located in China’s Yangtze Basin region. The region is
also the economic center of the country, which causes many roads and railroads
to be built, therefore increasing deforestation. The habitat is also lost due
to being logged for timber, fuel wood or cleared out for agriculture and
infrastructure. When the forests are destroyed, it causes the pandas to isolate
and prevents them from mating. The destruction also causes less access to
bamboos, which is their main source of food (Major Threats, n.d.). Another example would be
the Bengal Tiger, which is mostly located in India and also small populations
in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal and other countries. They have a population of
only around 2,500, and they are considered endangered (Bengal Tiger, n.d.). Their habitats are
fragmented for agricultural and construction purposes. Due to this, tigers are
forced into tiny and scattered habitat patches. The examples above prove that
deforestation threatens many living creatures through habitat loss.  In Indonesia, one of the species threatened
by deforestation is the Orangutans. The Bornean Orangutans has a population of
about 104,700, the Sumatran Orangutans about 14,613 and the Tapanuli Orangutans
about 800 (Orangutan,
n.d.). Deforestation has caused their habitats to be disappearing
quickly due to the needs for oil palm and other agricultural plantations.

Illegal and unsustainable logging in protected areas also threatens their
existence. Now, 50% more of orangutans are discovered outside protected areas
in forests, which is controlled by palm oil, mining and timber companies (Orangutan, n.d.).  Based
on my research and personal views, I believe that deforestation should be
stopped as it is one of the main factors that lead to the endangerment and
extinction of many animal species. Not only does it affect certain countries
like Indonesia, but many countries all over the world also experience it.

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Without a change, many species all around the world can be gone, which could
lead to no biodiversity. We should preserve these animal species for the future
generations to see. It may also be crucial if one species is gone, because it
may affect the entire food system in an ecosystem and lead to other species
being threatened as well.  

easiest solution for this issue is to probably limit the number of trees being
cut down. This can be done by minimizing people’s access to the forest. Another
solution is to establish laws to protect a specific habitat location. This
place should be guarded and left untouched so that it can flourish back as a
habitat. Besides this, replantation is also important as it can help with
bringing the lost habitat back. People should promote and work together to
plant more tree seeds in the forest. Another thing is to solve the overpopulation
problem. With the growing needs from overpopulation, spreading awareness to
become eco-friendlier is important. We should reduce, reuse and recycle
materials, especially those products made of trees like paper and tissue. This
may decrease the demand for products made from trees.