CLAS260

pax romana established by
octavian augustus

who won battle of actium
octavian

the woman antony divorced in order to be with his true love
octavia

defeated cleopatra
killed herself

wrote odes and epodes
horace

wrote aeneid
vergil

wrote metamorphoses
ovid

wrote the art of love
ovid

was promoted by maecenas
horace, vergil

was exiled by augustus
ovid

castigated julius caesar in his poems
catullus

most influenced dante alighieri
vergil

wrote in greatest variety of meters
horace

who is who to augustus: true assistant; later – son in law
agrippa vipsanius

who is who to augustus: once a colleague in triumvirate and brother in law; finally an enemy
antony

who is who to augustus: sister
octavia

who is who to augustus: wife
livia

who is who to augustus: disappointed augustus by profligacy and love affairs
juliae

the last regret of the emperor Nero
his act of matricide

Which place: chariot races
circus

which place: gladiator shows
amphitheater

which place: actors’ play shows
theater

which place: public baths/ spa
thermae

what caused the ampitheater of Pompeii to be closed for 10 years
riot in the audience and the massacre of guest Nucerians

who razed the second temple of jerusalem
titus flavius

what destroyed pompeii and Herculaneum in AD 79
versuvius

the most significant import of the excavations of pompeii and Herculaneum is
picture of daily life of a roman city

whos letter describing the experience of volcano eruption has come down to us as the first record
Pliny the younger

shrine of the family gods
lararium

big central hall
atrium

shallow pool in the middle of the hall
impluvium

dining room
triclinium

colonnade-gallery surrounding inner garden
persistyle

was not an augustan age poet
catullus

which emperors: persecution of christians in rome is first recorded at the time
nero

which emperors: were notoriously absorbed with astrology, dreams, and portents
augustus, vespasian

which emperors: acting and personifications
nero, commodus, elagabal

which emperors: reformed the empire with drastic innovations
diocletian, constantine

which emperors: wrote scholarly or philosophical treatises

which emperors: stoic philosopher
marcus aurelius

which emperors: adopted christianity
constantine

which emperors: was born christian, turned pagan
julian the apostate

divided the empire into eastern and western
diocletian

was concidered mildly retarded
claudius

which imperial lady: was murdered for erotic indiscretions
messalina

which imperial lady: was murdered on the order of her son
agrippina

which imperial lady: was taken, 6 months pregnant, from her husband to marry the emperor
livia

which impersial lady: her son killed his brother in her arms
julia domna

who built the wall across britain
hadrian

triumphal procession of the emperor aurelian in 272 featured the captive queen in golden chains
zenobia

how many hills is rome built on
7

what city is called eternal
rome

which city is the mythical source of rome
troy

legendary patriarch of the roman race
aeneas

sibyl is a roman equivalent of
pythia

who nursed the twin founders of rome
wolf

mother: twin founders of rome
rhea silvia

mother: first roman children
sabinae

mother: of brothers gracchi, famous tribunes of the people
cornelia

mother: of caesar’s only son
cleopatra

caesar’s mistress, the mother of his murderer
servilia

punishment of the vestal virgins for the loss of chasity
buried alive

gladiator shows were first introduced as
tribute to the dead

historical periods: first
kingdom

historical periods: last
holy roman empire

historical periods: followed the republic
imperial rome

historical periods: a long-surviving extension of the imperial rome
Byzantine empire

first and basic roman law code
twelve tables

which early roman: founded rome
romulus

which early roman: last roman king
tarquin the proud

which early roman: first roman consul
junius brutus

which early roman: killed his twin brother for no reason
romulus

which early roman: had his sons executed
junius brutus

which early roman: reported back to carthage for execution
regulus

which early roman: saved rome by doing nothing
fabius cunctator

which troublemaker: double-traitor who spared rome on his mother’s request
coriolan

which troublemaker: crossed the alps ti destroy rome and nearly succeeded
hannibal

which troublemaker: lead the slave war
spartacus

which troublemaker: plotted a conspiracy; crushed by cicero
catalina

who julius caesar had not pardoned
brutus

who: a writer
caesar, catullus, cicero

who: most famous orator
cicero

who: a great lyrical poet
catullus

who: conquered much of western europe, crossed over to britain
caesar

once triumvirs, finally enemies
caesar, pompey

had a disastrous crush on clodia pulchra
catullus

who was the brother of clodia pulchra
clodius pulcher

sneaked to caesar’s wife at women-only festival
clodius pulcher

married caesar’s daughter
pompey

was murdered
caesar, cicero, clodius, pompey

casesar fell under his statue in the senate house
pompey

his head was cut off
cicero, pompey

“just as the spirit of gauls… sustain calamity…”
caesar

“i hate and love”
catullus

vendi, vidi, vici
caesar

“i am not the sort of man who would ever… it is possible to be free”
brutus

“i tracked out his grave…” (tusculan)
cicero

above was grave of
archimedes

who was on the opposite side of the civil strife from the rest
antony

About whom does M. Antony, in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, state repeatedly: “…and ___ is a honorable man…”- to the opposite effect intimated in the audience?
brutus

