Chp 5 Europe in the Middle Ages Vocab

Middle Ages
The years between ancient and modern times

Medieval
Referring to the middle Ages

Feudalism
A system in which land was owned by kings or lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty

Manor
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord

Serf
A farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked

Clergy
Person with authority to perform religious services

Excommunication
expelling someone from the church

Guild
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people

Apprentice
An unpaid person training in a craft or trade

Chivalry
The code of honorable conduct for knights

Troubadour
A traveling poet and musician of the middle Ages

Holy Land
Jerusalem and parts of the surrounding area where Jesus lived and taught

Crusades
A series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control

Jerusalem
A city in the Holy land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews

Pilgrim
A person who journeys to a sacred place