Chinese Poetry Key Notes

in “thick grow the rush leaves,” what do the rush leaves sumbolize?
the speakers growing and vibrant love

the refrains in thick grow the rush leaves:
enhance rhythm and reinforce the poems theme

the tone of thick grows the rush leaves goes from:
romantic yearning to celebratory

meaning of thick grow the rush leaves:
the speaker hunts upstream and down until she finds her beloved

meaning of “i beg of you, chung tzu”
the speaker begs her love, chung tzu, not to do anything so ardent that it causes trouble with her parents ir community (approval)

the river merchants wife: a letter is most closely a ballad because:
it tells a story

incremental variation
one or two words within a refrain are varied in successive stanzas

words or phrases repeated at regular intervals in a song

songs are poems that:
were originally set to music and have strong, regular rhythms

songs that tell a story

each speaker in the poems has a certain
tone, or attitude

tone is revealed by the speakers
diction, or word choice

shih poems have an
even number of lines each with the same number of words

old style shih poems
were of any length, like tao chien

new style shih poems
had strict rules about length and form

what does the speaker of “i beg of you, chung tzu” fear?
disapproval of her family and community

what is the speaker of “i beg of you, chung tzu” conflicted about?
over her love for chung tzu and her desire for family approval

words that describe the rush leaves
thick, close, very fresh

both “i beg of you, chung tzu” and “thick grow the rush leaves”
address young love, have a female speaker and male beloved, and natural details

in “i beg of you, chung tzu” the speakers conflict is:

in “thick grow the rush leaves” the speakers conflict is:
resolved when she finds her beloved

form, shadow, spirit retains whst element if shih poetry?
even number of equal lines havibg translated almost the same, paired lines

form focuses on
the material world

shadow focuses on
social interaction in the form of good deeds

spirit focuses on
spitirual existance

meaning of form, shadow, spirit
holds a spirited discussion about the nature of the material and spiritual worlds

spirit answers that death is the what?
great equalizer, no matter what your rank

form says that what never ends?
mountains, rivers, plants, trees

In “I built my house near where others dwell,” the speaker has a love and admiration of what?

In “I built my house near where others dwell,” the speaker believes that it is possible to:
find inner peace in oneself

In “I built my house near where others dwell,” the speakers love and admiration for nature suggests that
universal truth resides in nature

in form, shadow, spirit….humans are known as ____ meaning they die

the lines “when the heart is far the place of itself is so distant” suggests that
one can achieve solitude from within ones heart

the river merchants wife is most closely a ballad because
it tells a story

song that tells a story

The river merchants wife married
young and in an arranged marriage, but has come to love her husband deeply and tells how she misses him during his absence

in “addresses humorously to tu fu,” li po suggests that
writing poetry causes spiritual suffering that can affect the poet physically

the jade flower palace…describes a
ruined place taken over by nature

the speaker in jade flower palace is
overwhelmed by pathos due to the the fleeting nature of human life

sent to li po as a gift recognizes that his fellow poet is
living outside the bounds of conventional behavior, so tu fu offers him some advice for self improvement

a ____ connects a noun or pronoun to the rest of the sentence

the noun or pronoun that the preposition connects is called the
object of the preposition

the entire phrase, including the preposition and its object is called the
prepositional phrase

what words or phrases reveal the speakers tone in “thick grow the rush leaves”
“difficult and steep” (yearning) “it’s he” , “that’s he” , “is he” (celebratory)

form suggests that humans
not forsake earthly pleasures (he wants them to enjoy lifes pleasures)

in “the river merchants wife: a letter,” how does the speaker first describe her behavior when she married her husband?
bashful and serious, without laughter

in “the river merchants wife: a letter,” how did the speaker feel about her marriage at first?
obligated, even uncomfortable

in “the river merchants wife: a letter,” how did the speakers attitude change over time?
it changed to real love and ultimately loneyness in his absence

each stanza in “the river merchants wife: a letter” reveals a
different stage of the speakers life and a change in the feelings she has for her husband

the only thing that remains of the prince’s glory in the “Jade flower palace” is
a stone horse

how does the image of the palace contrast with hte speakers description of what the palace used to look like?
the palace is deserted and desolate, the rich and splendid essence is gone

in “jade flower palace” what point is the speaker making through the contrast?
the futility of earthly glory / the fleeting nature of human life

how would you describe li po?
passionate, free spirited, and outside the bounds of conventional behavior

why is the poem to li po considered a gift?
to incite li po to self improvement

what is tu fu’s attitude

tu fu both
teases li po for his wild character but at the same time criticizing li pos lifestyle