the most essential feature of lyrical poetry
the ego poetry

which type of poetry: is closest to natural speech
iambos

which type of poetry: consists of interchanging lines of dactylic hexameter and dactylic pentameter
elegy

which type of poetry: embraces a wide variety of meters and rhythms
melos

which type of poetry: is typical of poetic invective or dramatic dialogue
iambos

which type of poetry: is a typical medium of melancholic discourse or wisdom precepts
elegy

which type of poetry: is suitable for either a personal love-song or a choral performance
melos

which author: a soldier
archilochus

which author: a legislator

which author: called the tenth muse
sappho

which author: grew old, always much in love
anacreon

which author: compared female and animal types
semonides of amorgos

the column capitcal is a simple square or circle
doric

the column capital had a horn like spiral design
ionic

the column capital has a leafy ornament
corinthian

the shape of a tholos is
rounded

which carries a spear
doryphoros

which throws discus
discobolos

which is a virgin
parthenos

sculptor of athena parthenos and the olympian zeus
phidias

phyrne was acquitted because
she looked like aphrodite

greek vases were made for
use as household utensils

attic black and red figure pottery belongs to the period
classical style

which ceramic ware: transporting and storing wine or olive oil
amphora

which ceramic ware: carrying water
hydria

which ceramic ware: mixing water and wine at a party
krater

which ceramic ware: drinking
kylix

which ceramic ware: toiletries
pyxis

which ceramic ware: had most vessels
hydria

which ceramic ware: had least handles
pyxis

at banquets greeks were
reclining

a song sung by person holding a kylix
skolion

greek polis is
city-state

the full extent of the polis rights belonged to
male citizens

the full rights of polis citizenship were vouchsafed by the duty to
bear arms in case of war

hellenic poleis successfully untied their forces in resistance to
persian invasion

what did the greeks have that the persians had not
freedom

greek city states
were always in conflict

which distinguished athenian: was the founding father of athenian democracy
solon

which distinguished athenian: saved his country by high treason
thermistocles

which distinguished athenian: was head of athens at its golden age
pericles

which distinguished athenian: was not a citizen
aspasia

peloponnesian wars were between
athens and sparta

who won the peloponnesian wars
sparta

mainland greek poleis lost their autonomy to
macedonia

who had himself repeatedly reminded about athenians
darius I

who flogged the hellespont
xerxes

who hired aristotle to tutor his son
philip

who conquered persia
alexander of macedonia

which author: grew old, always learning much
solon

People who began to study Greco-Roman literature for its own merit as a legacy of the dead languages are called
humanists

which trend: the sphere of reason and social harmony
enlightenment

which trend: the established norms of artistic expression
neoclassicism

which trend: unique individualities representing the spirit of challenge and rebellion
romanticism

which trend: explanatory analogy to folklore myths and rituals of modern traditional societies
anthropological school

which trend: the illustrative set of primal images universally present in human mind
psychoanalytical

which greco-roman period: alexandrian library/museum
hellenistic

which greco-roman period: attic period
classical greece

which greco-roman period: caesar’s conquest of gaul
roman

which greco-roman period: homer
dark to archaic age

which greco-roman period: the trojan war
mycenaean greece

which civilization was a direct antecedent of greek world
minoan

which civilization was a direct antecedent of roman domination of italy
etruscan

which civilization was a direct antecedent of medieval europe
roman

who stole fire from the gods and gave it to the people
prometheus

who opened the box of evils
pandora

who fell from the sky, his wings melted by the sun
icarus

who fell from the sky in a crush when driving the chariot of sun
phaeton

who fell in love with himself
narcissus

who cut off the head of medusa and saved the maiden andromeda the dea-monster
perseus

who completed the tweleve labors
herakles

who was the leader of the argonauts in search for the golden fleece
jason

who killed the minotaur of the labyrinth
theseus

the labyrinth of the greek myth is most probably
city-palace of knossus

who killed his father and married the mother
oedipus

who killed his mother, avenging the murder of the father
orestes

who killed her children from the husband who had left her
medea

who consumed by the passion for her chaste stepson, caused his death
phaedra

husband of clytemestra
agamemnon

husband of medea
jason

husband of phaedra
theuseus

which trend of philosophy: inquired into the origins of nature
ionian

which trend of philisophyL inquired into numerical abstractions
eleatic

which trend of philosophy: denied the reality of movement and change
eleatic

which trend of philosophy: asserted reality of matter
ionian

philosopher: the first philosopher
thales of miletus

philosopher: change/conflict = universal principle
thales of miletus

philosopher: atomistic concept of matter
democritus

philosopher: numerical mysticism and metempsychosis
pythagoras

philosopher: crying philosopher
heraclitus

philosopher: laughing philosopher
democritus

philosopher: author of famous geometric theorem
pythagoras

who called himself obstetrician of wisdom
socrates

who is famous for his irony
socrates

who asserted the ideas as the only reality
plato

who set forth the logical principles of a formal argument
aristotle

which post- socratic philosophy: took a vow of poverty
cynics

which post socratic philosophy: took a vow of suspended judgement
skeptics

which post socratic philosophy: relied on the divine providence
stoics

which post-socratic philosophy: denied the existence of divine providence
epicureans