Common Core 7th Grade Poetry Terms

Alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
Figurative language

Simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”
Simile

Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Metaphor

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Personification

Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Hyperbole

Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses
Imagery

Sound devices
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia – gives poetry a musical quality
Sound devices

Rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
Rhyme

End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
End rhyme

Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Rhyme scheme

Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents
Onomatopoeia

Slant rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact.
Slant rhyme

Rhythm
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Rhythm

Line
A group of words together on one line of the poem.
Line

Stanza
A group of lines in a poem.
Stanza

Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
Couplet

Quatrain
4 line stanza
Quatrain

Refrain
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.

Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

Narrative poetry
A poem that tells a story
Narrative poetry

Tone
A writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Tone

Mood
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
Mood

Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Symbolism

repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
repetition

Prose
everyday speech
Prose

Poetry
genre of literature that can have rhythm and meter, stanzas, and lines usually used to express a feeling

Haiku
Japanese origin of poetry, 3 lines, 5-7-5 syllables
Haiku

Meter
a unit of rhythm in poetry, the pattern of the beats, it is also called a foot

Iambic
first syllable is unaccented, second syllable is accented
Iambic

Trochaic
first syllable is accented, second syllable is unaccented
Trochaic

Symbol
a thing that stands or represents something else
Symbol

Verse
a unit of poetry such as a stanza or a line

Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

Connotation
the attitudes and feelings associated with a word

Denotation
the literal or dictionary definition of a word

Sonnet
a 14 line poem stating the poet’s personal feelings

Ballad
a poem in verse that tells a story

Ode
a poem usually written as a way of saying goodbye to something and is usually serious

Limerick
a humorous verse of five lines

Found Poem
a poem that has not been deliberately composed but discovered by chance