Claudia Jones was among the first people to analyze the negative impacts brought about by the migration from the West Indies to Britain. She described how this particular movement affected the West Indies and its people. She attributed the West Indian migration to Britain as a means in which Britain intended to continue their conquest over their colonies even in their motherland. Large numbers of the West Indian populations were moving in search of better living conditions due to the impoverished conditions that were present at the time in the islands. The wealth of the islands was in the hands of very few people while the rest lived under unbearable conditions. Most of the island’s young generation was compelled to feel that its only hope was to move overseas in search of better opportunities since there were none in the islands.
This migration was as a result of Britain’s shrewd tactics in manners that could not directly point back to them. The emigration occurred almost immediately after the islands achieved political independence in the two largest islands in the West Indies; Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. This acted as a catalyst that killed all the dreams and goals of ever realizing a united West Indies island that could be able to bring forth change and impact on its own society. Britain also encouraged the migration during the post-war economic boom of Britain, which required cheap labor to work their semi-skilled and non-skilled vacancies. Many took the chance in the effort of making their lives better not understanding that it was one of Britain’s tactics. They only came to understand this when they started experiencing racism in Britain with no support from its government.
Part II: Kwame Nkrumah
According to Nkrumah, the precise essence of neo-colonialism is that a particular colony becomes self-governing in theory with all the superficial symbols of independence but in reality, its entire economic system is controlled by a different state. An example of this can be seen in cases where a country might be free but troops from different countries are used to maintain order or act as the government of that country. Neo-colonialism, however, in most often cases is practiced through financial or monetarist means like the neo-colonized state being obliged to be a consumer of goods from the colonialist power without the power of choice.
Neo-colonialism is practiced in different ways. It may be conducted by providing funds that may be used to run a specific State, or by providing people in public offices ranks that can impose new policies to the State, or by controlling the economic value of the state over the international market like controlling the currency of that state. The result of neo-colonialism is exploitation of natural and human resources found in a particular state. This leaves the state in harsh conditions that make sure it remains dependent to the state exploiting it.