Chapter 4: Classical Greek Civilization. The Hellenistic Age. (The Western Humanities 6th edition)

Cosmopolitan
From Greek “cosmos” world, and “polis”, city; a citizen of the world, that is, an urban dweller with a universal or world view

New Comedy
The style of comedy favored by Hellenistic playwrights, concentrating on gentle satirical themes- in particular romantic plots with stock characters and predictable endings

Alexandrianism
A literary style developed in the Hellenistic period, typically formal, artificial and imitative of earlier Greek writing

Pastoral
A type of Hellenistic poetry that idealized rural customs and farming, especially simple life of Shepard and deprecated urban living

Comedy of manners
A humorous play that focuses on the way people in a particular social group or class interact with one another, especially regarding fashions and manners.

Idylls
A relatively short poem that focuses on events and themes of everyday life, such as family, love and religion; popular in the Hellenistic Age and a standard firm that has been periodically revived in Western literature throughout the centuries

Cynicism
A Hellenistic philosophy that denounced society and it’s institutions as artificial and called in the individual to strive for autarky

Autarky
Greek “self-sufficient”; in Hellenistic thought, the state of being isolated and free from the demands of society

Skepticism
A Hellenistic philosophy that questioned whether anything could be known for certain, argued that all beliefs were relative, and concluded that autarky could be achieved only by recognizing that inquiry was fruitless.

Epicureanism
A Hellenistic philosophy, founded by Epicurus and later expounded by the Roman Lucretius, that made its highest goals the development of the mind and an existence free from the demands of everyday life.

Stoicism
The most popular and influential Hellenistic philosophy, advocating a restrained way of life, a toleration for others, we resignation to disappointments, and a resolution to carry out ones responsibilities.

Corinthian
The third Greek architectural order, in which temple columns are slender and fluted, sit in a base and have capitals shaped like inverted bells and decorated with carvings representing the leaves of the acanthus bush; this style was popular in Hellenistic times and widely adopted by the Romans

Podium
I’m architecture, a low wall serving as a foundation; a platform

Genre subject
ChapcScene taken from everyday life

Neoclassicism
In the late third century an artistic movement in the disintegrating Hellenistic world that sought inspiration in the Athenian Golden Age if the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.E.;