clas 260 lyrics

Iambos
Closest to natural speech, is typical of poetic invectives or dramatic dialogue

Elegy
consists of interchanging lines of dactylic lines of hexameter and pentameter, is the typical medium of melancholic discourse or gnomic poetry

Melos
comprises a wide variety of meter and rhythms, suits either a personal love-song or a choral performance

Archilochus
soldier, drove lycambos and daughters to suicide

Sappho
“the tenth muse”

Solon
Legislature, one of the “7 sages”, grew old, always learning much, threw his shield and ran for his life

Anacreon
grew old, always in love

Semonides of Amorgos
Compared female and animal types

Stesichorus
had to write a “palinode” to Helen in order to regain his sight

Ibicus
was avenged by cranes

Arion
was saved by dolphins

Tyrtaeus
lame schoolmaster, Athens’s trash and Sparta’s treasure

Sotades
was drown in a sack

Epithalamium/hymenaios
wedding song

Epinikion
victory hymn

Paraklausithyron
songs before the doors of the beloved one

Skolion/paroinion
drinking song

Parthenion
girls chorus

Dithyramb
ecstatic praise of Dionysus or hero