harmony between business and human rights is an extremely complex process as
economics crisis have underscored that starkly. However, United Nations have
been working effectively to ensure that human rights are protected, fulfilled,
and promoted in the workplace, as well as in the host community of businesses.
Overall, we believe the UN’s effort to effect change regarding human rights
through “Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights” has been very
positive and effective. It takes a much more proactive approach to human rights
and international business practices rather than simply setting baseline
requirements and maintaining the status quo. Besides providing preventative
measures to ensure human rights standards are adhered to, it also clarifies the
meaning of the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, which is a key
component of global compact.
that Protect, Respect, and Remedy is a comprehensive framework, which involves
the players as it clearly differentiates the roles of businesses and states. On
the other hand, there are some limitations of this framework. According to a
report issued by the House of Lords (2009), the framework treats the role of
communities affected by business activities as a passive one, and it offered
little details on what should be applied to make sure that corporates respect
human rights (p. 96). Also, Max De Messa, Philippine Alliance of Human Rights
Advocate, told that promoting principles of human rights sometimes is not
sufficient because the principals are voluntary.
positively or negatively affect human rights whenever and however they operate.
In term of global, the effects of companies are two. Companies operate in poor
countries like Bangladesh and post-conflict countries where the local
governments are unable to enforce their laws. With all these complexities it is
not always obvious who is responsible for preventing companies from violating
human rights. Therefore, the intervention of UN effectively addresses these
issues by implementing Protect, Respect and Remedy framework, which highlights
the importance of new balances in the global economy environment and determines
the responsibilities of governments and businesses for solving human rights