ClaudiaJones was among the first people to analyze what migration in large-scale tothe metro poles from the former colonies meant on the left side. She attributedthe West Indian migration to Britain as colonization in reverse. Masses of theWest Indian populations were moving in search of better living conditions dueto the impoverished conditions that were in the islands.
The wealth of the islandswas in the hands of very few people while the rest lived under unbearableconditions. Most of the island’s young generation felt that their only hope wasto move overseas in search of better opportunities since there were none in theislands. This migration was considered forcedjust not directly. The emigration occurred almost immediately after the islandsachieved political independence in the two largest islands in the West Indies;Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. This killed all the dreams and goals ofachieving a united West Indies island that could be able to bring forth changeand impact on their own societies.
Britain also encouraged the migration duringthe post-war economic boom of Britain where they required cheap labor to stafftheir semi-skilled and non-skilled vacancies. Many took the chance in theattempt of making their lives better not understanding that it was onlycolonization in reverse. This was later felt when racism in Britain becameimmense even causing riots. According to Nkrumah, the particularessence of neo-colonialism is that a particular State, which is the center offocus, is independent in theory and has all the outward trappings ofinternational sovereignty but in reality its economic system which shapes itspolitical policies is directed from outside the state. The methods by whichthis can be achieved with extreme cases being of imperial power’s troops stillsafeguarding the territory and controlling the government. Neo-colonialismhowever is most often practices through economic or monetary means in ways likethe neo-colonized state being obliged to take manufactured goods from theimperialist power excluding goods from anywhere else. Neo-colonialism is practiced indifferent ways.
It may be conducted by providing funds that may be used to runthe particular State, or by providing civil servants in ranks in public officesthat can impose new policies to the State, or by controlling the monetary valueof the state over foreign exchange through implementation of banking systemscontrolled by the imperialist. These imperialists in most cases are usually theStates, which formerly ruled the territories in question. The result ofneo-colonialism is the exploitation rather than the development of lessdeveloped countries in most cases.